MINNEAPOLIS--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Initial results from a recent study indicate that for patients between the ages of 50 and 75, overall survival nearly doubled when patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) received allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) when compared to other treatments. Additionally, patients age 65 and older saw a similar benefit to overall survival as those between the ages of 55 and 64. The majority of patients received transplant using matched unrelated donors, and outcomes were similar to those of patients using matched related donors.
These findings from a Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT CTN) study were presented during the 62nd ASH Annual Meeting & Exposition.
The initial results of a separate observational study currently being run by the CIBMTR® (Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research®)—which is a research collaboration between the National Marrow Donor Program® (NMDP)/Be The Match® and the Medical College of Wisconsin—also demonstrate the patients 65 and older experience similar benefit from allogeneic HCT to patients 55-64 years of age. In addition, the initial analysis of the CIBMTR observational study showed similar non-relapse mortality between these two age groups. The initial results were published in JAMA Oncology.
“In both studies of older adults with MDS, we found that transplantation using either an HLA-matched related or HLA-matched unrelated donor is feasible even in older patients and in the BMT CTN study, provides significant survival benefit relative to non-transplant therapies. This supports the early referral of all patients with MDS to a transplant center for consultation, regardless of age,” said Steven Devine, MD, Chief Medical Officer, NMDP/Be The Match, and Associate Scientific Director, CIBMTR.
Early referral to a transplant center for all patients is critical as it allows the search for a donor to start early for those patients who are eligible for transplant. This increases the likelihood a patient will find a suitable donor and proceed to transplant earlier in their disease, which can lead to better outcomes.
“While alloHCT is the only known cure for MDS, many older adults did not receive HCT in the past because the benefits for older adults had not been sufficiently proven for CMS to provide payment coverage. Taken together, these studies support allogeneic HCT for older patients with MDS based on survival improvements,” said J. Douglas Rizzo, MD, MS, Senior Scientific Director, CIBMTR.
Currently, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) does not cover alloHCT for adults over age 65 unless the patient is enrolled in a qualified Coverage with Evidence Development (CED) study. The NMDP/Be The Match and CIBMTR will provide CMS with the data from these two studies for its use in making coverage policy decisions.
In the meantime, the current CIBMTR observational study meets CED requirements and qualifies for payment under CMS. The study remains open for enrollment for a broad range of clinically eligible Medicare recipients. By enrolling patients in this study, more older patients across the U.S. with MDS will have access to HCT.
Access the BMT CTN study abstract presented by senior study author Corey Cutler, MD, MPH, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, during the ASH Annual Meeting:
A Multi-Center Biologic Assignment Trial Comparing Reduced Intensity Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation to Hypomethylating Therapy or Best Supportive Care in Patients Aged 50-75 with Advanced Myelodysplastic Syndrome: Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network Study 1102
Access the initial results of the CIBMTR observational study published in JAMA Oncology:
About the BMT CTN
The Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT CTN) conducts rigorous multi-institutional clinical trials of high scientific merit, focused on improving survival for patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation and/or receiving cellular therapies. The BMT CTN has completed accrual to 43 Phase II and III trials at more than 100 transplant centers and enrolled over 12,800 study participants. BMT CTN is funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the National Cancer Institute, a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and is a collaborative effort of 20 Core Transplant Centers/Consortia, the CIBMTR (Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research), the National Marrow Donor Program/Be The Match and the Emmes Company, LLC, a clinical research organization.
About the CIBMTR
The CIBMTR® (Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research®) is a research collaboration between the National Marrow Donor Program® (NMDP)/Be The Match® and the Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW). The CIBMTR collaborates with the global scientific community to advance hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and cellular therapy worldwide to increase survival and enrich quality of life for patients. The CIBMTR facilitates critical observational and interventional research through scientific and statistical expertise, a large network of transplant centers, and a unique and extensive clinical outcomes database.
About the Medical College of Wisconsin
With a history dating back to 1893, The Medical College of Wisconsin is dedicated to leadership and excellence in education, patient care, research and community engagement. More than 1,400 students are enrolled in MCW’s medical school and graduate school programs in Milwaukee, Green Bay, and Central Wisconsin. MCW’s School of Pharmacy opened in 2017. A major national research center, MCW is the largest research institution in the Milwaukee metro area and second largest in Wisconsin. In the last ten years, faculty received more than $1.5 billion in external support for research, teaching, training and related purposes. This total includes highly competitive research and training awards from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Annually, MCW faculty direct or collaborate on more than 3,100 research studies, including clinical trials. Additionally, more than 1,600 physicians provide care in virtually every specialty of medicine for more than 2.8 million patients annually.
About the National Marrow Donor Program/Be The Match
The National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP)/Be The Match is the global leader in providing a cure to patients with life-threatening blood and marrow cancers like leukemia and lymphoma, as well as other diseases. The organization manages the world’s largest registry of potential blood stem cell donors and cord blood units. The NMDP/Be The Match partners with a global network to connect patients to their donor match for a transplant, and provides education and support for patients. Through Be The Match BioTherapies®, the NMDP/Be The Match partners with cell and gene therapy companies to support the development and delivery of new therapies. The organization conducts research through its research program, CIBMTR (Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research), in collaboration with Medical College of Wisconsin.