Due to rushed installation in 2016, the output of electric buses fell by 22.2% over the previous year in China, to 105,000 units in 2017
Higher threshold of new energy bus subsidy policies greatly affected the Chinese new energy bus market in the first half of 2017. The market picked up in the second half of the year because of clearer trend in policy adjustment. Besides subsidies, there are more policy supports for new energy vehicle, and the demand from city bus and coach going electric will continue to expand over the next couple of years. However, the new energy bus market is still dominated by city bus and logistics vehicle, and other passenger transport markets remain to be tapped.
The new subsidy policy, introduced in Feb 2018, put forward higher requirements on EKG compared with the 2017 version. The subsidies for plug-in electric bus were halved on the basis of the 2017 level.
Output mix: In 2017, battery electric bus output was 88,556 units, down 23.4% year on year and accounting for 84.2% of total new energy buses; 8-10m and 10m-and-above battery electric bus models prevailed.
About 76% of city bus sales in 2017 were new energy ones, but its penetration in bus stock market in tier-three or four cities remains low. Given that the country lowers subsidies for fuel-powered city-bus year after year and gives more support for electric city bus and the positive externality of new energy city-bus towards municipal administration and environment is distinct, it is expected the trend of city-bus going electric will continue and the penetration of new energy buses in existing city buses will be lifted further. Provinces like Guangdong, Hebei, Henan, Shaanxi and Hainan have rolled out plans to help implementation of new energy city bus promotion programmes.
Against the backdrop of subsidy transition, new energy bus shined in the first quarter of 2018, with single-season sales totaling 8,607 units, a year-on-year upsurge of 320.7%, including 8,198 city buses or 95.2%, up 308.67% over the same period of last year, largely thanks to extension of the 2017 subsidy policy. Following the end of transitional period, the subsidies come down but technical requirements grow stricter. Moreover, new capacity built in the past few years under the stimulation of policies will go into production. As a result, output and sales of new energy buses are unlikely to grow remarkably; the industry will be further reshuffled, with small new energy bus producers utterly relying on subsidies to be phased out from the market.
Given increments contributed by urbanization to the city bus market, especially the new energy city bus increments in tier-three or four cities, as well as higher penetration in intercity coach market following maturity of new energy technology and cost reduction, the output and sales of new energy buses are expected to surpass 150,000 units in 2021.
Key Topics Covered:
1 Overview of Electric Bus
2 Industry Chain
3 Major Industrial Policies
4 Chinese Electric Bus Market
5 Chinese Electric Bus Manufacturers
- Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co., Ltd.
- Xiamen King Long Motor Group Co., Ltd.
- Nanjing Golden Dragon Bus Co., Ltd.
- Zhongtong Bus Holding Co., Ltd.
- Beiqi Foton Motor Co., Ltd.
- Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation
- Hunan CSR Times Electric Vehicle Co., Ltd.
- Anhui Ankai Automobile Co., Ltd.
- Jinhua Youngman Automobile Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
- Chongqing Hengtong Bus Co., Ltd.
- Shenzhen Wuzhoulong Motors Co., Ltd.
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