2008 U.S. Music Purchases Exceed 1.5 Billion; Growth in Overall Music Purchases Exceeds 10%

Overall Music Sales, Digital Track Sales, Vinyl LP Sales, Set New Sales Plateaus in 2008

Digital Music Accounts for 32% of Music Purchases

The Nielsen Company 2008 Year-End Music Industry Report

WHITE PLAINS, N.Y.--()--Nielsen SoundScan, the entertainment industry's data information system that tracks point-of-purchase sales of recorded music product, Nielsen BDS, the music industry’s leading music performance monitoring service, and Nielsen RingScan, which tracks mobile ringtone purchases, have announced their 2008 U.S. year-end sales and performance monitoring data for the 52-week period December 31, 2007 through December 28, 2008.

   

OVERALL MUSIC SALES (12/31/07 – 12/28/08)

OVERALL ALBUM SALES (12/31/07 – 12/28/08)

(ALBUMS, SINGLES, MUSIC VIDEO, DIGITAL TRACKS – IN MILLIONS)

(INCLUDES ALL ALBUMS & TRACK EQUIVALENT ALBUMS - IN MILLIONS)

UNITS SOLD

 

2008

 

2007

 

% Chg.

UNITS SOLD

 

2008

 

2007

 

% Chg.

1,513* 1,369 10.5% 535.4 584.9 -8.5%
 

TOTAL ALBUM SALES (12/31/07 – 12/28/08)

INTERNET ALBUM SALES (12/31/07 – 12/28/08)

(INCLUDES CD, CS, LP, DIGITAL ALBUMS - IN MILLIONS) (PHYSICAL ALBUM PURCHASES VIA E-COMMERCE SITES, IN MILLIONS)

UNITS SOLD

2008

2007

% Chg.

UNITS SOLD

2008

2007

% Chg.

428.4 500.5 -14% 27.5 30.1 -8.6%
 

DIGITAL TRACK SALES

DIGITAL ALBUM SALES

(12/31/2007 – 12/28/08 - IN MILLIONS) (12/31/2007 – 12/28/2008 - IN MILLIONS)

UNITS SOLD

2008

2007

% CHG.

UNITS SOLD

2008

2007

% CHG.

1,070* 844.2 27% 65.8* 50.0 32%
 

TOTAL LP ALBUM SALES (12/31/07 – 12/28/08)

HOLIDAY SEASON ALBUM SALES (11/17/08 – 12/28/08)

(LP/VINYL ALBUMS - IN MILLIONS)

(Physical & Digital ALBUM SALES DURING HOLIDAY SEASON: IN MILLIONS)

UNITS SOLD

2008

2007

% Chg.

UNITS SOLD

2008

2007

% Chg.

1.88* .99 89% 80.1 98.7 -19%
 

*Denotes a Nielsen SoundScan sales record

 
   

2008 GENRE ALBUM SALES REPORT

(12/31/07-12/28/08 – IN THOUSANDS)

CURRENT VS. CATALOG ALBUM SALES

(12/31/07-12/28/08 - IN MILLIONS)

           

Genre

2008

2007

% Chg.

Overall Albums

2008

2007

% Chg.

Alternative 80,919 88,604 -8.7% Current 249.6 306.4 - 19%
Christian/Gospel+ 29,793 34,017 -12.4% Catalog 178.8 194.1 - 8%
Classical 13,323 18,044 -26.0% Deep Catalog 128.9 138.7 - 7%
Country 47,657 62,696 -24.0%
Jazz 11,791 14,047 -16.1%

Physical Albums:

2008

2007

% Chg.

Latin 25,125 31,853 -21.1% Current 215.3 279.3 - 23%
Metal 50,476 52,951 -4.7% Catalog 147.3 171.2 -14%
New Age 2,943 3,210 -8.3% Deep Catalog 106.2 122.7 -13%
R&B 77,014 95,555 -19.4%
Rap 33,410 41,662 -19.8%

Digital Albums:

2008

2007

% Chg.

Rock 139,666 149,414 -6.5% Current 34.3 27.1 27%
Soundtrack 20,847 24,570 -15.2% Catalog 31.5 22.9 37%
Deep Catalog 22.7 16.0 41%
 
(Note: Titles may appear in more than one genre.)

+Sales figures tracked by Christian SoundScan

 
 

2008 YEAR-TO-DATE RECORD COMPANY MARKET SHARE (12/31/07 - 12/28/08)

(reflects the market share for the entire entity including sub-distributed companies)

       

TOTAL ALBUMS (Catalog & Current Titles)

CURRENT ALBUMS

CATALOG ALBUMS

 

2008

 

2007

 

2008

 

2007

 

2008

 

2007

UMG 31.52% 31.90% UMG 34.75% 34.48% UMG 27.02% 27.81%
BMG 10.06% 11.11% BMG 10.94% 12.60% BMG 8.83% 8.74%
SONY 15.24% 13.86% SONY 13.75% 12.52% SONY 17.32% 15.98%
SONYBMG Total 25.30% 24.97% SONYBMG Total 24.69% 25.12% SONYBMG Total 26.15% 24.72%
WMG 21.38% 20.28% WMG 20.86% 19.12% WMG 22.10% 22.12%
EMI 8.97% 9.37% EMI 7.67% 8.31% EMI 10.77% 11.05%
OTHERS 12.83% 13.48% OTHERS 12.03% 12.97% OTHERS 13.95% 14.30%
 
           

DIGITAL ALBUMS

DIGITAL TRACKS

2008

2007

2008

2007

UMG 27.80% 27.69% UMG 31.77% 33.75%
BMG 7.52% 9.06% BMG 10.23% 9.02%
SONY 13.78% 13.80% SONY 13.31% 14.17%
SONYBMG Total 21.30% 22.86% SONYBMG Total 23.54% 23.19%
WMG 23.48% 22.98% WMG 20.87% 20.50%
EMI 10.91% 10.80% EMI 8.36% 7.74%
OTHERS 16.50% 15.67% OTHERS 15.35% 14.83%
 
   

2008 TOP TEN SELLING ALBUMS

(12/31/2007-12/28/2008)

2008 TOP TEN SELLING ARTISTS

(based on Album sales from 12/31/2007-12/28/2008)

       

Title/Artist

Units Sold

Artist

Units Sold

1

Tha Carter III/ Lil Wayne

2,874,000 1 Taylor Swift 4,003,000
2

Viva La Vida/ Coldplay

2,144,000 2 AC/DC 3,418,000
3

Fearless/ Taylor Swift

2,112,000 3 Lil Wayne 3,382,000
4

Rock N Roll Jesus/ Kid Rock

2,018,000 4 Coldplay 2,691,000
5

Black Ice/ AC/DC

1,915,000 5 Metallica 2,466,000
6

Taylor Swift/ Taylor Swift

1,597,000 6 Kid Rock 2,405,000
7

Death Magnetic/ Metallica

1,565,000 7 Jonas Brothers 2,340,000
8

Paper Trail/ T.I.

1,522,000 8 Sugarland 2,063,000
9

Sleep Through the Static/ Jack Johnson

1,492,000 9 Nickelback 1,953,000
10.

I Am…Sasha Fierce/ Beyonce

1,459,000 10. Jack Johnson 1,895,000
 
           

2008 TOP TEN SELLING DIGITAL SONGS

(combines all versions of the same Song:12/31/2007-12/28/2008)

2008 TOP TEN SELLING DIGITAL ARTISTS  

(based on digital track sales from 12/31/2007–12/28/2008)

 

Title/Artist

Units Sold

Artist

Units Sold

1

Bleeding Love/ Leona Lewis

3,420,000 1 Rihanna 9,941,000
2

Lollipop/ Lil Wayne Feat. Static Major

3,161,000 2 Taylor Swift 8,793,000
3

Low/ Flo Rida Feat. T-Pain

2,979,000 3

Kanye West

6,876,000
4

I Kissed A Girl/ Katy Perry

2,977,000 4 Chris Brown 6,811,000
5

Viva La Vida/ Coldplay

2,914,000 5 Britney Spears 6,284,000
6

Disturbia/ Rihanna

2,766,000 6 Jonas Brothers 6,058,000
7

Whatever You Like/ T.I.

2,682,000 7 Coldplay 5,933,000
8

I’m Yours/ Jason Mraz

2,655,000 8 Katy Perry 5,840,000
9

No Air/ Jordin Sparks Duet w/ Chris Brown

2,612,000 9 Leona Lewis 5,027,000
10.

So What/ Pink

2,590,000 10. Jordin Sparks 4,918,000
 
           

2008 TOP TEN SELLING DIGITAL TRACKS

 (12/31/07–12/28/2008)

2008 TOP TEN SELLING DIGITAL ALBUMS

(12/31/2007-12/28/2008)

 

Title/Artist

Units Sold

Artist

Units Sold

1

Bleeding Love/ Leona Lewis

3,369,000 1

Viva La Vida/ Coldplay

617,000
2

Low (Album Version)/ Flo Rida Feat. T-Pain

2,935,000 2

Sleep Through the Static/ Jack Johnson

325,000
3

Disturbia/ Rihanna

2,715,000 3

Soundtrack/ Juno

280,000
4

I Kissed A Girl/ Katy Perry

2,631,000 4

Tha Carter III/ Lil Wayne

267,000
5

I’m Yours (Album Vers.)/ Jason Mraz

2,599,000 5

Fearless/ Taylor Swift

225,000
6

No Air/ Jordin Sparks Duet w/ Chris Brown

2,586,000 6

Soundtrack/ Twilight

214,000
7

So What/ Pink

2,343,000 7

We Sing We Dance…/ Jason Mraz

184,000
8

Pocketful Of Sunshine/ Natasha Bedingfield

2,275,000 8

808s & Heartbreak/ Kanye West

183,000
9

Hot N Cold/ Katy Perry

2,252,000 9

Circus/ Britney Spears

172,000
10.

4 Minutes/ Madonna Feat. Justin Timberlake

2,241,000 10.

Death Magnetic/ Metallica

158,000
 
           

TOP TEN SELLING ALBUMS DURING 2008 HOLIDAY SEASON

(11/17//2008-12/28/2008)

2008 TOP TEN INTERNET ALBUMS

(12/31/2007-12/28/2008)

 

Title/Artist

Units Sold

Artist

Units Sold

1

Fearless/ Taylor Swift

1,520,000 1

Death Magnetic/ Metallica

144,000
2

I Am…Sasha Fierce/ Beyonce

1,458,000 2

Little Bit Longer/ Jonas Brothers

119,000
3

Dark Horse/ Nickelback

1,165,000 3

Viva La Vida/ Coldplay

112,000
4

Circus/ Britney Spears

1,104,000 4

Fearless/ Taylor Swift

82,000
5

808s & Heartbreak/ Kanye West

1,023,000 5

Winter Came/ Enya

75,000
6

Soundtrack/ Twilight

856,000 6

Soundtrack/ Twilight

74,000
7

David Cook/ David Cook

811,000 7

Black Ice/ AC/DC

62,000
8

Noel/ Josh Groban

767,000 8

Promise/ Il Divo

62,000
9

Now 29/ Various

725,000 9

Soundtrack/ High School Musical 3:

56,000
10.

Black Ice/ AC/DC

595,000 10.

David Cook/ David Cook

55,000
 
           

2008 TOP TEN VINYL ALBUMS

(12/31/2007-12/28/2008)

2008 TOP TEN VINYL ARTISTS

(based on vinyl album sales from 12/31/2007-12/28/2008)

 

Title/Artist

Units Sold

Artist

Units Sold

1

In Rainbows/ Radiohead

25,800 1 Radiohead 61,200
2

Abbey Road/ Beatles

16,500 2 Metallica 39,500
3

Chinese Democracy/ Guns ‘N Roses

13,600 3 Beatles 20,400
4

Funplex/ B-52’s

12,800 4 Elliott Smith 17,800
5

Third/ Portishead

12,300 5 Bob Dylan 15,200
6

In the Aeroplane…/ Neutral Milk Hotel

10,200 6 Portishead 15,100
7

Dark Side of the Moon/ Pink Floyd

10,200 7 Ryan Adams 14,000
8

Fleet Foxes/ Fleet Foxes

9,600 8 Coldplay 13,900
9

Death Magnetic/ Metallica

9,400 9 Guns ‘N Roses 13,600
10.

O.K. Computer/ Radiohead

9,300 10. Neutral Milk Hotel 13,200
 

TOP SELLERS IN SOUNDSCAN ERA:

           

TOP TEN SELLING ARTISTS OF SOUNDSCAN ERA

(1991-12/28/2008)

TOP TEN SELLING ALBUMS OF SOUNDSCAN ERA

(1991–12/28/2008)

 

Title/Artist

Units Sold

Artist

Units Sold

1 Garth Brooks

68,143,000

1

Come On Over/ Shania Twain

15,473,000
2 Beatles 57,088,000 2

Metallica/ Metallica

15,319,000
3 Mariah Carey 51,569,000 3

Jagged Little Pill/ Alanis Morissette

14,607,000
4 Metallica 51,136,000 4

Millennium/ Backstreet Boys

12,104,000
5 Celine Dion 50,571,000 5

Soundtrack/ Bodyguard

11,805,000
6 George Strait 40,619,000 6

Supernatural/ Santana

11,673,000
7 Tim McGraw 37,591,000 7

Human Clay/ Creed

11,525,000
8 Alan Jackson 36,520,000 8

Beatles 1/ Beatles

11,345,000
9 Pink Floyd 35,213,000 9

No Strings Attached/ N Sync

11,109,000
10. Shania Twain 33,707,000 10.

Falling Into You/ Celine Dion

10,777,000
 
           

TOP TEN SELLING DIGITAL SONGS OF SOUNDSCAN ERA

(7/4/2004-12/28/2008)

TOP TEN SELLING DIGITAL ALBUMS OF SOUNDSCAN ERA

(7/4/2004–12/28/2008)

 

Title/Artist

Units Sold

Artist

Units Sold

1

Low/ Flo Rida Feat. T-Pain

4,530,000 1

Viva La Vida/ Coldplay

617,000
2

Apologize/ Timbaland Feat. OneRepublic

4,009,000 2

Continuum/ John Mayer

386,000
3

Crank That(Soulja Boy)/ Soulja Boy Tell’Em

3,968,000 3

Back To Black/ Amy Winehouse

352,000
4

Bleeding Love/ Leona Lewis

3,434,000 4

Daughtry/ Daughtry

346,000
5

Stronger/ Kanye West

3,288,000 5

Sleep Through the Static/ Jack Johnson

325,000
6

Hey There Delilah/ Plain White T’s

3,244,000 6

It Won’t Be Soon Before…/ Maroon 5

320,000
7

Lollipop/ Lil Wayne Feat. Static Major

3,161,000 7

Soundtrack/ Juno

317,000
8

Big Girls Don’t Cry/ Fergie

3,148,000 8

Futuresex/Love Sounds/ Justin Timberlake

312,000
9

Umbrella/ Rihanna Feat. Jay-Z

3,122,000 9

In Between Dreams/ Jack Johnson

310,000
10.

Sexyback/ Justin Timberlake Feat. Timbaland

3,037,000 10.

Graduation/ Kanye West

303,000
 

2008 Year End Factoids:

  • Music purchases in 2008 reached 1.5 Billion, marking the fourth consecutive year music sales have exceeded 1 billion; 1.4 billion (2007) vs. 1.2 billion (2006) vs. 1 billion (2005).
  • Music sales exceeded 65 million in the final week of 2008, representing the biggest sales week in the history of Nielsen SoundScan. The previous record was Christmas week 2007 with 58.4 million music purchases.
  • Overall Album sales (including Albums and Track Equivalent Album sales) declined 8.5% compared to 2007.
  • Total Album sales declined 14% compared to 2007.
  • Metallica’s “Death Magnetic” is the best selling Internet album for the year with 144,000 sales.
  • During 2008, more Vinyl Albums were purchased (1.88 million) than any other year in the history of Nielsen SoundScan. The previous record was in 2000, with 1.5 million LP album sales.
    • Note that more than 2 out of every 3 vinyl albums were purchased at an independent music store during the year.

Digital Factoids:

  • Digital Track sales break the 1 BILLION sales mark for the first time with more than 1,070,000 digital track sales. The previous record was 844 million digital track purchases during 2007; an increase of 27% over 2007.
  • Digital Album sales reached an all-time high with more than 65 million sales in 2008; up from 50 million in 2007; an increase of 32% over the previous year.
    • Note that digital album sales account for 15% of total album sales compared to 10% in 2007 and 5.5% in 2006.
  • In the final reporting week of 2008 the following digital sales records were broken:
    • Digital Track sales surpassed 47.7 million. The previous sales record was 42.9 million, week of 12/23-12/30/07.
    • Digital Album sales this week broke the two million mark for the first time with sales of 2.4 million sales; breaking the previous record of 1.9 million (12/30/07).
    • The top 200 digital songs for the week posted an all-time high with 13.6 million sales; breaking the previous record of 11.9 million during the last week of 2007.
    • The first time that the Top 5 digital songs (combining all versions of the same song) sold more than 300,000 downloads in a week with Lady Gaga’s “Just Dance” selling 419,000. The record for most downloads for a digital song in one week continues to be Flo Rida’s “Low” with sales of 467,000 set during the last week of 2007.
  • 2008 is the first time a digital song broke the 3 million sales mark in a single year. There were 2 songs that achieved this milestone; Leona Lewis’ “Bleeding Love” and Lil Wayne’s “Lollipop;” with sales of 3.4 and 3.2 million respectively.
  • In 2008, there are 19 different digital songs with sales that exceeded 2 million compared to 9 in 2007.
  • 71 Digital Songs exceed the 1 million sales mark for the year compared to 41 digital songs in 2007, 22 in 2006, and only 2 digital songs in 2005.
  • Rihanna is the biggest selling digital artist in 2008 with nearly 10 million track sales compared to Fergie in 2007 who had 7.5 million track sales.
  • There are more than 450,000 different physical albums that sold at least one copy over the Internet during 2008 compared to 390,000 in 2007.

Best Seller Factoids:

  • Lil Wayne’s Tha Carter III is the biggest selling album of the year with 2.8 million sales.
  • Taylor Swift is the biggest selling solo artist, with sales greater than 4.0 million albums and AC/DC is the biggest selling group in 2008 with sales of 3.4 million.
    • Taylor Swift stands at the top of the list, marking the 2nd time in the last three years that a country artist is the top selling artist for the year. Rascal Flatts was the biggest selling artist in 2006 with 5 million sales. Josh Groban took the honors last year (2007) with 4.8 million sales.
  • Taylor Swift’s Fearless and her self-titled album finished the year at #3 and #6 respectively with sales of 2.1 and 1.5 million. This is the first time in the history of Nielsen SoundScan one artist had two different albums in the Top 10 on the year end album chart

Holiday Season Factoids: (last 6 weeks of year).

  • Overall Album sales during the 2008 holiday season were down 19% compared to 2007, with sales of just over 80 million.
  • Album sales during the holiday season accounted for 19% of all album sales for the year.
  • Digital Album sales during the holiday season experienced significant growth over 2007 with an increase of 37% to 9.9 million sales.

Strata Factoids:

  • Album sales at Non-Traditional music outlets (digital, internet, mail order, venue, non-traditional retailers) hit an all-time high in 2008 with sales breaking the 100 million mark for the first time. Non-Traditional is the only strata that experienced album growth over the previous year; with an increase of 15% over 2007.
    • Non-traditional outlets account for nearly 25% of all album sales, compared to 18% in 2007, 12% in 2006, 9% in 2005 and 5% in 2004 (4% in 2003).
    • Digital services account for 65% of the Non-Traditional album sales.
  • The last two weeks of the year produced the two biggest album sales weeks for Non-Traditional outlets; 3.3 and 3.2 million sales.
  • The percentage of album sales at mass merchants declined for the second straight year after experiencing year over year growth from 2002 – 2006. In 2008, 37% of all albums purchased were at a Mass Merchant outlet compared to 40% in 2007, 41% in 2006, 40% in 2005.
  • Chain music stores account for 33% of all album sales in 2008; compared to 36% in 2007; 41% in 2006, 45% in 2005 and 48% in 2004.
  • Album sales at Independent music stores account for 7% of all album sales; up 1 point from a year ago (6% in 2007 and 2006, 7% in 2005 and 9% in 2004).

Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems (Nielsen BDS), the music industry’s leading music performance monitoring service, has announced the most played songs at radio, at video, as well as Internet music streams for 2008.

           

Nielsen BDS: Top 10 Most Played Songs

Nielsen BDS: 2008 Top 10 Artist Airplay

 

Title/Artist

Detections

Artist

Detections

1

Bleeding Love/ Leona Lewis

468,000 1 Rihanna 889,000
2

Low/ Flo Rida Feat. T-Pain

410,000 2 Rascal Flatts 827,000
3

Love Song/ Sara Bareilles

398,000 3 Toby Keith 826,000
4

Apologize/ Timbaland feat. OneRepublic

383,000 4 Chris Brown 818,000
5

With You/ Chris Brown

369,000 5 George Strait 777,000
6

No Air/ Jordin Sparks Duet w/ Chris Brown

365,000 6 Tim McGraw 776,000
7

Love In This Club/ Usher feat. Young Jeezy

364,000 7 Alicia Keys 771,000
8

No One/ Alicia Keys

362,000 8 Taylor Swift 746,000
9

Lollipop/ Lil Wayne feat. Static Major

342,000 9 Alan Jackson 741,000
10.

Sexy Can I/ Ray J & Yung Berg

341,000 10. Daughtry 734,000
 
           

Nielsen BDS: Top 10 Music Video Internet Streams

Nielsen BDS: Top 10 Internet Streamed Songs

 

Title/Artist

Streams

Title/Artist

Streams

1

Touch My Body/ Mariah Carey

7,399,000 1

Bleeding Love/ Leona Lewis

10,699,000
2

Don’t Stop The Music/ Rihanna

7,337,000 2

Love Song/ Sara Bareilles

10,558,000
3

No One/ Alicia Keys

6,290,000 3

Low/ Flo Rida Feat. T-Pain

9,837,000
4

Bleeding Love/ Leona Lewis

5,750,000 4

No One/ Alicia Keys

9,680,000
5

Lollipop/ Lil Wayne feat. Static Major

4,924,000 5

With You/ Chris Brown

8,971,000
6

Apologize/ Timbaland feat. OneRepublic

4,469,000 6

Sorry/ Buckcherry

8,940,000
7

Piece of Me/ Britney Spears

4,385,000 7

Love In This Club/ Usher feat. Young Jeezy

8,892,000
8

No Air/ Jordin Sparks Duet w/ Chris Brown

4,348,000 8

Touch My Body/ Mariah Carey

8,675,000
9

With You/ Chris Brown

4,121,000 9

No Air/ Jordin Sparks Duet w/ Chris Brown

8,160,000
10.

Tattoo/ Jordin Sparks

4,086,000 10.

Stop and Stare/ OneRepublic

8,004,000
 

Nielsen RingScan has announced the Top Selling Mastertones and Polyphonic ringtones for 2008.

           

Nielsen RingScan: Top 10 Mastertones

(12/31/2007-12/28/2008)

Nielsen RingScan: Top 10 Polyphonic Ringtones

(12/31/2007-12/28/2008)

 

Title/Artist

Sales

Title/Artist

Sales

1

Lollipop/ Lil Wayne

2,365,000 1

Adios Amor Te Vas/ Grupo Montez De

85,000
2

Whatever You Like/ T.I.

1,627,000 2

Super Mario Bros./ Koji Kondo

68,000
3

Low/ Flo Rida

1,607,000 3

Pink Panther/ Henry Mancini

64,000
4

I Kissed A Girl/ Katy Perry

1,138,000 4

Candy Shop/ 50 Cent

53,000
5

Love In This Club/ Usher feat. Young Jeezy

1,013,000 5

Because I Got High/ Afroman

52,000
6

Bleeding Love/ Leona Lewis

922,000 6

Crank Dat Soulja Boy/ Soulja Boy

47,000
7

With You/ Chris Brown

892,000 7

Rockstar/ Nickelback

40,000
8

Bust It Baby/ Plies

891,000 8

Best Friend/ 50 Cent

39,000
9

Sexy Can I/ Ray J

852,000 9

I Ain’t Mad At Cha/ 2Pac

36,000
10.

Take A Bow/ Rihanna

844,000 10.

Bed/ J Holiday

35,000
 

Nielsen RingScan Factoids:

  • During the last week of the year (Christmas week), ringtone purchases increased by 15% over the previous week (consistent with sales spike during the last week of 2007 and 2006).
  • Mastertone purchases account for 95% of all ringtone sales in 2008; up from 91% in 2007.
  • The top 100 Mastertone ringers sold 43.8 million, accounting for 26% of all ringtone sales for the year; down from 30% in 2007.

Contacts

Scoop Marketing
Larry Solters or Anna Loynes, 213-639-6167

Contacts

Scoop Marketing
Larry Solters or Anna Loynes, 213-639-6167