Anthem Reports Third Quarter 2018 Results Reflecting Strengthening Operating Performance

  • Third quarter net income was $960 million, growth of 29% over the prior year quarter. Adjusted net income of $3.81 per share grew by 44% year over year.
  • Medical enrollment increased by 5 thousand members sequentially, totaling approximately 39.5 million members as of September 30, 2018.
  • Benefit Expense Ratio was 84.8% driven by solid medical cost performance.
  • Full year 2018 GAAP net income is now expected to be greater than $14.46 per share. Full year 2018 adjusted net income is now expected to be greater than $15.60 per share.
  • Fourth quarter 2018 dividend of $0.75 per share declared to shareholders.

INDIANAPOLIS--()--Anthem, Inc. (NYSE: ANTM) announced third quarter 2018 financial results that reflect improving fundamental execution across the business.

"Our third quarter 2018 results reflect solid operating performance and ongoing positive momentum across our businesses, and I am confident that we are entering 2019 in a position of strength. We have made significant progress towards improving execution and are focused on advancing our consumer, clinical, and digital capabilities. We remain committed to accelerating growth and will continue to invest in innovative, effective, and scalable healthcare solutions designed to improve the quality and total cost of care for our members," said Gail K. Boudreaux, President and CEO. "I am pleased with our results through the first nine months of 2018. As result, we have increased our 2018 outlook to reflect our expectation for continued growth."

Based on third quarter results and the business outlook for the remainder of the year, Anthem has increased its outlook for 2018 adjusted net earnings to be greater than $15.60* per share.

* Refer to the GAAP reconciliation tables.

CONSOLIDATED HIGHLIGHTS

Membership: Medical enrollment totaled approximately 39.5 million members at September 30, 2018, an increase of 5 thousand lives compared to the second quarter of 2018. Local Group and Medicare enrollment grew by 91 thousand and 27 thousand, respectively. The increase was partially offset by declines in the National, Individual, and Medicaid businesses.

Medical enrollment declined by 753 thousand members from 40.3 million members at September 30, 2017. The enrollment decline was driven by a reduced footprint in the Individual ACA-compliant marketplace and membership losses in Local Group and Medicaid. The decline was partially offset by enrollment growth in Medicare which grew 267 thousand as a result of acquisitions and organic growth in our existing counties.

Operating Revenue: Operating revenue was $23.0 billion in the third quarter of 2018, an increase of $883 million, or 4.0 percent, versus $22.1 billion in the prior year quarter. The increase in operating revenue reflects premium increases to cover overall cost trends and the return of the health insurance tax in 2018 as well as growth in Medicare, partially offset by a reduced footprint in the Individual ACA-compliant marketplace.

Benefit Expense Ratio: The benefit expense ratio was 84.8 percent in the third quarter of 2018, a decrease of 220 basis points from 87.0 percent in the prior year quarter. The decrease, as expected, was driven by the return of the health insurance tax in 2018 and enhanced medical cost performance in our Commercial & Specialty Business.

Medical claims reserves established at December 31, 2017 developed moderately better than the Company’s expectation during the first nine months of 2018.

Medical Cost Trend: For the full year 2018, Local Group medical cost trend is expected to be in the range of 6.0% +/- 50 basis points, with a bias slightly below the midpoint of the range.

Days in Claims Payable: Days in Claims Payable (“DCP”) was 38.7 days as of September 30, 2018, unchanged from 38.7 days as of June 30, 2018.

SG&A Expense Ratio: The SG&A expense ratio was 15.4 percent in the third quarter of 2018, an increase of 180 basis points from 13.6 percent in the third quarter of 2017. The increase, as expected, was largely driven by the return of the health insurance tax in 2018 and the impact of increased investment spend in 2018 to support growth initiatives.

Operating Cash Flow: Operating cash flow was $607 million, or 0.6 times net income in the third quarter of 2018, and $3.4 billion, or 1.0 times net income for the nine months ending September 30, 2018.

Share Repurchase Program: During the third quarter of 2018, the Company repurchased 1.5 million shares of its common stock for $397 million, or a weighted average price of $259.30. During the first nine months of 2018, the Company repurchased 5.0 million shares of its common stock for $1.2 billion, or a weighted average price of $240.15. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had approximately $6.0 billion of Board-approved share repurchase authorization remaining.

Cash Dividend: During the third quarter of 2018, the Company paid a quarterly dividend of $0.75 per share, representing a distribution of cash totaling $195 million.

The Audit Committee declared a fourth quarter 2018 dividend to shareholders of $0.75 per share on October 30, 2018. On an annualized basis, this equates to a dividend of $3.00 per share. The fourth quarter dividend is payable on December 21, 2018 to shareholders of record at the close of business on December 5, 2018.

Investment Portfolio & Capital Position: During the third quarter of 2018, the Company recorded net realized gains on financial instruments totaling $27 million and other-than-temporary impairment losses totaling $6 million. During the third quarter of 2017, the Company recorded net realized gains of $115 million and other-than-temporary impairment losses totaling $6 million.

As of September 30, 2018, the Company’s net unrealized loss position in the investment portfolio was $119 million, consisting of fixed maturity securities. The adoption of a change in accounting standards has resulted in the Company accounting for changes in the value of equity securities in realized gains or losses. As of September 30, 2018 cash and investments at the parent company totaled approximately $2.4 billion.

REPORTABLE SEGMENTS

Anthem, Inc. has three reportable segments: Commercial & Specialty Business (comprised of the Local Group, National Accounts, Individual and Specialty businesses); Government Business (comprised of the Medicaid and Medicare businesses, National Government Services, and the Federal Employee Program); and Other (comprised of unallocated corporate expenses and certain other businesses that do not meet the quantitative thresholds for separate reportable segment disclosure).

               
Anthem, Inc.
Reportable Segment Highlights
(Unaudited)
 
(In millions) Three Months Ended September 30 Nine Months Ended September 30
2018 2017 Change 2018 2017 Change
Operating Revenue
Commercial & Specialty Business $9,128 $10,052 (9.2 )% $27,357 $30,651 (10.7 )%
Government Business 13,841 12,037 15.0 % 40,647 35,946 13.1 %
Other 11   8   37.5 % 33   17   94.1 %
Total Operating Revenue1 $22,980 $22,097 4.0 % $68,037 $66,614 2.1 %
 
Operating Gain / (Loss)
Commercial & Specialty Business $833 $535 55.7 % $3,295 $2,805 17.5 %
Government Business 466 457 2.0 % 1,494 1,069 39.8 %
Other (50 ) (10 ) NM2 (113 ) (80 ) NM2
Total Operating Gain1 $1,249 $982 27.2 % $4,676 $3,794 23.2 %
 
Operating Margin
Commercial & Specialty Business 9.1 % 5.3 % 380 bp 12.0 % 9.2 % 280 bp
Government Business 3.4 % 3.8 % (40) bp 3.7 % 3.0 % 70 bp
Total Operating Margin1 5.4 % 4.4 % 100 bp 6.9 % 5.7 % 120 bp
 

(1) See “Basis of Presentation”

(2) "NM" = calculation not meaningful.

Commercial & Specialty Business: Operating gain in the Commercial & Specialty Business segment totaled $833 million in the third quarter of 2018, an increase of $298 million, or 55.7 percent, from $535 million in the third quarter of 2017. The increase was driven by improved medical cost performance in the Individual business and a decrease in certain allocated expenses compared to the prior year quarter.

Government Business: Operating gain in the Government Business segment was $466 million in the third quarter of 2018, an increase of $9 million, or 2.0 percent, from $457 million in the third quarter of 2017. The increase is a result of the acquisitions of HealthSun and America's 1st Choice and the return of the health insurance tax in 2018, partially offset by higher medical costs in the Medicaid business.

Other: The Company reported an operating loss of $50 million in the Other segment for the third quarter of 2018, compared with an operating loss of $10 million in the prior year quarter.

OUTLOOK

Full Year 2018:

  • Net income is now expected to be greater than $14.46 per share, including approximately $1.14 per share of net unfavorable items. Excluding these items, adjusted net income is now expected to be greater than $15.60 per share (refer to the GAAP reconciliation table).
  • Medical membership is expected to be in the range of 39,900,000 - 40,100,000. Fully-insured membership is expected to be in the range of 14,600,000 - 14,700,000 and self-funded membership is expected to be in the range of 25,300,000 - 25,400,000.
  • Operating revenue is expected to be in the range of $91.0 - $92.0 billion.
  • Benefit expense ratio is now expected to be in the range of 84.2% plus or minus 30 basis points.
  • SG&A ratio is expected to be in the range of 15.4% plus or minus 30 basis points.
  • Operating cash flow is expected to be greater than $4.0 billion.
  • Share count is expected to be between 263 - 265 million.
  • Tax rate is expected to be between 26.5% - 27.5%.
  • Investment income is expected to be $900 million.

Basis of Presentation

1. Operating revenue and operating gain are the key measures used by management to evaluate performance in each of its reporting segments, allocate resources, set incentive compensation targets and to forecast future operating performance. Operating gain is calculated as total operating revenue less benefit expense and selling, general and administrative expense. It does not include net investment income, net realized gains/losses on financial instruments, other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in income, interest expense, amortization of other intangible assets, gains/losses on extinguishment of debt or income taxes, as these items are managed in a corporate shared service environment and are not the responsibility of operating segment management. Refer to the GAAP reconciliation tables.

2. Operating margin is defined as operating gain divided by operating revenue.

Conference Call and Webcast

Management will host a conference call and webcast today at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (“EDT”) to discuss the company’s third quarter results and outlook. The conference call should be accessed at least 15 minutes prior to the start of the call with the following numbers:

   
800-230-1059 (Domestic) 800-475-6701 (Domestic Replay)
612-288-0337 (International) 320-365-3844 (International Replay)
 

An access code is not required for today’s conference call. The access code for the replay is 432037. The replay will be available from 11:00 a.m. EDT today, until the end of the day on November 14, 2018. The call will also be available through a live webcast at www.antheminc.com under the “Investors” link. A webcast replay will be available following the call.

About Anthem, Inc.

Anthem is working to transform health care with trusted and caring solutions. Our health plan companies deliver quality products and services that give their members access to the care they need. With more than 73 million people served by its affiliated companies, including nearly 40 million within its family of health plans, Anthem is one of the nation’s leading health benefits companies. For more information about Anthem’s family of companies, please visit www.antheminc.com/companies.

 
Anthem, Inc.
Membership Summary
(Unaudited and in Thousands)
         
Change from
September 30, September 30, December 31,

September 30,

December 31,

Medical Membership

2018 2017 2017 2017 2017
Customer Type
Local Group 15,703 15,857 15,870 (1.0 )% (1.1 )%
Individual 692 1,696 1,588 (59.2 )% (56.4 )%
 
National:
National Accounts 7,783 7,718 7,683 0.8 % 1.3 %
BlueCard® 5,630   5,491   5,521   2.5 % 2.0 %
 
Total National 13,413 13,209 13,204 1.5 % 1.6 %
Medicare 1,765 1,498 1,545 17.8 % 14.2 %
Medicaid 6,374 6,433 6,475 (0.9 )% (1.6 )%
FEP® 1,557   1,564   1,562   (0.4 )% (0.3 )%
Total Medical Membership 39,504   40,257   40,244   (1.9 )% (1.8 )%
Funding Arrangement
Self-Funded 25,284 24,945 24,966 1.4 % 1.3 %
Fully-Insured 14,220   15,312   15,278   (7.1 )% (6.9 )%
Total Medical Membership 39,504   40,257   40,244   (1.9 )% (1.8 )%
Reportable Segment
Commercial & Specialty Business 29,808 30,762 30,662 (3.1 )% (2.8 )%
Government Business 9,696   9,495   9,582   2.1 % 1.2 %
Total Medical Membership 39,504   40,257   40,244   (1.9 )% (1.8 )%

Other Membership

Life and Disability Members 4,701 4,717 4,700 (0.3 )% %
Dental Members 5,804 5,803 5,864 % (1.0 )%
Dental Administration Members 5,367 5,351 5,342 0.3 % 0.5 %
Vision Members 6,906 6,905 6,867 % 0.6 %
Medicare Advantage Part D Members 951 693 702 37.2 % 35.5 %
Medicare Part D Standalone Members 312 320 318 (2.5 )% (1.9 )%
 
 
Anthem, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)
     
Three Months Ended

(In millions, except per share data)

September 30
2018 2017 Change
Revenues
Premiums $ 21,451 $ 20,797 3.1 %
Administrative fees and other revenue 1,529   1,300   17.6 %
Total operating revenue 22,980 22,097 4.0 %
Net investment income 250 220 13.6 %
Net realized gains on financial instruments 27 115 (76.5 )%
Other-than-temporary impairment losses on investments:
Total other-than-temporary impairment losses on investments (8 ) (6 ) 33.3 %
Portion of other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in other comprehensive income 2     NM
Other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in income (6 ) (6 ) %
 
Total revenues 23,251 22,426 3.7 %
 
Expenses
Benefit expense 18,185 18,104 0.4 %
Selling, general and administrative expense:
Selling expense 330 348 (5.2 )%
General and administrative expense 3,216   2,663   20.8 %
Total selling, general and administrative expense 3,546 3,011 17.8 %
Interest expense 188 150 25.3 %
Amortization of other intangible assets 91 42 116.7 %
(Gain) loss on extinguishment of debt (1 )   NM
 
Total expenses 22,009   21,307   3.3 %
 
Income before income tax expense 1,242 1,119 11.0 %
 
Income tax expense 282   372   (24.2 )%
 
Net income $ 960   $ 747   28.5 %
 
Net income per diluted share $ 3.62   $ 2.80   29.3 %
 
Diluted shares 265.4 267.0 (0.6 )%
 
Benefit expense as a percentage of premiums 84.8 % 87.0 % (220 )bp
Selling, general and administrative expense as a percentage of total operating revenue 15.4 % 13.6 % 180 bp
Income before income taxes as a percentage of total revenue 5.3 % 5.0 % 30 bp
 

(1) "NM" = calculation not meaningful

 
Anthem, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)
     
Nine Months Ended

(In millions, except per share data)

September 30
2018 2017 Change
Revenues
Premiums $ 63,602 $ 62,561 1.7 %
Administrative fees and other revenue 4,435   4,053   9.4 %
Total operating revenue 68,037 66,614 2.1 %
Net investment income 708 628 12.7 %
Net realized (losses)/gains on financial instruments 5 138 NM
Other-than-temporary impairment losses on investments:
Total other-than-temporary impairment losses on investments (20 ) (23 ) (13.0 )%
Portion of other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in other comprehensive income 2   2   NM
Other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in income (18 ) (21 ) (14.3 )%
 
Total revenues 68,732 67,359 2.0 %
 
Expenses
Benefit expense 52,959 53,564 (1.1 )%
Selling, general and administrative expense:
Selling expense 972 1,042 (6.7 )%
General and administrative expense 9,430   8,214   14.8 %
Total selling, general and administrative expense 10,402 9,256 12.4 %
Interest expense 564 575 (1.9 )%
Amortization of other intangible assets 265 124 113.7 %
(Gain) loss on extinguishment of debt 17     NM
 
Total expenses 64,207   63,519   1.1 %
 
Income before income tax expense 4,525 3,840 17.8 %
 
Income tax expense 1,200   1,228   (2.3 )%
 
Net income $ 3,325   $ 2,612   27.3 %
 
Net income per diluted share $ 12.58   $ 9.70   29.7 %
 
Diluted shares 264.3 269.4 (1.9 )%
 
Benefit expense as a percentage of premiums 83.3 % 85.6 % (230 )bp
Selling, general and administrative expense as a percentage of total operating revenue 15.3 % 13.9 % 140 bp
Income before income taxes as a percentage of total revenue 6.6 % 5.7 % 90 bp
 

(1) "NM" = calculation not meaningful

 
Anthem, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
  September 30,   December 31,

(In millions)

2018 2017
Assets (Unaudited)
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 4,260 $ 3,609
Fixed maturity securities 17,390 17,377
Equity securities 2,272 3,599
Other invested assets, current 21 17
Accrued investment income 163 163
Premium receivables 4,312 3,605
Self-funded receivables 2,631 2,580
Other receivables 2,374 2,267
Income taxes receivable 69 342
Securities lending collateral 741 455
Other current assets 2,875   2,249  
Total current assets 37,108 36,263
 
Long-term investments:
Fixed maturity securities 496 561
Equity securities 34 33
Other invested assets 3,572 3,344
Property and equipment, net 2,592 2,175
Goodwill 20,468 19,231
Other intangible assets 9,101 8,368
Other noncurrent assets 1,074   565  

Total assets

$ 74,445   $ 70,540  
 
Liabilities and shareholders’ equity
Liabilities
Current liabilities:
Policy liabilities:
Medical claims payable $ 7,658 $ 7,992
Reserves for future policy benefits 71 70
Other policyholder liabilities 2,929   2,950  
Total policy liabilities 10,658 11,012
Unearned income 896 860
Accounts payable and accrued expenses 6,286 5,024
Security trades pending payable 168 113
Securities lending payable 741 454
Short-term borrowings 1,270 1,275
Current portion of long-term debt 849 1,275
Other current liabilities 3,306   3,343  
Total current liabilities 24,174 23,356
 
Long-term debt, less current portion 17,300 17,382
Reserves for future policy benefits, noncurrent 669 647
Deferred tax liabilities, net 2,063 1,727
Other noncurrent liabilities 1,145   925  
Total liabilities 45,351   44,037  
 
Shareholders’ equity
Common stock 3 3
Additional paid-in capital 9,720 8,547
Retained earnings 20,182 18,054
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (811 ) (101 )
Total shareholders’ equity 29,094   26,503  
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $ 74,445   $ 70,540  
 
 
Anthem, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
   
Nine Months Ended

(In millions)

September 30
2018 2017
Operating activities
Net income $3,325 $2,612
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Net realized losses/(gains) on financial instruments (5 ) (138 )
Other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in income 18 21
Loss on extinguishment of debt 17
Loss on disposal of assets 2 3
Deferred income taxes 141 (238 )
Amortization, net of accretion 752 581
Depreciation expense 92 82
Share-based compensation 135 131
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Receivables, net (823 ) 612
Other invested assets (17 ) (26 )
Other assets (734 ) (517 )
Policy liabilities (556 ) 275
Unearned income (42 ) 970
Accounts payable and accrued expenses 756 563
Other liabilities 190 251
Income taxes 273 356
Other, net (160 ) (52 )
Net cash provided by operating activities 3,364 5,486
 
Investing activities
Purchases of fixed maturity securities (6,790 ) (10,271 )
Proceeds from sales and maturities of fixed maturity securities 6,413 9,056
Purchases of equity securities (812 ) (481 )
Proceeds from sales of equity securities 2,119 621
Purchases of other invested assets (324 ) (253 )
Proceeds from sales of other invested assets 251 164
Change in collateral and settlements of non-hedging derivatives 65
Changes in securities lending collateral (286 ) 172
Purchases of subsidiaries, net of cash acquired (1,732 ) (34 )
Net purchases of property and equipment (888 ) (513 )
Other, net 17   12  
Net cash used in investing activities (2,032 ) (1,462 )
 
Financing activities
Net (repayments of)/proceeds from commercial paper borrowings (54 ) 687
Net (repayments of)/proceeds from short-term borrowings (5 ) 740
Net repayments of long-term borrowings (558 ) (930 )
Changes in securities lending payable 287 (173 )
Changes in bank overdrafts 97 (127 )
Proceeds from sale of put options 1
Proceeds from issuance of common stock under Equity Units stock purchase contracts 1,250
Repurchase and retirement of common stock (1,192 ) (1,635 )
Change in collateral and settlements of debt-related derivatives 22 (176 )
Cash dividends (583 ) (525 )
Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee stock plans 133 178
Taxes paid through withholding of common stock under employee stock plans (77 ) (46 )
Net cash used in financing activities (680 ) (2,006 )
 
Effect of foreign exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents (1 ) 4  
 
Change in cash and cash equivalents 651 2,022
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year 3,609   4,075  
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $4,260 $6,097
 
 
Anthem, Inc.
Reconciliation of Medical Claims Payable
 
  Nine Months Ended  
September 30 Years Ended December 31
2018   2017 2017   2016   2015

(In millions)

(Unaudited)   (Unaudited)
 
Gross medical claims payable, beginning of period $ 7,992 $ 7,893 $ 7,893 $ 7,570 $ 6,861
Ceded medical claims payable, beginning of period (105 ) (539 ) (539 ) (646 ) (767 )
Net medical claims payable, beginning of period 7,887   7,354   7,354   6,924   6,094  
 
Business combinations and purchase adjustments 199 76 122
 
Net incurred medical claims:
Current year 52,576 53,505 71,872 66,371 60,708
Prior years redundancies(1) (866 ) (1,066 ) (1,165 ) (850 ) (800 )
Total net incurred medical claims 51,710   52,439   70,707   65,521   59,908  
 
Net payments attributable to:
Current year medical claims 45,514 45,998 64,250 59,157 54,068
Prior years medical claims 6,662   5,932   6,001   5,935   5,132  
Total net payments 52,176   51,930   70,251   65,092   59,200  
 
Net medical claims payable, end of period 7,620 7,863 7,887 7,354 6,924
Ceded medical claims payable, end of period 38   101   105   539   646  
Gross medical claims payable, end of period $ 7,658   $ 7,964   $ 7,992   $ 7,893   $ 7,570  
 
Current year medical claims paid as a percentage of current year net incurred medical claims 86.6 % 86.0 % 89.4 % 89.1 % 89.1 %
 
Prior year redundancies in the current year as a percentage of prior year net medical claims payable less prior year redundancies in the current year 12.3 % 17.0 % 18.8 % 14.0 % 15.1 %
 
Prior year redundancies in the current year as a percentage of prior year net incurred medical claims 1.2 % 1.6 % 1.8 % 1.4 % 1.4 %
 

(1) Negative amounts reported for net incurred medical claims related to prior years result from claims being settled for amounts less than originally estimated.

 
 
Anthem, Inc.
GAAP Reconciliation

(Unaudited)

 

Anthem, Inc. has referenced “Adjusted Net Income” and “Adjusted Net Income Per Share,” which are non-GAAP measures, in this document. These non-GAAP measures are not intended to be alternatives to any measure calculated in accordance with GAAP. In addition to these non-GAAP measures, references are made to the measures “Operating Revenue” and “Operating Gain.” Each of these measures is provided to further aid investors in understanding and analyzing the company’s core operating results and comparing Anthem, Inc.’s financial results. A reconciliation of Operating Revenue to Total Revenue is set forth in the Consolidated Statements of Income herein. A reconciliation of the non-GAAP measures to the most directly comparable measures calculated in accordance with GAAP, together with a reconciliation of reportable segments operating gain to income before income tax expense, is reported below. Prior amounts may be rounded differently to conform to current presentation.

       
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30 September 30

(In millions, except per share data)

2018   2017 Change 2018   2017 Change
Net income $ 960 $ 747 28.5 % $ 3,325 $ 2,612 27.3 %
Add / (Subtract):
Net realized losses/(gains) on financial instruments (27 ) (115 ) (5 ) (138 )
Amortization of other intangible assets 91 42 265 124
Other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in income 6 6 18 21
(Gain)/Loss on extinguishment of debt (1 ) 17
Transaction related costs 6 9 157
2015 cyber attack litigation 115
Penn Treaty assessment costs 254
Income tax true-up of prior transaction costs (69 )
Tax impact of non-GAAP adjustments (18 ) 22   (73 ) (191 )
Net adjustment items 51   (39 ) 231   273  
Adjusted net income $ 1,011   $ 708   42.8 % $ 3,556   $ 2,885   23.3 %
 
Net income per diluted share $ 3.62 $ 2.80 29.3 % $ 12.58 $ 9.70 29.7 %
Add / (Subtract):
Net realized losses/(gains) on financial instruments (0.10 ) (0.43 ) (0.02 ) (0.51 )
Amortization of other intangible assets 0.34 0.16 1.00 0.46
Other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in income 0.02 0.02 0.07 0.08
(Gain)/Loss on extinguishment of debt 0.06
Transaction related costs 0.02 0.03 0.58
2015 cyber attack litigation 0.43
Penn Treaty assessment costs 0.94
Income tax true-up of prior transaction costs (0.26 )
Tax impact of non-GAAP adjustments (0.07 ) 0.08 (0.28 ) (0.71 )
Rounding Impact     0.01    
Net adjustment items 0.19   (0.15 ) 0.87   1.01  
Adjusted net income per diluted share $ 3.81   $ 2.65   43.8 % $ 13.45   $ 10.71   25.6 %
 
Full Year 2018 Outlook
Net income per diluted share Greater than $14.46
Add / (Subtract):
Net realized losses/(gains) on financial instruments (0.02 )
Other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in income 0.07
(Gain)/Loss on extinguishment of debt 0.06
Transaction related costs 0.03
Amortization of other intangible assets Approximately $1.36
Tax impact of non-GAAP adjustments Approximately ($0.36)
Net adjustment items Approximately $1.14
Adjusted net income per diluted share Greater than $15.60
 
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30 September 30

(In millions)

2018 2017 Change 2018 2017 Change
Reportable segments operating gain $ 1,249 $ 982 27.2 % $ 4,676 $ 3,794 23.2 %
Net investment income 250 220 708 628
Net realized gains/(losses) on financial instruments 27 115 5 138
Other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in income (6 ) (6 ) (18 ) (21 )
Interest expense (188 ) (150 ) (564 ) (575 )
Amortization of other intangible assets (91 ) (42 ) (265 ) (124 )
(Gain)/Loss on extinguishment of debt 1     (17 )  
Income before income tax expense $ 1,242   $ 1,119   11.0 % $ 4,525   $ 3,840   17.8 %
 

Forward-Looking Statements

This document contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements reflect our views about future events and financial performance and are generally not historical facts. Words such as “expect,” “feel,” “believe,” “will,” “may,” “should,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “project,” “forecast,” “plan” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements include, but are not limited to: financial projections and estimates and their underlying assumptions; statements regarding plans, objectives and expectations with respect to future operations, products and services; and statements regarding future performance. Such statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties, many of which are difficult to predict and generally beyond our control, that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied or projected by, the forward-looking statements. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements that speak only as of the date hereof. You are also urged to carefully review and consider the various risks and other disclosures discussed in our reports filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time, which attempt to advise interested parties of the factors that affect our business. Except to the extent otherwise required by federal securities laws, we do not undertake any obligation to republish revised forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: the impact of federal and state regulation, including ongoing changes in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, as amended, or collectively the ACA; trends in healthcare costs and utilization rates; our ability to contract with providers on cost-effective and competitive terms; our ability to secure sufficient premium rates including regulatory approval for and implementation of such rates; reduced enrollment; risks and uncertainties regarding Medicare and Medicaid programs, including those related to non-compliance with the complex regulations imposed thereon, our ability to maintain and achieve improvement in Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, or CMS, Star ratings and other quality scores and funding risks with respect to revenue received from participation therein; competitive pressures, including competitor pricing, which could affect our ability to maintain or increase our market share; a negative change in our healthcare product mix; our ability to adapt to changes in the industry and develop and implement strategic growth opportunities; costs and other liabilities associated with litigation, government investigations, audits or reviews; the ultimate outcome of litigation between Cigna Corporation, or Cigna, and us related to the merger agreement between the parties, including our claim for damages against Cigna, Cigna’s claim for payment of a termination fee and other damages against us, and the potential for such litigation to cause us to incur substantial costs, materially distract management and negatively impact our reputation and financial positions; medical malpractice or professional liability claims or other risks related to healthcare services provided by our subsidiaries; possible restrictions in the payment of dividends by our subsidiaries and increases in required minimum levels of capital; the potential negative effect from our substantial amount of outstanding indebtedness; a downgrade in our financial strength ratings; the effects of any negative publicity related to the health benefits industry in general or us in particular; unauthorized disclosure of member or employee sensitive or confidential information, including the impact and outcome of any investigations, inquiries, claims and litigation related thereto; failure to effectively maintain and modernize our information systems; non-compliance by any party with the Express Scripts, Inc. pharmacy benefit management services agreement, which could result in financial penalties, our inability to meet customer demands, and sanctions imposed by governmental entities, including CMS; state guaranty fund assessments for insolvent insurers; events that may negatively affect our licenses with the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association; regional concentrations of our business and future public health epidemics and catastrophes; general risks associated with mergers, acquisitions and strategic alliances; our ability to repurchase shares of our common stock and pay dividends on our common stock due to the adequacy of our cash flow and earnings and other considerations; possible impairment of the value of our intangible assets if future results do not adequately support goodwill and other intangible assets; changes in economic and market conditions, as well as regulations that may negatively affect our liquidity and investment portfolios; changes in U.S. tax laws; intense competition to attract and retain employees; various laws and provisions in our governing documents that may prevent or discourage takeovers and business combinations; and general economic downturns.

Contacts

Anthem Inc.:
Investor Relations
Chris Rigg
Chris.rigg@anthem.com
or
Media
Jill Becher, 414-234-1573
Jill.becher@anthem.com

Contacts

Anthem Inc.:
Investor Relations
Chris Rigg
Chris.rigg@anthem.com
or
Media
Jill Becher, 414-234-1573
Jill.becher@anthem.com