NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Fitch Ratings has downgraded the Issuer Default Rating of Pitney Bowes Inc. (Pitney Bowes) and its subsidiary, Pitney Bowes International Holdings, Inc. (PBIH) to 'BBB-' from 'BBB'. The Rating Outlook remains Negative. A full list of ratings actions follows at the end of this release.
The downgrade is based on Fitch's view that the secular challenges faced by Pitney Bowes, combined with the cyclicality inherent in the business, and the current credit protection metrics and free cash flow profile, are more commensurate with a 'BBB-' rating.
Fitch's primary concerns continue to be the revenue declines endured by the company and the resulting impact on cash flows. The company reported revenues declines of 4.3% for the year. Fitch notes that revenues were down 1.4% for the fourth quarter, which is a moderation from the declines in the prior three quarters. Fitch models the Small & Medium mailing business (SMB; 51% of revenues and down 6.5% in 2012) to continue to endure mid to low-single digit revenue declines for the foreseeable future.
The Enterprise business segment (49% of revenues) was down 1.8%. This is concerning as Fitch looks to Enterprise as one of the areas to at least partially offset the declines in SMB. Further, the decline in equipment sales (which drives future financing, rental, and supplies revenue) was down 5% for the year. Fitch acknowledges that some of the production mail declines could be temporary due to macroeconomic-driven customer deferrals, and lower new small business starts are pressuring SMB. That said, Fitch believes this points to the level of cyclicality and volatility in the business.
Fitch calculates actual 2012 FCF at $163 million. This is both less than Fitch's base case expectations and is outside of Fitch's downside scenario (approximately $200 million) incorporated in the previous ratings. Fitch's current base case projections estimate annual free cash flow at $200 million-$225 million for the next few years.
Fitch's FCF calculation deducts Pitney Bowes common and preferred dividend payments ($320 million) and does not add back cash flows associated with pension contributions ($95 million), restructuring payments ($75 million), and tax payments related to sales of leveraged lease assets ($114 million).
The ratings also consider the event risk, which is faced by bondholders of all companies faced with secular challenges and underperforming equity, of a potentially more aggressive financial policy and capital structure. The ratings incorporate the potential for moderate acquisition and share buyback activity that is limited to free cash flow. Any such debt-funded activity would be outside of current ratings and likely lead to negative rating actions.
Fitch estimates that total consolidated gross leverage at Dec. 31, 2012 was 3.9 times (x) an improvement from 2011's 4.2x. This excludes $340 million in debt recently issued to prefund the June 2013 $375 million senior unsecured note maturity. The company reduced absolute debt by $550 million in 2012, which improved core leverage by a half a turn.
Pitney Bowes faces material annual maturities over the next several years. Fitch recognizes that Pitney Bowes can address its maturities organically with its pre-dividend FCF generation. The company appointed its new President and CEO in December of 2012 and has indicated that they will provide more information related to its capital deployment at its investor meeting in May 2013. Ratings may be stabilized if the company articulates a conservative financial policy, including a consolidated leverage target of less than 4x. The Negative Outlook reflects Fitch's concern that acquisition activity and shareholder friendly actions may consume a material amount of the company's pre-dividend FCFs.
Pitney Bowes' market share and entrenched position and the contractual finance receivable base have allowed the company to carry higher than average leverage for the rating category. Ongoing declines in the overall top line could encourage Fitch to further tighten its leverage parameters in a given ratings category.
The ratings are supported by: the significant and entrenched market position in the core U.S. Mailing business, characterized by approximately 80% share of the postage meter market and limited competitive pressures; the necessity of mail equipment and services to conduct business across all industries; the diversity of the company's customer base, from both an industry and size perspective; and the company's strong credit risk management policies regarding its financial services business.
Pitney Bowes' liquidity position at Dec. 31, 2012 was solid, consisting of: i) $913 million of cash; and ii) an undrawn $1 billion revolving credit facility (RCF) maturing in April 2016, which backstops the company's $1 billion commercial paper (CP) program. Liquidity is further supported by the company's annual free cash flow generation.
As of Dec. 31, 2012, Pitney Bowes' total debt was $4.3 billion, consisting of i)$3.7 billion of senior unsecured debt, consisting of 10 notes maturing between 2013-2022 and one maturing in 2037 ($500 million); ii) $220 million in term loans due in 2015/2016; and iii) $300 million of variable-term voting preferred stock in the company's subsidiary, PBIH. Under Fitch's hybrid security criteria, Fitch assigns 0% equity credit given the less than five-year maturity (based on the October 2016 call date).
In addition to the comments above, ratings may be stabilized if over the next one to two years Fitch has higher conviction that a successful roll-out of the digital and customer communications initiatives, in combination with growth in its enterprise services businesses, will offset declines in its physical business.
Negative: Future developments that may, individually or collectively, lead to a negative rating action include:
--Lack of traction in the company's digital initiatives and other growth businesses amid ongoing declines in the traditional physical business. Also, sustained revenue declines in the high single digits would pressure the ratings;
--A sustained increase in total leverage, whether the result of incremental debt or lower EBITDA;
--Indications of a more aggressive financial policy.
Positive: The current Outlook is Negative. As a result, Fitch's sensitivities do not currently anticipate a rating upgrade.
Fitch has downgraded the following ratings:
--IDR to 'BBB-' from 'BBB';
--Senior unsecured revolving credit facility (RCF) to 'BBB-' from 'BBB';
--Senior unsecured term loan to 'BBB-' from 'BBB';
--Senior unsecured notes to 'BBB-' from 'BBB'
--Short-term IDR to 'F3' from 'F2';
--Commercial paper (CP) to 'F3' from 'F2'.
--Long-term IDR to 'BBB-' from 'BBB'
--Preferred stock to 'BB' from 'BB+'.
The Outlook is Negative.
Additional information is available at 'www.fitchratings.com'. The ratings above were unsolicited and have been provided by Fitch as a service to investors. The issuer did not participate in the rating process, or provide additional information, beyond the issuer's available public disclosure.
Applicable Criteria & Related Research:
--'Corporate Rating Methodology' Aug. 8, 2012;
--'Treatment and Notching of Hybrids in Nonfinancial Corporate and REIT Credit Analysis' Dec. 13, 2012.
Applicable Criteria and Related Research:
Treatment and Notching of Hybrids in Nonfinancial Corporate and REIT Credit Analysis
Corporate Rating Methodology