IBM Reports 2019 Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year Results

Revenue Growth Driven by Accelerated Cloud Performance; Strong Gross Margin Expansion

Highlights

Fourth Quarter:

  • GAAP EPS from continuing operations of $4.11
  • Operating (non-GAAP) EPS of $4.71
  • Revenue of $21.8 billion, up 0.1 percent
    -- up 1 percent adjusting for currency
    -- up 3 percent adjusting for divested businesses and currency
  • Red Hat revenue, up 24 percent, normalized for historical comparability
  • Revenue growth in Cloud & Cognitive Software and Systems segments
    -- Cloud & Cognitive Software up 9 percent
    -- Systems up 16 percent
  • Total cloud revenue of $6.8 billion, up 21 percent (up 23 percent adjusting for divested businesses and currency)
  • GAAP gross profit margin up 190 basis points; Operating (non-GAAP) gross profit margin up 230 basis points
  • Debt reduced by $10 billion since closing the Red Hat acquisition

Full Year:

  • GAAP EPS from continuing operations of $10.57; Operating (non-GAAP) EPS of $12.81
  • Revenue of $77.1 billion, down 3.1 percent (up 0.2 percent adjusting for divested businesses and currency)
  • Total cloud revenue of $21.2 billion, up 11 percent (up 14 percent adjusting for divested businesses and currency)
  • Net cash from operating activities of $14.8 billion and free cash flow of $11.9 billion

2020 Expectations:

  • GAAP EPS of at least $10.57; Operating (non-GAAP) EPS of at least $13.35
  • Free cash flow of approximately $12.5 billion

ARMONK, N.Y.--()-- 

IBM (NYSE: IBM) today announced fourth-quarter and full-year 2019 earnings results.

“We ended 2019 on a strong note, returning to overall revenue growth in the quarter, led by accelerated cloud performance," said Ginni Rometty, IBM chairman, president and chief executive officer. "Looking ahead, this positions us for sustained revenue growth in 2020 as we continue to help our clients shift their mission-critical workloads to the hybrid cloud and scale their efforts to become a cognitive enterprise.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FOURTH QUARTER 2019

 

 

 

Results Reflect the Impact of Items Related to

 

 

 

the Red Hat Acquisition Closed in July 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax

 

Gross

 

 

 

Diluted

 

Net

 

Pre-tax

 

Income

 

Profit

 

 

 

EPS

 

Income

 

Income

 

Margin

 

Margin

 

GAAP from Continuing Operations

 

$

4.11

 

$

3.7B

 

$

4.0B

 

18.3

%

51.0

%

Year/Year *

 

 

91

%

 

88

%

 

(10)

%

(2.0)

Pts

1.9

Pts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating (Non-GAAP)

 

$

4.71

 

$

4.2B

 

$

4.7B

 

21.6

%

51.8

%

Year/Year

 

 

(3)

%

 

(5)

%

 

(7)

%

(1.5)

Pts

2.3

Pts

* GAAP Diluted EPS and Net Income include charges related to the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 of $1.9 billion in 2018.

“In 2019, we continued to invest in the higher-value growth areas of the industry and took bold actions including several divestitures and a major acquisition to position our business, which are reflected in our strong gross margin performance," said James Kavanaugh, IBM senior vice president and chief financial officer. "After completing the acquisition of Red Hat, and with strong free cash flow and disciplined financial management, we significantly deleveraged in the second half.”

Cash Flow and Balance Sheet

In the fourth quarter, the company generated net cash from operating activities of $3.5 billion, or $6.7 billion excluding Global Financing receivables. IBM’s free cash flow was $6.0 billion. IBM returned $1.4 billion to shareholders in dividends.

For the full year, the company generated net cash from operating activities of $14.8 billion, or $14.3 billion excluding Global Financing receivables, and full-year free cash flow of $11.9 billion. IBM returned $7.1 billion to shareholders through $5.7 billion in dividends and $1.4 billion of gross share repurchases.

IBM ended the fourth quarter with $9.0 billion of cash on hand which includes marketable securities. Debt, including Global Financing debt of $24.7 billion, totaled $62.9 billion – down $3.4 billion since the end of the third quarter, down $10.1 billion since the end of the second quarter.

Segment Results for Fourth Quarter

  • Cloud & Cognitive Software (includes Cloud & Data Platforms which includes Red Hat; Cognitive Applications; and Transaction Processing Platforms) — revenues of $7.2 billion, up 8.7 percent (up 9.4 percent adjusting for currency), led by cloud, Security, and IoT; Cloud & Data Platforms, up 19 percent (up 20 percent adjusting for currency); Cognitive Applications, up 1 percent; Transaction Processing Platforms, up 3 percent (up 4 percent adjusting for currency).
  • Global Business Services (includes Consulting, Application Management and Global Process Services) — revenues of $4.2 billion, down 0.6 percent (down 0.3 percent adjusting for currency), with growth in Consulting, up 4 percent.
  • Global Technology Services (includes Infrastructure & Cloud Services and Technology Support Services) — revenues of $6.9 billion, down 4.8 percent (down 4.0 percent adjusting for currency).
  • Systems (includes Systems Hardware and Operating Systems Software) — revenues of $3.0 billion, up 16.0 percent (up 16.5 percent adjusting for currency), led by IBM Z, up 62 percent (up 63 percent adjusting for currency); Storage Systems revenue grew 3 percent.
  • Global Financing (includes financing and used equipment sales) — revenues of $301 million, down 25.3 percent (down 24.9 percent adjusting for currency); revenue reflects the wind-down of OEM commercial financing.

Full-Year 2019 Results

Full-year results reflect the impact of items related to the Red Hat acquisition closed in July 2019. Consolidated diluted earnings per share was $10.56 compared to $9.52 for 2018, up 11 percent year to year. Consolidated net income was $9.4 billion, up 8 percent year to year. Revenues for the full year totaled $77.1 billion, a decrease of 3.1 percent year to year (up 0.2 percent adjusting for divested businesses and currency) compared with $79.6 billion for the full-year 2018.

Operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings per share from continuing operations was $12.81 compared with $13.81 per diluted share for the 2018 period, a decrease of 7 percent. Operating (non-GAAP) net income for the full year was $11.4 billion compared with $12.7 billion in the prior-year period, a decrease of 10 percent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FULL YEAR 2019

 

 

 

Results Reflect the Impact of Items Related to

 

 

 

the Red Hat Acquisition Closed in July 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax

 

Gross

 

 

 

Diluted

 

Net

 

Pre-tax

 

Income

 

Profit

 

 

 

EPS

 

Income

 

Income

 

Margin

 

Margin

 

GAAP from Continuing Operations

 

$

10.57

 

$

9.4B

 

$

10.2B

 

13.2

%

47.3

%

Year/Year *

 

 

11

%

 

8

%

 

(10)

%

(1.1)

Pts

0.9

Pts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating (Non-GAAP)

 

$

12.81

 

$

11.4B

 

$

12.5B

 

16.2

%

48.0

%

Year/Year

 

 

(7)

%

 

(10)

%

 

(9)

%

(1.1)

Pts

1.1

Pts

* GAAP Diluted EPS and Net Income include charges related to the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 of $2.0 billion in 2018 versus $0.1 billion in 2019.

Full-Year 2020 Expectations

The company expects GAAP diluted earnings per share of at least $10.57, and operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings per share of at least $13.35. Operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings per share excludes $2.78 per share of charges for: amortization of purchased intangible assets and other acquisition-related charges, including pre-closing charges, such as financing costs; retirement-related charges; and tax reform enactment impacts. IBM expects free cash flow of approximately $12.5 billion.

Forward-Looking and Cautionary Statements

Except for the historical information and discussions contained herein, statements contained in this release may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are based on the company’s current assumptions regarding future business and financial performance. These statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially, including, but not limited to, the following: a downturn in economic environment and client spending budgets; the company’s failure to meet growth and productivity objectives; a failure of the company’s innovation initiatives; damage to the company’s reputation; risks from investing in growth opportunities; failure of the company’s intellectual property portfolio to prevent competitive offerings and the failure of the company to obtain necessary licenses; cybersecurity and data privacy considerations; fluctuations in financial results, impact of local legal, economic, political and health conditions; adverse effects from environmental matters, tax matters and the company’s pension plans; ineffective internal controls; the company’s use of accounting estimates; the company’s ability to attract and retain key employees and its reliance on critical skills; impacts of relationships with critical suppliers; product quality issues; impacts of business with government clients; currency fluctuations and customer financing risks; impact of changes in market liquidity conditions and customer credit risk on receivables; reliance on third party distribution channels and ecosystems; the company’s ability to successfully manage acquisitions, alliances and dispositions, including integration challenges, failure to achieve objectives, the assumption of liabilities, and higher debt levels; legal proceedings and investigatory risks; risk factors related to IBM securities; and other risks, uncertainties and factors discussed in the company’s Form 10‑Qs, Form 10‑K and in the company’s other filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) or in materials incorporated therein by reference. Any forward-looking statement in this release speaks only as of the date on which it is made. Except as required by law, the company assumes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements.

Presentation of Information in this Press Release

In an effort to provide investors with additional information regarding the company’s results as determined by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), the company has also disclosed in this press release the following non-GAAP information, which management believes provides useful information to investors:

IBM results —

  • adjusting for currency (i.e., at constant currency);
  • total revenue and cloud revenue adjusting for divested businesses and currency;
  • revenue for Red Hat normalized for historical comparability;
  • presenting operating (non-GAAP) earnings per share amounts and related income statement items;
  • adjusting for free cash flow;
  • net cash from operating activities, excluding Global Financing receivables.

Free cash flow guidance is derived using an estimate of profit, working capital and operational cash outflows. The company views Global Financing receivables as a profit-generating investment, which it seeks to maximize and therefore it is not considered when formulating guidance for free cash flow. As a result, the company does not estimate a GAAP Net Cash from Operations expectation metric.

The rationale for management’s use of these non-GAAP measures is included in Exhibit 99.2 in the Form 8‑K that includes this press release and is being submitted today to the SEC.

Conference Call and Webcast

IBM’s regular quarterly earnings conference call is scheduled to begin at 5:00 p.m. EST, today. The Webcast may be accessed via a link at http://www.ibm.com/investor/events/earnings/4q19.html. Presentation charts will be available shortly before the Webcast.

Financial Results Below (certain amounts may not add due to use of rounded numbers; percentages presented are calculated from the underlying whole-dollar amounts).

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION

COMPARATIVE FINANCIAL RESULTS

(Unaudited; Dollars in millions except per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

Year Ended

 

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

REVENUE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cloud & Cognitive Software

 

$

7,238

 

$

6,661

 

*

 

$

23,200

 

$

22,209

 

*

Global Business Services

 

 

4,243

 

 

4,269

 

*

 

 

16,634

 

 

16,595

 

*

Global Technology Services

 

 

6,949

 

 

7,299

 

*

 

 

27,361

 

 

29,146

 

*

Systems

 

 

3,042

 

 

2,621

 

 

 

 

7,604

 

 

8,034

 

 

Global Financing

 

 

301

 

 

402

 

 

 

 

1,400

 

 

1,590

 

 

Other

 

 

4

 

 

507

 

*

 

 

948

 

 

2,018

 

*

TOTAL REVENUE

 

 

21,777

 

 

21,760

 

 

 

 

77,147

 

 

79,591

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GROSS PROFIT

 

 

11,100

 

 

10,687

 

 

 

 

36,488

 

 

36,936

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GROSS PROFIT MARGIN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cloud & Cognitive Software

 

 

79.2

%

 

79.4

%

*

 

 

76.7

%

 

77.6

%

*

Global Business Services

 

 

27.5

%

 

27.8

%

*

 

 

27.7

%

 

26.8

%

*

Global Technology Services

 

 

35.2

%

 

34.9

%

*

 

 

34.8

%

 

34.4

%

*

Systems

 

 

56.0

%

 

50.8

%

 

 

 

53.1

%

 

49.8

%

 

Global Financing

 

 

35.6

%

 

29.1

%

 

 

 

35.6

%

 

29.1

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL GROSS PROFIT MARGIN

 

 

51.0

%

 

49.1

%

 

 

 

47.3

%

 

46.4

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EXPENSE AND OTHER INCOME

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S,G&A

 

 

5,433

 

 

4,701

 

 

 

 

20,604

 

 

19,366

 

 

R,D&E

 

 

1,596

 

 

1,358

 

 

 

 

5,989

 

 

5,379

 

 

Intellectual property and custom development income

 

 

(159)

 

 

(184)

 

 

 

 

(648)

 

 

(1,026)

 

 

Other (income) and expense

 

 

(117)

 

 

185

 

 

 

 

(968)

 

 

1,152

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

354

 

 

193

 

 

 

 

1,344

 

 

723

 

 

TOTAL EXPENSE AND OTHER INCOME

 

 

7,107

 

 

6,253

 

 

 

 

26,322

 

 

25,594

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BEFORE INCOME TAXES

 

 

3,993

 

 

4,434

 

 

 

 

10,166

 

 

11,342

 

 

Pre-tax margin

 

 

18.3

%

 

20.4

%

 

 

 

13.2

%

 

14.3

%

 

Provision for / (Benefit from) income taxes

 

 

324

 

 

2,481

 

 

 

 

731

 

 

2,619

 

 

Effective tax rate

 

 

8.1

%

 

55.9

%

 

 

 

7.2

%

 

23.1

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS

 

$

3,669

 

$

1,954

 

 

 

$

9,435

 

$

8,723

 

 

DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income / (Loss) from discontinued operations, net of taxes

 

 

0

 

 

(2)

 

 

 

 

(4)

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NET INCOME

 

$

3,670

 

$

1,951

 

 

 

$

9,431

 

$

8,728

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EARNINGS / (LOSS) PER SHARE OF COMMON STOCK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assuming Dilution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continuing Operations

 

$

4.11

 

$

2.15

 

 

 

$

10.57

 

$

9.51

 

 

Discontinued Operations

 

$

0.00

 

$

0.00

 

 

 

$

(0.01)

 

$

0.01

 

 

TOTAL

 

$

4.11

 

$

2.15

 

 

 

$

10.56

 

$

9.52

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continuing Operations

 

$

4.14

 

$

2.17

 

 

 

$

10.63

 

$

9.56

 

 

Discontinued Operations

 

$

0.00

 

$

0.00

 

 

 

$

0.00

 

$

0.01

 

 

TOTAL

 

$

4.14

 

$

2.17

 

 

 

$

10.63

 

$

9.57

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING (M’s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assuming Dilution

 

 

893.7

 

 

905.2

 

 

 

 

892.8

 

 

916.3

 

 

Basic

 

 

887.1

 

 

901.3

 

 

 

 

887.2

 

 

912.0

 

 

_____________________________
* Recast to conform with 2019 presentation.

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At

 

At

 

 

December 31,

 

December 31,

(Dollars in Millions)

 

2019

 

2018

ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

8,172

 

$

11,379

Restricted cash

 

 

141

 

 

225

Marketable securities

 

 

696

 

 

618

Notes and accounts receivable - trade, net

 

 

7,870

 

 

7,432

Short-term financing receivables, net

 

 

14,192

 

 

22,388

Other accounts receivable, net

 

 

1,733

 

 

743

Inventories

 

 

1,619

 

 

1,682

Deferred costs

 

 

1,896

 

 

2,300

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

2,101

 

 

2,378

Total Current Assets

 

 

38,420

 

 

49,146

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

 

10,010

 

 

10,792

Operating right-of-use assets, net*

 

 

4,996

 

 

Long-term financing receivables, net

 

 

8,712

 

 

9,148

Prepaid pension assets

 

 

6,865

 

 

4,666

Deferred costs

 

 

2,472

 

 

2,676

Deferred taxes

 

 

5,182

 

 

5,216

Goodwill and intangibles, net

 

 

73,456

 

 

39,353

Investments and sundry assets

 

 

2,074

 

 

2,386

Total Assets

 

$

152,186

 

$

123,382

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taxes

 

$

2,839

 

$

3,046

Short-term debt

 

 

8,797

 

 

10,207

Accounts payable

 

 

4,896

 

 

6,558

Deferred income

 

 

12,026

 

 

11,165

Operating lease liabilities*

 

 

1,380

 

 

Other liabilities

 

 

7,763

 

 

7,251

Total Current Liabilities

 

 

37,701

 

 

38,227

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt

 

 

54,102

 

 

35,605

Retirement related obligations

 

 

17,142

 

 

17,002

Deferred income

 

 

3,851

 

 

3,445

Operating lease liabilities*

 

 

3,879

 

 

Other liabilities

 

 

14,526

 

 

12,174

Total Liabilities

 

 

131,202

 

 

106,452

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EQUITY:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IBM Stockholders’ Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock

 

 

55,895

 

 

55,151

Retained earnings

 

 

162,954

 

 

159,206

Treasury stock — at cost

 

 

(169,413)

 

 

(168,071)

Accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)

 

 

(28,597)

 

 

(29,490)

Total IBM Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

20,841

 

 

16,796

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noncontrolling interests

 

 

144

 

 

134

Total Equity

 

 

20,985

 

 

16,929

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Equity

 

$

152,186

 

$

123,382

_____________________________
* Reflects the adoption of the FASB guidance on leases.

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION

CASH FLOW ANALYSIS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Year Ended

 

 

December 31,

 

December 31,

(Dollars in Millions)

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities per GAAP:

 

$

3,451

 

$

4,119

 

$

14,770

 

 

15,247

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less: change in Global Financing (GF) Receivables

 

 

(3,220)

 

 

(3,219)

 

 

491

 

 

(345)

Capital Expenditures, Net

 

 

(645)

 

 

(877)

 

 

(2,370)

 

 

(3,716)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Free Cash Flow

 

 

6,027

 

 

6,460

 

 

11,909

 

 

11,876

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisitions

 

 

 

 

(16)

 

 

(32,630)

 

 

(139)

Divestitures

 

 

149

 

 

 

 

1,076

 

 

Dividends

 

 

(1,438)

 

 

(1,416)

 

 

(5,707)

 

 

(5,666)

Share Repurchase

 

 

 

 

(2,050)

 

 

(1,361)

 

 

(4,443)

Non-GF Debt

 

 

(5,640)

 

 

(2,128)

 

 

22,792

 

 

(521)

Other (includes GF Net Receivables and GF Debt)

 

 

(1,046)

 

 

(3,291)

 

 

709

 

 

(1,727)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in Cash, Cash Equivalents, Restricted Cash and Short-term Marketable Securities

 

$

(1,948)

 

 

(2,440)

 

$

(3,213)

 

 

(620)

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION

CASH FLOW

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Year Ended

 

 

December 31,

 

December 31,

(Dollars in Millions)

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Net Income from Operations

 

$

3,670

 

$

1,951

 

$

9,431

 

$

8,728

Depreciation/Amortization of Intangibles

 

 

1,650

 

 

1,111

 

 

6,059

 

 

4,479

Stock-based Compensation

 

 

210

 

 

139

 

 

679

 

 

510

Working Capital / Other

 

 

1,142

 

 

4,135

 

 

(1,890)

 

 

1,874

Global Financing A/R

 

 

(3,220)

 

 

(3,219)

 

 

491

 

 

(345)

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

 

$

3,451

 

$

4,119

 

$

14,770

 

$

15,247

Capital Expenditures, net of payments & proceeds

 

 

(645)

 

 

(877)

 

 

(2,370)

 

 

(3,716)

Divestitures, net of cash transferred

 

 

149

 

 

 

 

1,076

 

 

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 

 

 

 

(16)

 

 

(32,630)

 

 

(139)

Marketable Securities / Other Investments, net

 

 

624

 

 

1,348

 

 

6,988

 

 

(1,058)

Net Cash Provided by / (Used in) Investing Activities

 

$

127

 

$

455

 

$

(26,936)

 

$

(4,913)

Debt, net of payments & proceeds

 

 

(4,181)

 

 

(1,145)

 

 

16,284

 

 

(300)

Dividends

 

 

(1,438)

 

 

(1,416)

 

 

(5,707)

 

 

(5,666)

Common Stock Repurchases

 

 

 

 

(2,050)

 

 

(1,361)

 

 

(4,443)

Common Stock Transactions - Other

 

 

(55)

 

 

5

 

 

(173)

 

 

(60)

Net Cash Provided by / (Used in) Financing Activities

 

$

(5,674)

 

$

(4,605)

 

$

9,042

 

$

(10,469)

Effect of Exchange Rate changes on Cash

 

 

185

 

 

(95)

 

 

(167)

 

 

(495)

Net Change in Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

 

$

(1,911)

 

$

(127)

 

$

(3,290)

 

$

(630)

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION

SEGMENT DATA

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Cloud &

 

Global

 

Global

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cognitive

 

Business

 

Technology

 

 

 

 

Global

 

(Dollars in Millions)

 

Software

 

Services

 

Services

 

Systems

 

Financing

 

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

External

 

$

7,238

 

$

4,243

 

$

6,949

 

$

3,042

 

$

301

 

Internal

 

 

692

 

 

65

 

 

278

 

 

198

 

 

348

 

Total Segment Revenue

 

$

7,930

 

$

4,308

 

$

7,227

 

$

3,240

 

$

649

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax Income / (Loss) from Continuing Operations

 

 

2,901

 

 

478

 

 

645

 

 

802

 

 

252

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax margin

 

 

36.6

%

 

11.1

%

 

8.9

%

 

24.8

%

 

38.9

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change YTY Revenue - External

 

 

8.7

%

 

(0.6)

%

 

(4.8)

%

 

16.0

%

 

(25.3)

%

Change YTY Revenue - External @constant currency

 

 

9.4

%

 

(0.3)

%

 

(4.0)

%

 

16.5

%

 

(24.9)

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31, 2018

 

 

 

Cloud &

 

Global

 

Global

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cognitive

 

Business

 

Technology

 

 

 

 

Global

 

(Dollars in Millions)

 

Software*

 

Services*

 

Services*

 

Systems

 

Financing

 

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

External

 

$

6,661

 

$

4,269

 

$

7,299

 

$

2,621

 

$

402

 

Internal

 

 

672

 

 

77

 

 

283

 

 

238

 

 

370

 

Total Segment Revenue

 

$

7,334

 

$

4,346

 

$

7,583

 

$

2,860

 

$

773

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax Income / (Loss) from Continuing Operations

 

 

3,122

 

 

566

 

 

656

 

 

551

 

 

319

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax margin

 

 

42.6

%

 

13.0

%

 

8.7

%

 

19.3

%

 

41.3

%

_____________________________
* Recast to conform with 2019 presentation.

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION

SEGMENT DATA

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Cloud &

 

Global

 

Global

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cognitive

 

Business

 

Technology

 

 

 

 

Global

 

(Dollars in Millions)

 

Software

 

Services

 

Services

 

Systems

 

Financing

 

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

External

 

$

23,200

 

$

16,634

 

$

27,361

 

$

7,604

 

$

1,400

 

Internal

 

 

2,827

 

 

278

 

 

1,157

 

 

726

 

 

1,232

 

Total Segment Revenue

 

$

26,027

 

$

16,911

 

$

28,518

 

$

8,330

 

$

2,632

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax Income / (Loss) from Continuing Operations

 

 

7,952

 

 

1,666

 

 

1,645

 

 

701

 

 

1,055

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax margin

 

 

30.6

%

 

9.9

%

 

5.8

%

 

8.4

%

 

40.1

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change YTY Revenue - External

 

 

4.5

%

 

0.2

%

 

(6.1)

%

 

(5.3)

%

 

(11.9)

%

Change YTY Revenue - External @constant currency

 

 

6.2

%

 

2.4

%

 

(3.7)

%

 

(4.1)

%

 

(10.0)

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31, 2018

 

 

 

Cloud &

 

Global

 

Global

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cognitive

 

Business

 

Technology

 

 

 

 

Global

 

(Dollars in Millions)

 

Software*

 

Services*

 

Services*

 

Systems

 

Financing

 

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

External

 

$

22,209

 

$

16,595

 

$

29,146

 

$

8,034

 

$

1,590

 

Internal

 

 

3,190

 

 

326

 

 

872

 

 

815

 

 

1,610

 

Total Segment Revenue

 

$

25,399

 

$

16,921

 

$

30,018

 

$

8,848

 

$

3,200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax Income / (Loss) from Continuing Operations

 

 

8,882

 

 

1,629

 

 

1,781

 

 

904

 

 

1,361

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax margin

 

 

35.0

%

 

9.6

%

 

5.9

%

 

10.2

%

 

42.5

%

_____________________________
* Recast to conform with 2019 presentation.

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION

U.S. GAAP TO OPERATING (Non-GAAP) RESULTS RECONCILIATION

(Unaudited; Dollars in millions except per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Continuing Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition-

 

Retirement-

 

Tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related

 

Related

 

Reform

 

Operating

 

 

 

GAAP

 

Adjustments*

 

Adjustments**

 

Impacts

 

(Non-GAAP)

 

Gross Profit

 

$

11,100

 

$

189

 

 

 

 

 

$

11,289

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross Profit Margin

 

 

51.0

%

 

0.9

Pts

 

 

 

 

 

51.8

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S,G&A

 

 

5,433

 

 

(320)

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,113

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R,D&E

 

 

1,596

 

 

(0)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,596

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other (Income) & Expense

 

 

(117)

 

 

(1)

 

 

(196)

 

 

 

 

(314)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest Expense

 

 

354

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

354

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Expense & Other (Income)

 

 

7,107

 

 

(320)

 

 

(196)

 

 

 

 

6,591

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax Income from Continuing Operations

 

 

3,993

 

 

509

 

 

196

 

 

 

 

4,698

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax Income Margin from Continuing Operations

 

 

18.3

%

 

2.3

Pts

 

0.9

Pts

 

 

 

21.6

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for / (Benefit from) Income Taxes***

 

 

324

 

 

133

 

 

21

 

 

14

 

 

492

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effective Tax Rate

 

 

8.1

%

 

2.0

Pts

 

0.1

Pts

 

0.3

Pts

 

10.5

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from Continuing Operations

 

 

3,669

 

 

376

 

 

175

 

 

(14)

 

 

4,206

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income Margin from Continuing Operations

 

 

16.8

%

 

1.7

Pts

 

0.8

Pts

 

(0.1)

Pts

 

19.3

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted Earnings / (Loss) Per Share: Continuing Operations

 

$

4.11

 

$

0.42

 

$

0.20

 

$

(0.02)

 

$

4.71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31, 2018

 

 

 

Continuing Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition-

 

Retirement-

 

Tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related

 

Related

 

Reform

 

Operating

 

 

 

GAAP

 

Adjustments*

 

Adjustments**

 

Impacts

 

(Non-GAAP)

 

Gross Profit

 

$

10,687

 

$

89

 

 

 

 

 

$

10,776

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross Profit Margin

 

 

49.1

%

 

0.4

Pts

 

 

 

 

 

49.5

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S,G&A

 

 

4,701

 

 

(119)

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,582

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R,D&E

 

 

1,358

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,358

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other (Income) & Expense

 

 

185

 

 

(1)

 

 

(387)

 

 

 

 

(203)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest Expense

 

 

193

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

193

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Expense & Other (Income)

 

 

6,253

 

 

(119)

 

 

(387)

 

 

 

 

5,746

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax Income from Continuing Operations

 

 

4,434

 

 

208

 

 

387

 

 

 

 

5,030

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax Income Margin from Continuing Operations

 

 

20.4

%

 

1.0

Pts

 

1.8

Pts

 

 

 

23.1

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for / (Benefit from) Income Taxes***

 

 

2,481

 

 

37

 

 

39

 

 

(1,944)

 

 

613

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effective Tax Rate

 

 

55.9

%

 

(1.6)

Pts

 

(3.5)

Pts

 

(38.7)

Pts

 

12.2

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from Continuing Operations

 

 

1,954

 

 

171

 

 

348

 

 

1,944

 

 

4,417

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income Margin from Continuing Operations

 

 

9.0

%

 

0.8

Pts

 

1.6

Pts

 

8.9

Pts

 

20.3

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted Earnings / (Loss) Per Share: Continuing Operations

 

$

2.15

 

$

0.19

 

$

0.38

 

$

2.15

 

$

4.87

 

_____________________________

* Includes amortization of purchased intangible assets, in process R&D, transaction costs, applicable restructuring and related expenses, tax charges related to acquisition integration and pre-closing charges, such as financing costs.

** Includes amortization of prior service costs, interest cost, expected return on plan assets, amortized actuarial gains/losses, the impacts of any plan curtailments/settlements and pension insolvency costs and other costs.

*** Tax impact on operating (non-GAAP) pre-tax income from continuing operations is calculated under the same accounting principles applied to the As Reported pre-tax income under ASC 740, which employs an annual effective tax rate method to the results.

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION

U.S. GAAP TO OPERATING (Non-GAAP) RESULTS RECONCILIATION

(Unaudited; Dollars in millions except per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Continuing Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition-

 

Retirement-

 

Tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related

 

Related

 

Reform

 

Operating

 

 

 

GAAP

 

Adjustments*

 

Adjustments**

 

Impacts

 

(Non-GAAP)

 

Gross Profit

 

$

36,488

 

$

547

 

 

 

 

 

$

37,035

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross Profit Margin

 

 

47.3

%

 

0.7

Pts

 

 

 

 

 

48.0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S,G&A

 

 

20,604

 

 

(1,044)

 

 

 

 

 

 

19,560

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R,D&E

 

 

5,989

 

 

(53)

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,936

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other (Income) & Expense

 

 

(968)

 

 

152

 

 

(615)

 

 

 

 

(1,431)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest Expense

 

 

1,344

 

 

(228)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,116

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Expense & Other (Income)

 

 

26,322

 

 

(1,173)

 

 

(615)

 

 

 

 

24,533

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax Income from Continuing Operations

 

 

10,166

 

 

1,721

 

 

615

 

 

 

 

12,503

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax Income Margin from Continuing Operations

 

 

13.2

%

 

2.2

Pts

 

0.8

Pts

 

 

 

16.2

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for / (Benefit from) Income Taxes***

 

 

731

 

 

378

 

 

103

 

 

(146)

 

 

1,067

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effective Tax Rate

 

 

7.2

%

 

2.0

Pts

 

0.5

Pts

 

(1.2)

Pts

 

8.5

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from Continuing Operations

 

 

9,435

 

 

1,343

 

 

512

 

 

146

 

 

11,436

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income Margin from Continuing Operations

 

 

12.2

%

 

1.7

Pts

 

0.7

Pts

 

0.2

Pts

 

14.8

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted Earnings / (Loss) Per Share: Continuing Operations

 

$

10.57

 

$

1.50

 

$

0.58

 

$

0.16

 

$

12.81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31, 2018

 

 

 

Continuing Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition-

 

Retirement-

 

Tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related

 

Related

 

Reform

 

Operating

 

 

 

GAAP

 

Adjustments*

 

Adjustments**

 

Impacts

 

(Non-GAAP)

 

Gross Profit

 

$

36,936

 

$

372

 

 

 

 

 

$

37,307

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross Profit Margin

 

 

46.4

%

 

0.5

Pts

 

 

 

 

 

46.9

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S,G&A

 

 

19,366

 

 

(451)

 

 

 

 

 

 

18,915

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R,D&E

 

 

5,379

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,379

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other (Income) & Expense

 

 

1,152

 

 

(2)

 

 

(1,572)

 

 

 

 

(422)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest Expense

 

 

723

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

723

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Expense & Other (Income)

 

 

25,594

 

 

(453)

 

 

(1,572)

 

 

 

 

23,569

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax Income from Continuing Operations

 

 

11,342

 

 

824

 

 

1,572

 

 

 

 

13,739

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-tax Income Margin from Continuing Operations

 

 

14.3

%

 

1.0

Pts

 

2.0

Pts

 

 

 

17.3

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for / (Benefit from) Income Taxes***

 

 

2,619

 

 

176

 

 

324

 

 

(2,037)

 

 

1,082

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effective Tax Rate

 

 

23.1

%

 

(0.1)

Pts

 

(0.3)

Pts

 

(14.8)

Pts

 

7.9

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from Continuing Operations

 

 

8,723

 

 

649

 

 

1,248

 

 

2,037

 

 

12,657

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income Margin from Continuing Operations

 

 

11.0

%

 

0.8

Pts

 

1.6

Pts

 

2.6

Pts

 

15.9

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted Earnings / (Loss) Per Share: Continuing Operations

 

$

9.51

 

$

0.71

 

$

1.36

 

$

2.23

 

$

13.81

 

_____________________________

* Includes amortization of purchased intangible assets, in process R&D, transaction costs, applicable restructuring and related expenses, tax charges related to acquisition integration and pre-closing charges, such as financing costs.

** Includes amortization of prior service costs, interest cost, expected return on plan assets, amortized actuarial gains/losses, the impacts of any plan curtailments/settlements and pension insolvency costs and other costs.

*** Tax impact on operating (non-GAAP) pre-tax income from continuing operations is calculated under the same accounting principles applied to the As Reported pre-tax income under ASC 740, which employs an annual effective tax rate method to the results.

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION

U.S. GAAP TO OPERATING (Non-GAAP) RESULTS RECONCILIATION

(Unaudited; Dollars in millions except per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Year Ended

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Change YTY

 

 

Change YTY

 

Revenue Adjusting for Divested Businesses and Currency

 

Cloud

 

Total IBM

 

 

Cloud

 

Total IBM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue as reported

 

 

20.7

%

 

0.1

%

 

 

10.6

%

 

(3.1)

%

Impact from divested businesses

 

 

1.6

Pts

 

2.1

Pts

 

 

1.1

Pts

 

1.2

Pts

Currency impact

 

 

0.5

Pts

 

0.6

Pts

 

 

2.2

Pts

 

2.1

Pts

Revenue adjusting for divested businesses and currency (non-GAAP)

 

 

22.8

%

 

2.8

%

 

 

13.9

%

 

0.2

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Change

 

Red Hat Revenue, Normalized for Historical Comparability

 

December 31, 2019

 

December 31, 2018

 

YTY

 

YTY
@constant
currency

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red Hat revenue as reported in IBM consolidated results (1)

 

$

573

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

Add: Red Hat revenue prior to acquisition (2)

 

 

 

 

863

 

 

 

 

 

Add: Purchase accounting deferred revenue and intercompany adjustments (3)

 

 

493

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red Hat revenue, normalized for historical comparability (non-GAAP)

 

$

1,066

 

$

863

 

24

%

24

%

(1) Represents GAAP revenue as reported by IBM, which is included in the Cloud & Cognitive Software segment.
(2) Revenue for the three months ended December 31, 2018 represents pre-acquisition Red Hat standalone revenue and is included for comparative purposes.
(3) Represents the fourth-quarter 2019 impact of the deferred revenue purchase accounting adjustment and adjustments to add back revenue which was eliminated for sales between Red Hat and IBM. This line represents revenue that would have been recognized by Red Hat under GAAP if the acquisition had not occurred, but was not recognized by IBM due to purchase accounting and intercompany adjustments.

 

 

 

 

2020 Full Year Expectations

 

 

(as of fourth quarter 2019)

 

 

GAAP Diluted EPS

 

 

at least $10.57

 

 

 

 

Operating EPS (non-GAAP)

 

 

at least $13.35

 

 

 

 

Adjustments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition-related Charges *

 

$

1.70

 

 

 

 

Non-Operating Retirement-Related Items

 

$

1.02

 

 

 

 

Tax Reform Enactment Impacts

 

$

0.06

_____________________________
* Includes acquisitions as of December 31, 2019.

IBM
Edward Barbini, 914‑499‑6565
barbini@us.ibm.com

John Bukovinsky, 732‑618‑3531
jbuko@us.ibm.com

Short Name: Intnl Bus. Mach
Category Code: FR
Sequence Number: 690742
Time of Receipt (offset from UTC): 20200121T182549+0000

Contacts

Intnl Bus. Mach

Contacts

Intnl Bus. Mach