NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Spruce Point Capital Management, LLC (“Spruce Point” or “we” or “us”), a New York-based investment management firm that focuses on forensic research and short-selling, today issued a detailed report entitled "Detecting A Major Cover-Up Threatening Earnings and Global Public Safety” that outlines why shares of Leidos Holdings, Inc (NYSE: LDOS) ("Leidos" or the "Company"), an S&P 500 company, face up to 60% downside risk. Download or view the report by visiting www.SprucePointCap.com and follow us on Twitter @SprucePointCap for additional information and exclusive updates.
Ben Axler, Spruce Point’s Founder and Chief Investment Officer, commented:
“One of the fundamental flaws on Wall Street is its research model. Research from investment banks is effectively paid for by public companies through other service fees. As a result, there are too many institutional biases that produce too many unwarranted ‘Buy’ recommendations. We believe this is one of the reasons why there is not a single ‘Sell’ recommendation on Leidos despite extensive evidence to suggest management is covering up failure of a material acquisition, as well as product defects that put all of our safety at risk.
Spruce Point continues to believe short sellers play a valuable role in the marketplace, and that this role is not purely profit motivated. We want to ensure that our country remains safe and that it avoids allocating taxpayer dollars to potentially flawed business contractors. We also realize these are challenging times as we are all making sacrifices while battling the COVID-19 pandemic. The divide between the haves and have nots has grown even wider as the Federal Reserve and central banks have endorsed ultra-accommodative monetary policies to ensure ample liquidity in the system. Accommodative monetary policies alone cannot quickly resolve the pandemic or the growing divides plaguing world economies. Those of us who are able should play an active role in giving back to society and supporting charitable endeavors. This is why Spruce Point plans to donate a portion of profits made from this report, which was self-funded and made available to the public for free, to three worthy causes: UNICEF, The American Red Cross and United Way.”
Spruce Point Report Overview
We urge investors to review key findings in Spruce Point’s report and hold management accountable for answers to the following issues:
- We believe Leidos wasted $1 billion on the acquisition of L3Harris’ (NYSE: LHX) Security Detection & Automation (“SD&A”) business – and has potentially misled investors on its financial benefits. In early 2020, Leidos leveraged its balance sheet to acquire this business. While management claims the SD&A deal will help Leidos achieve double digit growth, 15% margins, $500 million in revenues and boost international sales from 10% to 13% of total revenues in 2020, Spruce Point believes none of these claims are possible. After conducting expert interviews, evaluating foreign financial filings and dissecting management’s claims, we are still unable to reconcile at least $100 million of total, and $355 million to $367 million of claimed, international sales. We find evidence that one foreign entity in the UAE tied to the automation business recently restated sales and net income lower by 68% and 98%, respectively. We also find unusual transactions with a Thailand distributor – M.I.T Solutions – that has been linked to a graft scandal that led to the imprisonment of a Thailand Transportation Minister. We believe Leidos should impair the value of the business, and that the Board of Directors (the “Board”) should immediately terminate Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) Roger Krone, Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”) James Reagan and Chief Accounting Officer (“CAO”) Christopher Cage for abysmal due diligence failures.
- Evidence suggests that under CEO Roger Krone’s leadership, Leidos is concealing numerous product defects from investors, including faulty explosive detection systems at airports, ports and borders. Mr. Krone joined Leidos after a long career with Boeing, where he worked under Dennis Muilenburg, who eventually rose to CEO and was later ousted following the Boeing 737 MAX scandal. Federal reports detailed a “culture of concealment” at Boeing under Mr. Muilenberg’s leadership and noted that the desire to meet goals and expectations jeopardized the safety of the flying public. We believe this is troubling in context. Backed by import records, a distributor lawsuit alleging fraud and expert interviews, Spruce Point finds evidence that the Company is concealing numerous product defects – C-MobileTM, ClearScanTM and MV3DTM – and that the SD&A business has underinvested in the latest technology, resulting in market share loss. These challenges could present a “Material Adverse Effect” with tail risk financial liabilities to Leidos shareholders.
- Evidence shows numerous signs of cash flow struggles and the potential mischaracterization of organic revenues. Our analysis leads us to estimate that Leidos’ Operating Cash Flow (“OCF”) has been inflated by 67% to 78% for the first nine months of 2020. We observe a rapid increase of unbilled receivables and current deferred revenues. Leidos ceased explaining what drove the increase in deferred revenues in the past two SEC-filed 10-Qs and changed its explanation for the increase in unbilled receivables. Unbilled receivables point to revenue recognized in advance of payment, while increases in deferred revenue point to aggressive customer pre-payments. A recent academic research study into unbilled receivables concludes the following: “Preceding studies have shown that unbilled receivables may lead either to earnings management or accounting fraud and issued warnings for stakeholders to carefully observe unbilled receivables.”1 We also find troubling revisions and conflicting disclosures to its use of accounts receivable factoring and revenue related to the IMX Medical acquisition in 2019. IMX Medical revenue revisions leads to a misstatement of Leidos’ organic revenue.
- Evidence indicates Leidos is deflecting growing competitive threats from Amazon and Microsoft. As an outsourced IT service provider to federal agencies, Leidos participates in cloud modernization projects. Amazon has been investing heavily in this area and growing its presence in the Washington D.C. region. There is a growing risk, acknowledged to us by a former senior C-Suite Leidos executive, that the technology leaders could start doing direct deals vs. subcontracting. Booz Allen Hamilton, a key competitor to Leidos, has already acknowledged the increasing competitive environment for hiring technology talent and recently disclosed recruitment challenges. Leidos has failed to acknowledge any risk to its business from these dynamics.
- We believe investors should be extremely concerned by the Company’s current and recently departed CAOs, each of whom have questionable track-records. Prior to joining Leidos, former CAO Ranjit Chadha worked at Computer Sciences Corp (“CSC”) in accounting and financial reporting roles during a period in which the SEC charged its executives with accounting fraud and noted unusual unbilled receivables. Curiously, we find Leidos’ unbilled receivables also rising without clear explanation. Mr. Chadha became Leidos’ SVP Corporate Financial Planning and Analysis in June 2019, and recently departed in March 2020. In his new role, he removed from his biography his CAO role at Leidos. Public filings show that Leidos’ current CAO and long-time SAIC employee, Christopher Cage, has a legacy criminal record in California. We find it troublesome that the Company’s financial strains increased post-acquisitions and following the departure of Mr. Chadha.
Please note that the items summarized in this press release are expanded upon and supported with data, public filings and records, and images in Spruce Point’s full report. As a reminder, our full report, along with its investment disclaimers, can be downloaded and viewed at www.SprucePointCap.com.
As disclosed, Spruce Point has a short position in Leidos and owns derivative securities that stand to net benefit if its share price falls.
About Spruce Point
Spruce Point Capital Management, LLC is a forensic fundamentally-oriented investment manager that focuses on short-selling, value and special situation investment opportunities. Spruce Point Capital Management, LLC is a member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, CRD number 288248.
1 “Unbilled Receivables, Loss Allowances and Earnings Management”, Academy of Accounting and Financial Studies Journal, 2019