Morgan Stanley Third Quarter 2019 Earnings Results

Morgan Stanley Reports Net Revenues of $10.0 Billion and EPS of $1.27

NEW YORK--()--Morgan Stanley (NYSE: MS) today reported net revenues of $10.0 billion for the third quarter ended September 30, 2019 compared with $9.9 billion a year ago. Net income applicable to Morgan Stanley was $2.2 billion, or $1.27 per diluted share,1 compared with net income of $2.1 billion, or $1.17 per diluted share,1 for the same period a year ago.

James P. Gorman, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, said, “We delivered strong quarterly earnings despite the typical summer slowdown and volatile markets. Firmwide revenues were over $10 billion for the third consecutive quarter, and we produced an ROE within our target range. Our consistent performance shows the stability of our business model. We remain committed to controlling our expenses and are well positioned to pursue our growth initiatives.”

Financial Summary2

($ millions, except per share data)

Highlights

Firm

3Q 2019

3Q 2018

  • Firm net revenues reflect strong performance across all our business segments; the highest third quarter in the last decade.3

Net revenues

$10,032

$9,872

Compensation expense

$4,427

$4,310

Non-compensation expenses

$2,895

$2,711

Pre-tax income8

$2,710

$2,851

Net income app. to MS

$2,173

$2,112

  • Book value4 and Tangible book value5 increased 12% year-over-year.

Expense efficiency ratio9

73%

71%

Earnings per diluted share

$1.27

$1.17

Book value per share4

$45.49

$40.67

Tangible book value per share5

$39.73

$35.50

Return on equity6

11.2%

11.5%

  • ROE of 11.2%6 and ROTCE of 12.9%6 remain strong and in line with our expectations.

Return on tangible equity6

12.9%

13.2%

Institutional Securities

 

 

Net revenues

$5,023

$4,929

  • Institutional Securities net revenues at $5.0 billion reflects strength across products, characterized by strong client engagement despite seasonality and volatile markets.

Investment Banking

$1,535

$1,459

Sales & Trading

$3,455

$3,130

Wealth Management

 

 

Net revenues

$4,358

$4,399

  • Wealth Management delivered a pre-tax margin of 28.4%7 on continued expense discipline.

Fee-based client assets ($ billions)10

$1,186

$1,120

Fee-based asset flows ($ billions)11

$15.5

$16.2

Loans ($ billions)

$76.6

$71.1

Investment Management

 

 

Net revenues

$764

$653

  • Investment Management net revenues increased 17% reflecting strong carried interest and higher fee revenues. AUM exceeded $500 billion.

AUM ($ billions)12

$507

$471

Long-term net flows ($ billions)13

$4.2

$3.0

 

Institutional Securities

Institutional Securities reported net revenues for the current quarter of $5.0 billion compared with $4.9 billion a year ago. Pre-tax income was $1.3 billion compared with $1.6 billion a year ago.8

 

Investment Banking revenues up 5% from a year ago:

 

($ millions)

3Q 2019

3Q 2018

 

  • Advisory revenues increased reflecting the impact of higher M&A fees on an increase in the volume of transactions.

 

Net Revenues

$5,023

$4,929

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Equity underwriting revenues decreased from a year ago driven by lower volumes in IPOs and follow-on offerings, partially offset by an increase in convertible issuances.

 

Investment Banking

$1,535

$1,459

 

 

Advisory

$550

$510

 

  • Fixed income underwriting revenues increased from a year ago on higher bond and loan issuance volumes.

 

Equity underwriting

$401

$441

 

 

Fixed income underwriting

$584

$508

 

 

Sales and Trading net revenues up 10% from a year ago:

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Equity sales and trading net revenues were essentially unchanged from a year ago with lower revenues in the derivatives business being offset by solid performance across all other businesses.

 

Sales and Trading

$3,455

$3,130

 

 

Equity

$1,991

$2,019

 

  • Fixed Income sales and trading net revenues increased 21% from a year ago reflecting strong client activity in the credit and rates businesses, partially offset by a decline in foreign exchange.

 

Fixed Income

$1,430

$1,179

 

 

Other

$34

$(68)

 

  • Other sales and trading net revenues increased from a year ago driven by lower costs from changes in funding mix and gains on economic hedges associated with corporate lending activity and certain of the Firm’s borrowings.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments and Other

$33

$340

 

 

 

Investments

$(18)

$96

 

Investments and Other:

 

Other

$51

$244

 

  • Investment revenues decreased from a year ago driven by mark-to-market losses on remaining holdings subsequent to certain investments’ initial public offerings.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Expenses

$3,716

$3,373

 

  • Other revenues decreased from a year ago primarily reflecting lower revenues from corporate lending activities.

 

Compensation

$1,768

$1,626

 

 

Non-compensation

$1,948

$1,747

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Expenses:

  • Compensation expense increased on higher revenues and salaries, resulting in a compensation ratio of 35.2%.
  • Non-compensation expenses increased from a year ago on higher volume-related expenses and litigation costs.

Wealth Management

Wealth Management net revenues for the current quarter of $4.4 billion were essentially unchanged from a year ago. Pre-tax income of $1.2 billion8 in the current quarter resulted in a pre-tax margin of 28.4%.7

Net revenues relatively unchanged from a year ago:

($ millions)

3Q 2019

3Q 2018

  • Asset management revenues increased from a year ago reflecting higher asset levels with continued positive flows.

Net Revenues

$4,358

$4,399

 

  • Transactional revenues14 decreased from a year ago reflecting losses on investments associated with certain employee deferred compensations plans.

Asset management

$2,639

$2,573

 

  • Net interest income decreased 3% compared with a year ago primarily driven by higher costs due to changes in funding mix, partially offset by growth in bank lending. Wealth Management client liabilities15 were $86 billion at quarter end compared with $83 billion a year ago.

Transactional14

$595

$698

 

  • Other revenues increased from a year ago driven by higher realized gains on available for sale securities.

Net interest

$1,043

$1,070

 

Other

$81

$58

 

 

 

 

 

Total Expenses:

Total Expenses

$3,120

$3,205

 

  • Compensation expense decreased from a year ago primarily driven by decreases in the fair value of deferred compensation plan referenced investments and retention note expense, partially offset by increases in compensable revenues.

Compensation

$2,340

$2,415

 

 

Non-compensation

$780

$790

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment Management

Investment Management reported net revenues of $764 million compared with $653 million a year ago. Pre-tax income was $165 million compared with $102 million a year ago.8

Net revenues up 17% from a year ago:

($ millions)

3Q 2019

3Q 2018

  • Asset management revenues increased from a year ago driven by higher levels of assets under management and a non-recurring realized performance fee.

Net Revenues

$764

$653

Asset management

$664

$604

  • Investment revenues increased from a year ago reflecting gains on carried interest primarily from the private equity businesses.

Investments

$105

$40

Other

$(5)

$9

 

 

 

 

Total Expenses:

Total Expenses

$599

$551

  • Compensation expense increased from a year ago principally due to an increase in deferred compensation associated with carried interest.

Compensation

$319

$269

Non-compensation

$280

$282

 

 

 

 

Other Matters

 

 

3Q 2019

3Q 2018

 

  • The Firm repurchased $1.5 billion of its outstanding common stock during the quarter as part of its Share Repurchase Program.

Capital16

 

 

 

Common Equity Tier 1 capital17

16.2%

16.7%

 

  • The Board of Directors declared a $0.35 quarterly dividend per share, payable on November 15, 2019 to common shareholders of record on October 31, 2019.

Tier 1 capital17

18.4%

19.0%

 

Tier 1 leverage18

8.2%

8.2%

 

  • The effective tax rate for the quarter was 18.2% which includes an intermittent net discrete tax benefit of $89 million associated with the filing of the 2018 federal tax return and the remeasurement of reserves.

Supplementary leverage ratio19

6.3%

6.4%

 

Common Stock Repurchases

 

 

 

 

Repurchases ($ millions)

$1,500

$1,180

 

 

Number of Shares (millions)

36

24

 

 

Average Price

$41.92

$49.33

 

 

Common Shares Outstanding - period end (millions)

1,624

1,726

 

 

Tax Rate

18.2%

24.4%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Morgan Stanley is a leading global financial services firm providing a wide range of investment banking, securities, wealth management and investment management services. With offices in more than 41 countries, the Firm’s employees serve clients worldwide including corporations, governments, institutions and individuals. For further information about Morgan Stanley, please visit www.morganstanley.com.

A financial summary follows. Financial, statistical and business-related information, as well as information regarding business and segment trends, is included in the Financial Supplement. Both the earnings release and the Financial Supplement are available online in the Investor Relations section at www.morganstanley.com.

NOTICE:

The information provided herein and in the financial supplement may include certain non-GAAP financial measures. The definition of such measures or reconciliation of such metrics to the comparable U.S. GAAP figures are included in this earnings release and the Financial Supplement, both of which are available on www.morganstanley.com.

This earnings release may contain forward-looking statements, including the attainment of certain financial and other targets, objectives and goals. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date on which they are made, which reflect management’s current estimates, projections, expectations, assumptions, interpretations or beliefs and which are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially. The Firm does not undertake to update the forward-looking statements to reflect the impact of circumstances or events that may arise after the date such forward-looking statements were made. For a discussion of risks and uncertainties that may affect the future results of the Firm, please see “Forward-Looking Statements” immediately preceding Part I, Item 1, “Competition” and “Supervision and Regulation” in Part I, Item 1, “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A, “Legal Proceedings” in Part I, Item 3, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 and “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Risk” in Part II, Item 7A in the Firm’s Annual Report on Form 10-­K for the year ended December 31, 2018 and other items throughout the Form 10-K, the Firm’s Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and the Firm’s Current Reports on Form 8-K, including any amendments thereto.

1 Includes preferred dividends related to the calculation of earnings per share for the third quarter of 2019 and 2018 of approximately $113 million and $93 million, respectively.

2 The Firm prepares its Consolidated Financial Statements using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (U.S. GAAP). From time to time, Morgan Stanley may disclose certain “non-GAAP financial measures” in the course of its earnings releases, earnings conference calls, financial presentations and otherwise. The Securities and Exchange Commission defines a “non-GAAP financial measure” as a numerical measure of historical or future financial performance, financial positions, or cash flows that is subject to adjustments that effectively exclude, or include amounts from the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Non-GAAP financial measures disclosed by Morgan Stanley are provided as additional information to analysts, investors and other stakeholders in order to provide them with greater transparency about, or an alternative method for assessing our financial condition, operating results, or prospective regulatory capital requirements. These measures are not in accordance with, or a substitute for U.S. GAAP, and may be different from or inconsistent with non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. Whenever we refer to a non-GAAP financial measure, we will also generally define it or present the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP, along with a reconciliation of the differences between the non-GAAP financial measure we reference and such comparable U.S. GAAP financial measure.

3 Net revenues of $10.0 billion represents the highest third quarter in a decade for a reported quarterly period after excluding the impact of debt valuation adjustments (DVA), which were previously reflected in net revenues in periods prior to March 31, 2016, and reflecting the current reporting structure of the Firm (i.e. exclusive of discontinued operations). Net revenues excluding the impact of DVA, are non-GAAP financial measures in those prior periods that were reconciled to the comparable GAAP financial measures in the respective quarterly reports filed on Form 10-Q.

4 Book value per common share represents common equity divided by period end common shares outstanding.

5 Tangible book value per common share is a non-GAAP financial measure that the Firm considers to be a useful measure of capital adequacy for analysts, investors and other stakeholders. Tangible book value per common share represents tangible common equity divided by period end common shares outstanding. Tangible common equity, also a non-GAAP financial measure, represents common equity less goodwill and intangible assets net of allowable mortgage servicing rights deduction.

6 Annualized return on average common equity and annualized return on average tangible common equity are non-GAAP financial measures that the Firm considers useful for analysts, investors and other stakeholders to allow better comparability of period-to-period operating performance and capital adequacy. The calculation of return on average common equity and return on average tangible common equity represents annualized net income applicable to Morgan Stanley less preferred dividends as a percentage of average common equity and average tangible common equity, respectively. Tangible common equity, also a non-GAAP financial measure, represents common equity less goodwill and intangible assets net of allowable servicing rights deduction.

7 Pre-tax margin is a non-GAAP financial measure that the Firm considers useful for analysts, investors and other stakeholders to assess operating performance. Pre-tax margin represents income (loss) before taxes divided by net revenues.

8 Pre-tax income is a non-GAAP financial measure that the Firm considers useful for analysts, investors and other stakeholders to assess operating performance. Pre-tax income represents income (loss) before taxes.

9 The Firm expense efficiency ratio represents total non-interest expenses as a percentage of net revenues.

10 Wealth Management fee-based client assets represent the amount of assets in client accounts where the basis of payment for services is a fee calculated on those assets.

11 Wealth Management fee-based asset flows include net new fee-based assets, net account transfers, dividends, interest, and client fees and exclude institutional cash management related activity.

12 AUM is defined as assets under management.

13 Long-term net flows include the Equity, Fixed Income and Alternative/Other asset classes and exclude the Liquidity asset class.

14 Transactional revenues include investment banking, trading, and commissions and fee revenues.

15 Wealth Management client liabilities reflect U.S. Bank Subsidiaries’ lending and broker-dealer margin activity. U.S. Bank refers to the Firm’s U.S. Bank operating subsidiaries Morgan Stanley Bank, N.A. and Morgan Stanley Private Bank, National Association.

16 Capital ratios are estimates as of the press release date, October 17, 2019.

17 The Firm’s risk-based capital ratios for purposes of determining regulatory compliance are the lower of the capital ratios computed under the (i) standardized approaches for calculating credit risk and market risk risk-weighted assets (“RWAs”) (the “Standardized Approach”); and (ii) applicable advanced approaches for calculating credit risk, market risk and operational risk RWAs (the “Advanced Approach”). At September 30, 2019 and September 30, 2018, the Firm’s ratios are based on the Standardized Approach. For information on the calculation of regulatory capital and ratios for prior periods, please refer to Part II, Item 7 “Liquidity and Capital Resources – Regulatory Requirements” in the Firm’s 2018 Form 10-K.

18 The Tier 1 leverage ratio is a non-risk based capital requirement that measures the Firm’s leverage. Tier 1 leverage ratio utilizes Tier 1 capital as the numerator and average adjusted assets as the denominator.

19 The Firm must maintain a Tier 1 supplementary leverage ratio of 5% inclusive of a capital buffer of at least 2% in order to avoid limitations on capital distributions, including dividends and stock repurchases, and discretionary bonus payments to executive officers. The Firm’s Supplementary Leverage Ratio utilizes a Tier 1 capital numerator of approximately $73.1 billion and $70.3 billion, and supplementary leverage exposure denominator of approximately $1.16 trillion and $1.10 trillion, for the third quarter of 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 
Morgan Stanley
Consolidated Income Statement Information
(unaudited, dollars in millions)
 
Quarter Ended Percentage Change From: Nine Months Ended Percentage
Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Change
Revenues:
Investment banking

$

1,635

$

1,590

$

1,567

 

3%

4%

$

4,467

$

4,994

 

(11%)

Trading

 

2,608

 

2,732

 

2,752

 

(5%)

(5%)

 

8,781

 

9,815

 

(11%)

Investments

 

87

 

441

 

136

 

(80%)

(36%)

 

801

 

409

 

96%

Commissions and fees

 

990

 

979

 

932

 

1%

6%

 

2,935

 

3,144

 

(7%)

Asset management

 

3,363

 

3,220

 

3,251

 

4%

3%

 

9,632

 

9,632

 

--

Other

 

131

 

253

 

298

 

(48%)

(56%)

 

685

 

748

 

(8%)

Total non-interest revenues

 

8,814

 

9,215

 

8,936

 

(4%)

(1%)

 

27,301

 

28,742

 

(5%)

 
Interest income

 

4,350

 

4,506

 

3,627

 

(3%)

20%

 

13,146

 

9,781

 

34%

Interest expense

 

3,132

 

3,477

 

2,691

 

(10%)

16%

 

9,885

 

6,964

 

42%

Net interest

 

1,218

 

1,029

 

936

 

18%

30%

 

3,261

 

2,817

 

16%

Net revenues

 

10,032

 

10,244

 

9,872

 

(2%)

2%

 

30,562

 

31,559

 

(3%)

 
Non-interest expenses:
Compensation and benefits

 

4,427

 

4,531

 

4,310

 

(2%)

3%

 

13,609

 

13,845

 

(2%)

 
Non-compensation expenses:
Occupancy and equipment

 

353

 

353

 

351

 

--

1%

 

1,053

 

1,033

 

2%

Brokerage, clearing and exchange fees

 

637

 

630

 

559

 

1%

14%

 

1,860

 

1,795

 

4%

Information processing and communications

 

557

 

538

 

513

 

4%

9%

 

1,627

 

1,487

 

9%

Marketing and business development

 

157

 

162

 

152

 

(3%)

3%

 

460

 

471

 

(2%)

Professional services

 

531

 

537

 

570

 

(1%)

(7%)

 

1,582

 

1,660

 

(5%)

Other

 

660

 

590

 

566

 

12%

17%

 

1,803

 

1,888

 

(5%)

Total non-compensation expenses

 

2,895

 

2,810

 

2,711

 

3%

7%

 

8,385

 

8,334

 

1%

 
Total non-interest expenses

 

7,322

 

7,341

 

7,021

 

--

4%

 

21,994

 

22,179

 

(1%)

 
Income (loss) from continuing operations before taxes

 

2,710

 

2,903

 

2,851

 

(7%)

(5%)

 

8,568

 

9,380

 

(9%)

Income tax provision / (benefit) from continuing operations

 

492

 

657

 

696

 

(25%)

(29%)

 

1,636

 

2,050

 

(20%)

Income (loss) from continuing operations

 

2,218

 

2,246

 

2,155

 

(1%)

3%

 

6,932

 

7,330

 

(5%)

Gain (loss) from discontinued operations after tax

 

0

 

0

 

(1

)

--

*

 

0

 

(5

)

*

Net income (loss)

$

2,218

$

2,246

$

2,154

 

(1%)

3%

$

6,932

$

7,325

 

(5%)

Net income applicable to nonredeemable noncontrolling interests

 

45

 

45

 

42

 

--

7%

 

129

 

108

 

19%

Net income (loss) applicable to Morgan Stanley

 

2,173

 

2,201

 

2,112

 

(1%)

3%

 

6,803

 

7,217

 

(6%)

Preferred stock dividend / Other

 

113

 

170

 

93

 

(34%)

22%

 

376

 

356

 

6%

Earnings (loss) applicable to Morgan Stanley common shareholders

$

2,060

$

2,031

$

2,019

 

1%

2%

$

6,427

$

6,861

 

(6%)

_______________________________________________________
The End Notes are an integral part of this presentation. Refer to the Financial Supplement on pages 12 - 17 for Definition of U.S. GAAP to Non-GAAP Measures, Definition of Performance Metrics and Terms, Supplemental Quantitative Details and Calculations and Legal Notice for additional information.

8

 

Morgan Stanley

Consolidated Financial Metrics, Ratios and Statistical Data
(unaudited)
Quarter Ended Percentage Change From: Nine Months Ended Percentage
Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Change
 
Financial Metrics:
 
Earnings per basic share

$

1.28

 

$

1.24

 

$

1.19

 

3%

8%

$

3.94

 

$

3.99

 

(1%)

Earnings per diluted share

$

1.27

 

$

1.23

 

$

1.17

 

3%

9%

$

3.89

 

$

3.92

 

(1%)

 
Return on average common equity

 

11.2

%

 

11.2

%

 

11.5

%

 

11.8

%

 

13.1

%

Return on average tangible common equity

 

12.9

%

 

12.8

%

 

13.2

%

 

13.5

%

 

15.1

%

 
Book value per common share

$

45.49

 

$

44.13

 

$

40.67

 

$

45.49

 

$

40.67

 

Tangible book value per common share

$

39.73

 

$

38.44

 

$

35.50

 

$

39.73

 

$

35.50

 

 
Excluding intermittent net discrete tax provision / benefit
Adjusted earnings per diluted share

$

1.21

 

$

1.23

 

$

1.17

 

(2%)

3%

$

3.77

 

$

3.87

 

(3%)

Adjusted return on average common equity

 

10.7

%

 

11.2

%

 

11.5

%

 

11.5

%

 

13.0

%

Adjusted return on average tangible common equity

 

12.3

%

 

12.8

%

 

13.2

%

 

13.1

%

 

14.9

%

 
 
Financial Ratios:
 
Pre-tax profit margin

 

27

%

 

28

%

 

29

%

 

28

%

 

30

%

Compensation and benefits as a % of net revenues

 

44

%

 

44

%

 

44

%

 

45

%

 

44

%

Non-compensation expenses as a % of net revenues

 

29

%

 

27

%

 

27

%

 

27

%

 

26

%

Firm expense efficiency ratio

 

73

%

 

72

%

 

71

%

 

72

%

 

70

%

Effective tax rate from continuing operations

 

18.2

%

 

22.6

%

 

24.4

%

 

19.1

%

 

21.9

%

 
 
Statistical Data:
 
Period end common shares outstanding (millions)

 

1,624

 

 

1,659

 

 

1,726

 

(2%)

(6%)

Average common shares outstanding (millions)
Basic

 

1,604

 

 

1,634

 

 

1,697

 

(2%)

(5%)

 

1,632

 

 

1,719

 

(5%)

Diluted

 

1,627

 

 

1,655

 

 

1,727

 

(2%)

(6%)

 

1,653

 

 

1,749

 

(5%)

 
Worldwide employees

 

60,532

 

 

59,513

 

 

59,835

 

2%

1%

_______________________________________________________
The End Notes are an integral part of this presentation. Refer to the Financial Supplement on pages 12 - 17 for Definition of U.S. GAAP to Non-GAAP Measures, Definition of Performance Metrics and Terms, Supplemental Quantitative Details and Calculations and Legal Notice for additional information.

9

 

Contacts

Media Relations: Wesley McDade 212-761-2430
Investor Relations: Sharon Yeshaya 212-761-1632

Contacts

Media Relations: Wesley McDade 212-761-2430
Investor Relations: Sharon Yeshaya 212-761-1632