Cubic Reports Third Quarter Fiscal Year 2017 Financial Results

  • Sales of $361.9 million for the quarter and $1.040 billion for the nine-month period.
  • Net loss of $22.0 million or $0.81 per share for the quarter and net loss of $24.4 million, or $0.90 per share for the nine-month period.
  • Adjusted EBITDA(1) of $18.5 million for the quarter and $55.4 million for the nine-month period.
  • Total backlog of $2.632 billion as of June 30, 2017.

SAN DIEGO--()--Cubic Corporation (NYSE: CUB) today announced its financial results for the quarter and nine months ended June 30, 2017.

“This quarter, we continued our investments in the future of our transportation business. We also delivered strong growth in our C4ISR business that has been the focus of our M&A growth in recent quarters. Overall, we expect very good organic growth in the near term,” said Bradley H. Feldmann, president and chief executive officer of Cubic Corporation. “Our strategy has been validated by a number of recent contract wins and awards.”

Financial Results Comparison

       
 
Nine Months Ended Three Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2017   2016   2017   2016
(in millions)
Sales $ 1,040.3 $ 1,055.1 $ 361.9 $ 375.2
Operating income (loss) $ (7.9 ) $ (3.3 ) $ (1.7 ) $ 13.9
Adjusted EBITDA (1) $ 55.4 $ 82.3 $ 18.5 $ 40.7
Net income (loss) $ (24.4 ) $ 9.2 $ (22.0 ) $ 4.5
EPS $ (0.90 ) $ 0.34 $ (0.81 ) $ 0.17
 
Acquisition-related costs (excluding amortization) (2) $ (0.8 ) $ 27.6 $ (1.5 ) $ 3.7
Strategic and IT system resource planning expenses (2) $ 23.6 $ 24.4 $ 8.9 $ 8.5
Depreciation and amortization expense $ 38.2 $ 31.9 $ 12.4 $ 13.0
Research and development expense $ 38.8 $ 18.1 $ 16.9 $ 8.5
Income tax provision (benefit) $ 5.7 $ (20.3 ) $ 17.8 $ 4.4
 

Sales for the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2017 would have been $5.4 million higher and $20.3 million higher, respectively, absent the negative impact from changes in foreign currency rates compared to last year. Sales from recent acquisitions for the third quarter of fiscal 2017 were $28.4 million compared to $14.3 million for the third quarter last year, and $69.2 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2017 compared to $28.0 million for the first nine months last year. Sales were lower on decreased transportation system development contracts in North America and Australia, but increased due to an $8.0 million gain recognized by Cubic Global Defense Systems (CGD Systems) in the third quarter of this year related to the approval of a contract adjustment with the U.S. Navy.

The operating loss for the third quarter and increase in the operating loss for the first nine months of fiscal 2017 were primarily driven by significant acceleration of investment in research & development (R&D) activity and bid preparation expense, particularly in the transportation business, and losses on a market-entry contract in the road tolling industry. The operating losses for the quarter and nine-month period were partially offset by the $8.0 million gain noted above related to a contract adjustment approved by the U.S. Navy. The increase in the operating loss for the first nine months of the fiscal year was also partially offset by a reduction in general and administrative expenses that was primarily attributable to a decrease in acquisition-related expenses from acquired businesses.

The decreases in Adjusted EBITDA(1) for the third quarter and first nine months of the year are primarily attributable to the same matters noted above that impacted operating losses, with the exception of the change in acquisition-related expenses, as acquisition-related expenses are excluded from the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA(1). The change in net income was primarily caused by the change in operating losses described above, by an increase in interest expense and a change in the effective tax rate, which was principally due to the use of a different method for calculating income tax expense adopted in the third quarter of fiscal 2017. For the three-month period ended June 30, 2017, a cumulative adjustment of $20.1 million was recorded in order to use a blend of the discrete effective tax rate method and the estimated annual effective tax rate method to calculate income tax expense. Management’s best estimate is that the effective tax rate for the fourth quarter should be considerably below the U.S. statutory rate of 35 percent.

(1)     EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP financial measures — see the section titled “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information” for additional information regarding these non-GAAP financial measures.
(2) See the section below titled “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information” for a description of the composition of these items.
 
   

Reportable Segment Results

 
Nine Months Ended Three Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2017     2016   2017     2016  
Sales: (in millions)
Cubic Transportation Systems $ 407.9 $ 430.5 $ 136.4 $ 156.0
Cubic Global Defense Systems 350.7 331.3 129.8 119.0
Cubic Global Defense Services   281.7     293.3     95.7     100.2  
Total sales $ 1,040.3   $ 1,055.1   $ 361.9   $ 375.2  
 
Operating income (loss):
Cubic Transportation Systems $ 16.6 $ 43.9 $ (0.9 ) $ 20.5
Cubic Global Defense Systems 4.0 (23.7 ) 8.9 0.9
Cubic Global Defense Services 4.8 9.3 3.2 4.8
Unallocated corporate expenses   (33.3 )   (32.8 )   (12.9 )   (12.3 )
Total operating income (loss) $ (7.9 ) $ (3.3 ) $ (1.7 ) $ 13.9  
 

Cubic Transportation Systems (CTS) sales for the quarter were lower primarily due to the adverse impacts of foreign currency exchange rates and decreased system development work on contracts in North America and Australia. CTS sales for the first nine months of the fiscal year were lower due to foreign currency exchange rates. CTS operating income was lower due to increases in bid preparation and R&D expenditures, including $3.0 million and $6.4 million of costs incurred in the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2017, respectively, for the development of advanced technologies that will be used on a major transportation contract that is expected to be awarded later in fiscal 2017. Operating income for the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2017 also decreased due to the adverse impacts of foreign currency exchange rates, a cost increase on a U.K. service contract and losses on a market-entry contract in the road tolling industry.

CGD Systems sales were positively affected by increases in sales from acquired businesses. Sales from recent CGD Systems acquisitions for the third quarter of fiscal 2017 were $28.4 million compared to $14.3 million for the third quarter last year, and $69.2 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2017 compared to $28.0 million for the first nine months last year. Operating income for the quarter and nine-month period benefited from a gain recognized in the third quarter this year of $8.0 million related to the approval of a contract adjustment with the U.S. Navy for a virtual training system. The improvement in CGD Systems operating results for the first nine months of the fiscal year was primarily driven by the effects of accounting for business acquisitions in fiscal 2016 and 2017. Including the impacts of business acquisition accounting and amortization expense, businesses acquired in fiscal years 2017 and 2016 had operating income of $0.9 million for the third quarter of fiscal 2017 compared to an operating loss of $4.1 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2016. Acquired businesses incurred an operating loss of $6.5 million in the first nine months of 2017 compared to $26.8 million in the first nine months of 2016. Included in the operating loss for the first nine months of fiscal year 2016 are business acquisition transaction costs of $27.0 million. In addition, CGD Systems increased R&D expenditures in fiscal 2017, primarily for the development of innovative ground live and virtual training technologies.

Cubic Global Defense Services (CGD Services) sales for the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2017 were lower primarily due to decreased activity on U.S. Army contracts, excluding the contract with the Joint Readiness Training Center, as well as lower activity supporting Special Operations Forces training. The decrease in CGD Services operating income was primarily driven by the decreased activity on the U.S. Army and Special Operations Forces training contracts noted immediately above. In addition, certain contracts that were retained after re-compete were won in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 at reduced pricing. These reductions in operating profit were partially offset by a decrease in the amortization expense on purchased intangible assets which are amortized based upon accelerated methods.

Conference Call

Cubic management will host a conference call to discuss the company’s third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2017 results today, Thursday, August 3, at 4:30 p.m. EDT/1:30 p.m. PDT, which will be simultaneously broadcast over the Internet. Bradley H. Feldmann, president and chief executive officer and John “Jay” D. Thomas, executive vice president and chief financial officer, will host the call.

Conference Dial-In Information

Financial analysts and institutional investors interested in participating in the call are invited to dial:

  • (877) 407-9708 for domestic callers.
  • (201) 689-8259 for international callers.

Please dial-in approximately 10 minutes prior to the start of the call.

Audio Webcast

A live webcast of the conference call and presentation slides will be accessible on our website under the “Investor Relations” tab at www.cubic.com. Please visit the website at least 15 minutes prior to the call in order to register, download and install any streaming media software needed to listen to the webcast. A replay of the broadcast will be available on the “Investor Relations” tab of Cubic’s website.

About Cubic Corporation

Cubic Corporation designs, integrates and operates systems, products and services focused in the transportation, defense training and secure communications markets. Cubic Transportation Systems is a leading integrator of payment and information technology and services to create intelligent travel solutions for transportation authorities and operators. Cubic Global Defense is a leading provider of live, virtual, constructive and game-based training solutions, special operations and intelligence for the U.S. and allied forces. Cubic Mission Solutions provides networked Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) capabilities for defense, intelligence, security and commercial missions. For more information about Cubic, please visit the company’s website at www.cubic.com or on Twitter @CubicCorp.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that are subject to the safe harbor created by such Act. Forward-looking statements include, among others, statements about our expectations regarding future events or our future financial and/or operating performance; our expectations regarding organic growth in the near term; and the use of our technologies on a transportation contract that is expected to be awarded later in fiscal 2017. These statements are often, but not always, made through the use of words or phrases such as “may,” “will,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “project,” “continuing,” “ongoing,” “expect,” “believe,” “intend,” “predict,” “potential,” “opportunity” and similar words or phrases or the negatives of these words or phrases. These statements involve risks, estimates, assumptions and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in these statements, including, among others: our dependence on U.S. and foreign government contracts; delays in approving U.S. and foreign government budgets and cuts in U.S. and foreign government defense expenditures; the ability of certain government agencies to unilaterally terminate or modify our contracts with them; the effect of sequestration on our contracts; our assumptions concerning behavior by public transit authorities; our ability to successfully integrate new companies into our business and to properly assess the effects of such integration on our financial condition; the U.S. government’s increased emphasis on awarding contracts to small businesses, and our ability to retain existing contracts or win new contracts under competitive bidding processes; negative audits by the U.S. government; the effects of politics and economic conditions on negotiations and business dealings in the various countries in which we do business or intend to do business; risks associated with the restatement of our prior consolidated financial statements, including our identification of material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting; competition and technology changes in the defense and transportation industries; the change in the way transit agencies pay for transit systems; our ability to accurately estimate the time and resources necessary to satisfy obligations under our contracts; the effect of adverse regulatory changes on our ability to sell products and services; our ability to identify, attract and retain qualified employees; our failure to properly implement our ERP system; unforeseen problems with the implementation and maintenance of our information systems; business disruptions due to cyber security threats, physical threats, terrorist acts, acts of nature and public health crises; our involvement in litigation, including litigation related to patents, proprietary rights and employee misconduct; our reliance on subcontractors and on a limited number of third parties to manufacture and supply our products; our ability to comply with our development contracts and to successfully develop, introduce and sell new products, systems and services in current and future markets; defects in, or a lack of adequate coverage by insurance or indemnity for, our products and systems; and changes in U.S. and foreign tax laws, exchange rates or our economic assumptions regarding our pension plans. In addition, please refer to the risk factors contained in our SEC filings available at www.sec.gov, including our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. Because the risks, estimates, assumptions and uncertainties referred to above could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements, you should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date hereof, and, except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information

We believe that the presentation of Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) and Adjusted EBITDA included in this report provides useful information to investors with which to analyze our operating trends and performance and ability to service and incur debt. Also, we believe EBITDA facilitates company-to-company operating performance comparisons by backing out potential differences caused by variations in capital structures (affecting net interest expense), taxation, variations in organic vs. inorganic growth (affecting amortization expense) and the age and book depreciation of property, plant and equipment (affecting relative depreciation expense). We believe Adjusted EBITDA further facilitates company-to-company operating comparisons by backing out items that we believe are not part of our core operating performance. Items backed out of Adjusted EBITDA are comprised of expenses incurred in the development of our ERP system and the redesign of our supply chain, business acquisition expenses including retention bonus expenses, due diligence and consulting costs incurred in connection with the acquisitions, expenses recognized related to the change in the fair value of contingent consideration for acquisitions, restructuring costs, gains and losses on disposals of fixed assets, and income and expenses classified as other non-operating income and expenses which may vary for different companies for reasons unrelated to operating performance.

In addition, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are key drivers of the company’s core operating performance and major factors in management’s bonus compensation each year. Management has excluded the effects of these items in these measures to assist investors in analyzing and assessing our past and future core operating performance.

In addition, we believe that EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are frequently used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties in their evaluation of companies, many of which present EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and/or other adjusted measures when reporting their results.

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not measurements of financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as alternatives to net income as a measure of performance. In addition, other companies may define EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA differently and, as a result, our measures of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may not be directly comparable to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA of other companies. Furthermore, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA have limitations as analytical tools, and you should not consider either of them in isolation, or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP.

Because of these limitations, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as measures of discretionary cash available to us to invest in the growth of our business. We compensate for these limitations by relying primarily on our GAAP results and using EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA only supplementally. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on EBITDA or Adjusted EBITDA.

The following table reconciles EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss), which we consider to be the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA.

     
Nine Months Ended Three Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
  2017         2016     2017         2016
(in thousands)
 
Net income (loss) $ (24,364 ) $ 9,228 $ (21,957 ) $ 4,498
 
Add:
Interest expense, net 11,483 6,251 4,108 3,071
Income taxes 5,733 (20,281 ) 17,819 4,394
Depreciation and amortization   38,154     31,943     12,418     12,966
EBITDA   31,006     27,141     12,388     24,929
 
Adjustments to EBITDA:
Acquisition related expenses, excluding amortization (834 ) 27,633 (1,500 ) 3,678
ERP system development and supply chain process redesign expense 23,577 24,428 8,932 8,493
Restructuring costs 1,950 1,615 350 1,690
Loss on sale of fixed assets 405 - - -
Other non-operating expense (income), net   (722 )   1,532     (1,667 )   1,930
Adjusted EBITDA $ 55,382   $ 82,349   $ 18,503   $ 40,720
 

Financial Statements

       
CUBIC CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)
 
Nine Months Ended Three Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2017   2016   2017   2016  
Net sales:
Products $ 466,071 $ 451,329 $ 167,143 $ 170,566
Services   574,184     603,748     194,726     204,674  
1,040,255 1,055,077 361,869 375,240
Costs and expenses:
Products 334,590 328,422 120,575 108,785
Services 464,505 478,647 157,781 164,053
Selling, general and administrative expenses 183,208 206,897 60,094 68,632
Research and development 38,779 18,146 16,901 8,521
Amortization of purchased intangibles 25,093 24,620 7,865 9,666
Restructuring costs   1,950     1,615     350     1,690  
  1,048,125     1,058,347     363,566     361,347  
 
Operating income (loss) (7,870 ) (3,270 ) (1,697 ) 13,893
 
Other income (expenses):
Interest and dividend income 719 1,152 249 415
Interest expense (12,202 ) (7,403 ) (4,357 ) (3,486 )
Other income (expense), net   722     (1,532 )   1,667     (1,930 )
 
Income (loss) before income taxes (18,631 ) (11,053 ) (4,138 ) 8,892
 
Income tax provision (benefit)   5,733     (20,281 )   17,819     4,394  
 
Net income (loss) $ (24,364 ) $ 9,228   $ (21,957 ) $ 4,498  
 
Net income (loss) per share:
Basic $ (0.90 ) $ 0.34 $ (0.81 ) $ 0.17
Diluted $ (0.90 ) $ 0.34 $ (0.81 ) $ 0.17
 
Dividends per common share $ 0.14 $ 0.14 $ $
 
Weighted average shares used in per share calculations:
Basic 27,100 26,971 27,110 26,977
Diluted 27,100 27,010 27,110 27,058
 
   
CUBIC CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 
June 30, September 30,
2017   2016  
ASSETS
 
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 67,064 $ 197,127
Restricted cash 4,564 75,648
Marketable securities 13,060 12,996
Accounts receivable - net 361,843 382,581
Recoverable income taxes 4,951 9,706
Inventories - net 103,438 66,362
Other current assets   33,614     38,231  
Total current assets   588,534     782,651  
 
Long-term contract receivables 21,301 20,926
Long-term capitalized contract costs 58,694 65,382
Property, plant and equipment, net 107,910 96,316
Deferred income taxes 2,149 2,194
Goodwill 410,902 406,946
Purchased intangibles, net 103,623 123,403
Other assets   9,800     6,590  
Total assets $ 1,302,913   $ 1,504,408  
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Short-term borrowings $ 104,000 $ 240,000
Trade accounts payable 62,002 81,172
Customer advances 56,277 49,481
Accrued compensation and other current liabilities 120,304 147,690
Income taxes payable 957 1,450
Current portion of long-term debt   452     450  
Total current liabilities   343,992     520,243  
 
Long-term debt 199,978 200,291
Other long-term liabilities 97,455 93,978
 
Shareholders’ equity:
Common stock 35,745 32,756
Retained earnings 784,992 813,035
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (123,171 ) (119,817 )
Treasury stock at cost   (36,078 )   (36,078 )
Total shareholders’ equity   661,488     689,896  
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $ 1,302,913   $ 1,504,408  
 
       
CUBIC CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 
Nine Months Ended Three Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2017   2016   2017   2016  
Operating Activities:
Net income (loss) $ (24,364 ) $ 9,228 $ (21,957 ) $ 4,498
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 38,154 31,943 12,418 12,966
Share-based compensation expense 3,826 6,916 469 2,828
Change in fair value of contingent consideration (4,713 ) (2,756 ) (2,519 ) (1,050 )
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions   (29,417 )   (39,892 )   (16,731 )   23,892  
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) OPERATING ACTIVITIES   (16,514 )   5,439     (28,320 )   43,134  
 
Investing Activities:
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired (12,924 ) (243,483 )
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (25,490 ) (25,883 ) (10,321 ) (4,508 )
Purchases of marketable securities (18,944 ) (21,802 ) (189 ) (7,116 )
Proceeds from sales or maturities of marketable securities 18,944 36,923 6,441 7,053
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets 1,233
Purchase of non-marketable debt and equity securities   (2,200 )            
NET CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES   (39,381 )   (254,245 )   (4,069 )   (4,571 )
 
Financing Activities:
Proceeds from short-term borrowings 93,080 263,300 23,800 10,000
Principal payments on short-term borrowings (229,080 ) (93,300 ) (169,800 ) (20,000 )
Proceeds from long-term borrowings 75,000
Principal payments on long-term debt (320 ) (378 ) (104 ) (124 )
Purchase of common stock (2,449 ) (1,658 ) (94 )
Proceeds in connection with the Company's employee stock purchase plan 1,712 279
Dividends paid (3,679 ) (3,641 )
Contingent consideration payments related to acquisitions of businesses (1,988 ) (1,679 )
Net change in restricted cash   71,084     (4,116 )   72,597     (602 )
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES   (71,640 )   233,528     (73,322 )   (10,726 )
 
Effect of exchange rates on cash   (2,528 )   (29,759 )   4,958     (13,206 )
 
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS (130,063 ) (45,037 ) (100,753 ) 14,631
 
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period   197,127     218,476     167,817     158,808  
 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT THE END OF THE PERIOD $ 67,064   $ 173,439   $ 67,064   $ 173,439  
 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Liability incurred to acquire Vocality, net $ 1,035 $ $ $
Liability incurred to acquire GATR, net $ $ 7,651 $ $
Liability incurred to acquire TeraLogics, net $ $ 4,998 $ $
Liability incurred to acquire H4 Global, net $ $ 952 $ $
 

Contacts

Cubic Corporation
Investor Relations:
Diane Dyer, 858-505-2907
or
Media:
John D. Thomas, 858-505-2989

Contacts

Cubic Corporation
Investor Relations:
Diane Dyer, 858-505-2907
or
Media:
John D. Thomas, 858-505-2989