Half-Year 2016 Results: Carrefour Continues Its Profitable Growth Momentum

Strong growth in organic sales: +2.9%

ROI growth for the eighth consecutive half: +5.3% at constant exchange rates

Adjusted net income, Group share up +0.6%

PARIS--()--Regulatory News:

Carrefour (Paris:CA):

Sales inc. VAT of €40.6bn in H1 (€20.5bn in Q2): Further growth in organic sales

  • Resilient sales in France and Europe in a more difficult consumption environment, notably marked by unfavorable weather conditions
  • Very strong growth in emerging markets, driven by Latin America and Taiwan

Recurring Operating Income of €706m in H1: Strong operational performance

  • Operating margin held up well in France, stable at 1.8%
  • Strong growth in Other European countries, with a 30bp rise in operating margin
  • Growth in profitability in Latin America, with a 12.3% rise in ROI

Investments to support the multiformat and omnichannel model

  • Openings of 305 convenience stores, 97 supermarkets, 5 cash & carry stores and 3 integrated hypermarkets in H1
  • Digital-channel development in all the Group’s countries
  • First contribution of Rue du Commerce in France
  • Creation of Cargo, a real estate company dedicated to logistics controlled by Carrefour and co-financed with third parties
  • Accelerated pace of DIA store conversions in France with 260 stores converted in H1. 412 stores are now under Carrefour banners; the conversion of the 648 stores will be completed as planned at end-2016

2016 objectives

  • Investments1 of between €2.5bn and €2.6bn
  • Increased free cash flow1 and stable year-end net debt vs. end-2015
  • Continued strict financial discipline: maintain BBB+ rating

1 Ex. Cargo

H1 2016 sales and results

Key H1 2016 figures

           

 

€m

 

H1
2016

   

Variation
at
constant
exchange
rates

Sales inc. VAT   40,552     +2.0%
Net sales 36,289 +2.2%
Organic growth         +2.9%
Recurring Operating Income before D&A (EBITDA) 1,448 +3.4%
Recurring Operating Income (ROI)   706     +5.3%
Adjusted net income, Group share   235      
 

H1 2016 sales and Recurring Operating Income

                   

(€m)

  Sales inc. VAT   Net sales  

Organic
growth

Recurring
Operating
Income

 

Variation
at constant

exchange rates

Europe 29,714   26,607 -0.3% 467 +5.0%
Emerging markets 10,838 9,682 +10.1% 266 -6.0%
Global functions             -26    
Total   40,552   36,289   +2.9% 706   +5.3%
 

H1 2016 sales inc. VAT: Solid first-half sales

Sales inc. VAT stood at €40,552m. In the first half, currencies had an adverse effect (-6.1%), as did petrol prices (-1.0%).

In the first half, Carrefour recorded further sales growth, up +2.9% on an organic basis. Emerging markets posted double-digit growth while sales in Europe were stable, impacted by a sluggish consumption environment.

In H1 2016, France posted sales inc. VAT of €19,196m, slightly down on a like-for-like basis, but on the back of three consecutive years of LFL growth in H1.

Sales in international markets stood at €21,356m in H1 2016, up +5.3% like-for-like. Sales in Other European countries were up +2.2% on a like-for-like basis. Latin America continued its strong momentum and posted further LFL sales growth of +14.5% in the half. In Asia, LFL sales were down 5.4%.

First-half 2016 results: Further growth in ROI (+5.3% at constant exchange rates) and adjusted net income (+0.6%)

Income statement

The Group’s Recurring Operating Income (ROI) stood at €706m, up +5.3% at constant exchange rates.

In Europe, ROI was up +5.0% to €467m. Operating margin in France was stable at 1.8% of sales. In Other European countries, ROI posted double-digit growth and operating margin increased by 30 basis points, driven notably by strong performances in Spain and Italy.

Latin America turned in another strong performance, with its ROI up +12.3% at constant exchange rates to €273m. Brazil’s profitability continued to improve, driven by strong LFL sales growth.

In Asia, ROI was impacted by the transformation of our model in China in a context marked by the rapid evolution of consumer expectations. In Taiwan, sales growth continued and operating margin improved.

In the first half of 2016, non-recurring income was a net expense of €114m, principally attributable to reorganization costs in various countries. This compares to an expense of €16m in H1 2015. Net income from continuing operations, Group share, stood at €158m, including the following elements:

  • A decrease in financial expenses for €16m,
  • An effective tax rate of 31.3% vs. 34.3% in H1 2015.

Net income, Group share, stood at €129m. When adjusted mainly for non-recurring income, the Group share of net income is €235m, up +0.6%.

Cash flow and debt

In H1 2016, gross cash flow stood at €1,088m vs. €1,180m in H1 2015. Working capital requirements improved by €179m, from -€2,232m in H1 2015 to -€2,052m in H1 2016.

Total capex reached €1,057m, up vs. H1 2015. Excluding Cargo, capex was €968m, reflecting a better distribution over the year between the two halves. These investments included the planned acceleration of the conversion of DIA stores to Carrefour banners.

Free cash flow stood at -€2,259m, reflecting the seasonality of our business. Excluding Cargo and exceptional items, free cash flow stood at -€2,106m.

Dividend payments in cash amounted to €121m in H1 2016. In 2015, the dividend had been paid in H2. The creation of Cargo resulted in an inflow in the “Capital increase” line and accounts for most of it.

In total, net financial debt at June 30, 2016 stood at €7.4bn, reflecting once again the seasonality of our activity. Net debt at end-2016 is expected to be globally stable vs. its level at 31 December 2015.

2016 roadmap

Carrefour is continuing its transformation, with strong ambitions for its multiformat and omnichannel model, offering its clients a shopping experience adapted to evolving consumption habits.

Carrefour, the world’s most multiformat retailer, continues to expand. In 2016, the Group will continue opening stores in its different formats. In France, the conversion of the DIA store network is proceeding according to plan.

Carrefour, to grow sustainably, continues to modernize its stores in all countries and to enhance the attractiveness of its sites by capitalizing on Carmila, a company dedicated to the revitalization of Carrefour shopping malls in France, Spain and Italy. Carrefour is making further headway in the revamp of its supply-chain and IT rationalization in several countries.

The transformation of its model in China continues and is well advanced.

Carrefour continues its digital evolution, supported by its physical store network and the development of e-commerce services in all Group countries.

Agenda

  • Q3 2016 sales: October 19, 2016

APPENDIX

First-half 2016 sales inc. VAT

The Group posted sales of €40,552m. In the half, currencies had an unfavorable impact of 6.1%. Petrol prices had an impact of -1.0% overall and -1.5% in France. Calendar impact was estimated at +0.3%.

                                 
 

Total sales
inc. VAT
(€m)

     

Change at
current
exchange
rates inc.
petrol

     

Change at
constant
exchange
rates inc.
petrol

     

LFL ex petrol
ex calendar

     

Organic growth
ex petrol
ex calendar

France 19,196       -2.4%       -0.9%       -1.5%       -0.5%
Hypermarkets 9,857 -3.5% -1.7% -2.1% -1.9%
Supermarkets 6,267 -2.4% +1.4% -1.1% +1.6%
                                   
International 21,356       -5.7%       +6.0%       +6.2%       +5.3%
                                   
Other European countries 10,518       0.0%       +1.3%       +1.5%       +2.2%
Spain 4,129 +0.3% +1.8% +1.6% +2.0%
Italy 2,666 -0.5% +0.2% +2.0% +2.9%
Belgium 2,132 +0.4% +0.3% -0.1% +0.2%
                                   
Latin America 7,234       -11.3%       +17.8%       +17.9%       +14.5%
Brazil 5,619 -6.8% +15.9% +15.9% +11.5%
                                   
Asia 3,605       -9.3%       -5.4%       -5.3%       -5.4%
China 2,708 -12.8% -9.0% -8.9% -8.8%
                                   
Group total 40,552       -4.2%       +3.0%       +2.9%       +2.9%
 

Total sales under banners including petrol stood at €49.6bn in the first half of 2016, up +1.7% at constant exchange rates.

Second-quarter 2016 sales inc. VAT

The Group posted sales of €20,499m. In the second quarter, currencies had an unfavorable impact of 5.4%. Petrol prices had an impact of -1.0% overall and -1.2% in France. Calendar impact was estimated at -0.1%.

                                 
 

Total sales
inc. VAT
(m€)

     

Change at
current
exchange
rates inc.
petrol

     

Change at
constant
exchange
rates inc.
petrol

     

LFL ex petrol
ex calendar

     

Organic growth
ex petrol
ex canlendar

France 9,861       -3.0%       -1.8%       -2.1%       -0.9%
Hypermarkets 4,970 -4.8% -3.2% -3.5% -3.1%
Supermarkets 3,275 -2.0% +1.9% -0.5% +2.5%
                                   
International 10,638       -5.0%       +5.6%       +6.3%       +5.3%
                                   
Other European countries 5,322       -0.8%       +0.4%       +0.7%       +1.2%
Spain 2,105 0.0% +1.1% +0.9% +0.7%
Italy 1,334 -2.3% -1.6% -0.1% +1.4%
Belgium 1,077 -0.5% -0.5% -0.7% -0.5%
                                   
Latin America 3,783       -7.5%       +17.3%       +18.7%       +15.5%
Brazil 2,954 -1.0% +15.7% +17.3% +13.1%
                                   
Asia 1,533       -12.2%       -5.6%       -5.3%       -6.0%
China 1,127 -15.5% -9.2% -8.7% -9.3%
                                   
Group total 20,499       -4.1%       +2.3%       +2.6%       +2.7%
 

Total sales under banners including petrol stood at €25.0bn in the second quarter of 2016, up +0.8% at constant exchange rates.

First-half 2016 net sales and Recurring Operating Income by region

         
Net sales Recurring Operating Income
   

(€m)

 

H1
2015

 

H1
2016

 

Organic
growth1

 

Variation
at
current
exchange
rates

 

H1
2015

 

H1
2016

 

Variation
at
constant
exchange
rates

 

Variation
at
current
exchange
rates

France 17,587 17,179   -1.5%   -2.3% 321 312 -3.0%   -3.0%
Other Europe 9,356 9,428 +1.5% +0.8% 122 155 +26.0% +26.6%
Europe 26,944 26,607 -0.3% -1.2% 444 467 +5.0% +5.2%
Latin America 7,257 6,453 +17.9% -11.1% 296 273 +12.3% -7.8%
Asia 3,538 3,229 -5.3% -8.7% 50 -7 n/a n/a
Emerging markets 10,796 9,682 +10.1% -10.3% 346 266 -6.0% -23.2%
Global functions                   -63   -26        
TOTAL   37,739   36,289   +2.9%   -3.8%   726   706   +5.3%   -2.8%
 

1Ex petrol, ex calendar.

First-half 2016 consolidated P&L

       
(€m)   H1 2015     H1 2016
Net sales   37,739     36,289
Net sales, net of loyalty program costs   37,470     36,017
Other revenue   1,247     1,275
Total revenue   38,718     37,292
Cost of goods sold -30,024 -28,860
Gross margin 8,694 8,432
SG&A   -7,227     -7,006
Recurring operating income before D&A (EBITDA)   1,488     1,448
Depreciation and amortization   -740     -720
Recurring operating income (ROI)   726     706
Recurring operating income including income from associates
and joint ventures
  761     686
Non-recurring income and expenses   -16     -114
Operating income   745     572
Financial expense -264 -248
Income before taxes 481 324
Income tax expense   -165     -101
Net income from continuing operations   316     222
Net income from discontinued operations   -12     -28
Net income   304     194
Of which Net income – Group share 218 129
Of which Net income from continuing operations, Group share 230 158
Of which Net income from discontinued operations, Group share   -12     -28
Of which Net income – Non-Controlling Interests (NCI) 85 65
Of which Net income from continuing operations, NCI 85 65
Of which Net income from discontinued operations, NCI   -     -
Adjusted net income, Group share   233     235
 

First-half 2016 consolidated balance sheet

       
(€m)   June 30, 2015     June 30, 2016
ASSETS
Intangible assets 9,607 9,719
Tangible assets 12,162 12,676
Financial investments 2,793 3,018
Deferred tax assets 816 880
Investment properties 307 357
Consumer credit from financial-services companies – long term   2,579     2,261
Non-current assets   28,263     28,911
Inventories 6,503 6,553
Trade receivables 2,379 2,159
Consumer credit from financial-services companies – short term 3,396 3,789
Tax receivables 1,108 1,287
Other receivables 929 1,052
Current financial assets 410 218
Cash and cash equivalents   1,800     1,688
Current assets   16,524     16,745
Assets held for sale   78     43
TOTAL   44,865     45,700
LIABILITIES
Shareholders equity, Group share 9,249 9,745
Minority interests in consolidated companies   1,095     1,549
Shareholders’ equity   10,344     11,294
Deferred tax liabilities 509 533
Provisions for contingencies 3,435 3,188
Borrowing – long term 7,288 7,161
Bank loans refinancing – long term   1,569     2,091
Non-current liabilities   12,802     12,974
Borrowings – short term 1,575 2,112
Trade payables 12,096 12,198
Bank loans refinancing – short term 3,630 3,179
Tax payables & others 1,138 1,188
Other debts   3,229     2,732
Current liabilities  

21,668

    21,408
Liabilities related to assets held for sale   51     23
TOTAL   44,865     45,700
 

First-half 2016 consolidated cash-flow statement

       
(€m)   H1 2015     H1 2016
NET DEBT OPENING   -4,954     -4,546
Gross cash flow 1,180 1,088
Change in working capital -2,232 -2,052
Impact of discontinued activities   21     -11
Cash Flow from operations (ex. financial services)   -1,031     -975
Capital expenditures (ex Cargo) -804 -968
Capital expenditures (Cargo) - -89
Change in net payables to fixed asset suppliers -261 -295
Asset disposals (business related) 53 69
Impact of discontinued activities   0     0
Free Cash Flow   -2,044     -2,259
Free Cash Flow from continuing operations, excluding Cargo and exceptional items   -1,930     -2,106
Financial investments -57 -136
Proceeds from disposals of subsidiaries 1 7
Others 1 19
Impact of discontinued activities   0     5
Cash Flow after investments   -2,098     -2,363
Capital increase 8 140
Dividends paid by parents company 0 -121
Dividends paid to non-controlling interests -70 -60
Acquisition/ disposal of investments without change of control 208 0
Treasury shares 369 -4
Cost of net financial debt -185 -181
Others 68 -233
Impact of discontinued activities   0     0
NET DEBT AT CLOSE   -6,654     -7,367
 

Changes in shareholders’ equity

                 
(€m)  

Total
shareholders’ equity

   

Shareholders’ equity
Group share

   

Minority
interests

At December 31, 2015   10,672     9,633     1,039
Total comprehensive income for H1 2016   194     129     65
2015 dividend   -181     -121     -60
Impact of scope changes and others   609     104     505
At June 30, 2016   11,294     9,745     1,549
         

First-half 2016 net income, Group share, adjusted for exceptional items

     
(€m)   H1 2015     H1 2016
Net income from continuing operations, Group share   230     158
Restatement for non recurring income and expenses (before tax) 16 114
Restatement for exceptional items in net financial expenses 31 7

Tax impact 1

-28 -48

Restatement on share of income from minorities and companies consolidated
by the equity method

  -16     4
Adjusted net income, Group share   233     235
 

1 Tax impact of restated items (non-recurring income and expenses and financial expenses) and non recurring tax items.

EXPANSION UNDER BANNERS – Second-quarter 2016

In Q2 2016, Carrefour opened or acquired 145,000 gross sq. m.

             
Thousands of sq. m.  

Dec 31,
2015

 

March 31,
2016

 

Openings/
Store
enlargements

 

Acquisitions

 

Closures/
Store
reductions

 

Total Q2
2016 change

 

June 30,
2016

France 5,668 5,676 23 6 -5 24 5,700
Europe (ex France) 6,039 5,959 37 -651 -615 5,344
Latin America 2,258 2,262 19 -4 16 2,278
Asia 2,734 2,708 28 -9 19 2,728
Others2   828   862   32       -7   25   887
Group   17,526   17,466   139   6  

-6751

  -530   16,936
 

NETWORK UNDER BANNERS – Second-quarter 2016

In Q2 2016, Carrefour opened or acquired 227 stores, mainly convenience stores (183).

                                             
No. of stores  

Dec 31,
2015

   

March 31,
2016

     

Openings

     

Acquisitions

     

Closures/
Disposals

      Transfers      

Total Q2
2016 change

     

June30,
2016

Hypermarkets   1,481     1,480       12               -50               -38       1,442
France 242 242 242
Europe (ex France) 489 484 -49 -49 435
Latin America 304 304 3 3 307
Asia 369 369 4 -1 3 372

Others2

  77     81       5                               5       86
Supermarkets   3,462     3,455       29       3       -347       16       -299       3,156
France 1,003 1,016 1 3 16 20 1,036
Europe (ex France) 2,096 2,067 24 -346 -322 1,745
Latin America 168 168 0 168
Asia 29 31 2 -1 1 32
Others2   166     173       2                               2       175
Convenience   7,181     7,042       183               -288       -16       -121       6,921
France 4,263 4,241 58 -36 -16 6 4,247
Europe (ex France) 2,464 2,336 109 -249 -140 2,196
Latin America 404 414 11 -3 8 422
Asia 8 8 5 5 13
Others2   42     43                                       0       43
Cash & carry   172     174                       -6               -6       168
France 142 143 0 143
Europe (ex France) 18 19 -6 -6 13
Others2   12     12                                       0       12
Group   12,296     12,151       224       3       -6911               -464       11,687
France 5,650 5,642 59 3 -36 26 5,668
Europe (ex France) 5,067 4,906 133 -650 -517 4,389
Latin America 876 886 14 -3 11 897
Asia 406 408 11 -2 9 417
Others2   297     309       7                               7       316
 

1 The termination of the franchise contract in Greece has led to the removal of 538 stores and 568,000 sq.m. from the perimeter.
2 Maghreb, Middle East and Dominican Republic

Definitions

Like for like sales growth

Sales generated by stores opened for at least twelve months, excluding temporary store closures, at constant exchange rates.

Organic sales growth

Like for like sales growth plus net openings over the past twelve months, including temporary store closures, at constant exchange rates.

Sales under banners

Total sales under banners including sales by franchisees and international partnerships.

Gross margin

Gross margin is the difference between the sum of net sales, other income, reduced by loyalty program costs and the cost of goods sold. Cost of sales comprises purchase costs, changes in inventory, the cost of products sold by the financial-services companies, discounting revenue and exchange-rate gains and losses on goods purchased.

Recurring Operating Income (ROI)

Recurring Operating Income is defined as the difference between gross margin and sales, general and administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization.

Recurring Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA)

Recurring Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) excludes depreciation from supply chain activities which is booked in cost of goods sold and excludes non-recurring items as defined below.

Operating Income (EBIT)

Operating Income (EBIT) is defined as the difference between gross margin and sales, general and administrative expenses, depreciation, amortization and non-recurring items

Non-recurring income and expenses are certain material items that are unusual in terms of their nature and frequency, such as impairment, restructuring costs and expenses related to the revaluation of preexisting risks on the basis of information that the Group became aware of during the accounting period.

Free cash flow

Free cash flow is defined as the difference between funds generated by operations (before net interest costs), the variation of working capital requirements and capital expenditures.

Disclaimer

This press release contains both historical and forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on Carrefour management's current views and assumptions. Such statements are not guarantees of future performance of the Group. Actual results or performances may differ materially from those in such forward-looking statements as a result of a number of risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to the risks described in the documents filed with the Autorité des Marchés Financiers as part of the regulated information disclosure requirements and available on Carrefour's website (www.carrefour.com), and in particular the Annual Report (Document de Référence). These documents are also available in English on the company's website. Investors may obtain a copy of these documents from Carrefour free of charge. Carrefour does not assume any obligation to update or revise any of these forward-looking statements in the future.

Contacts

Investor Relations
Alessandra Girolami and Mathilde Rodié
Tel: +33 (0)1 41 04 28 83
or
Shareholder Relations
Tel: 0 805 902 902 (toll-free in France)
or
Group Communication
Tel: +33 (0)1 41 04 26 17

Contacts

Investor Relations
Alessandra Girolami and Mathilde Rodié
Tel: +33 (0)1 41 04 28 83
or
Shareholder Relations
Tel: 0 805 902 902 (toll-free in France)
or
Group Communication
Tel: +33 (0)1 41 04 26 17