Reportlinker Adds Hybrid And Pure Electric Cars 2009-2019

NEW YORK--() announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue.

Reportlinker Adds Hybrid And Pure Electric Cars 2009-2019

Electric vehicles just became exciting. For 111 years, electric cars that rely only on a battery - "pure EVs" - have had a range of only 30-50 miles and the humble golf car has been the only type selling in hundreds of thousands every year. However, huge changes have been announced in 2009. Electric vehicles will penetrate the market rapidly to constitute 35% of the cars made in 2025 - 25% hybrids, 10% pure EV. Any motor manufacturer without a compelling line up of electric vehicles is signing its death warrant. These changes include:

Launch of cars that have a range of 250 miles or more in pure electric mode, including a pure EV family car made in China and plug in hybrid gasoline-electric cars.

Launch of the Toyota Prius plug in hybrid that will be very attractive to over one million purchasers of the existing Prius mild hybrid and millions of others. 95% of Prius owners would buy another.

First full production of the beautiful Tesla pure EV luxury sports car which silently outperforms conventional equivalents. Large initial orders show that this can be a multibillion dollar sector of the EV car business, particularly if we include new luxury hybrids such as the gorgeous Fiskar Karma.

Lithium electric car batteries from companies such as LGChem are claimed to last ten years, not the more usual three years. This hugely improves the economics of all EVs with range acceptable to mainstream purchasers.

President Obama's Stimulus Bill granted $14.4 billion for hybrids and huge sums have been allotted by other governments across the world to develop and subsidise use of EV cars to save the planet and the car industry and provide independence from dwindling oil reserves.

Within the decade, it will be possible for some suppliers to offer hybrid cars and no price premium to conventional cars in the way that the Japanese took the Western car market by storm 20 years ago by offering excellent vehicles with most accessories thrown in free. There would then be no strong reason why anyone would want the conventional alternative.

This unique report takes a detailed look at the market size from 2009-2019 and the government support, technology and new model launches that will get it there. It assesses work on energy harvesting in vehicles from light, heat and shock absorbers, new battery technologies, fuel cells, flywheels and other advances and clarifies which really matter. Here you can also learn which countries and companies are most impressive and why.

The only detailed and up to date critical analysis of both pure and hybrid EV cars worldwide

Entirely researched in 2009, this report gives the only detailed and up to date critical analysis of both pure and hybrid EV cars worldwide. With 200 pages and over 125 figures and tables including many new and detailed summaries and forecasts, it gives the future in the context of the past including the mistakes and inspired moves for over 100 years. It looks closely at the forceful new market drivers such as peak oil and government subsidies but it does not dwell on the well understood global warming debate that is also now driving things forward. Instead, it provides essential data useful to all investors, manufacturers, developers, component suppliers, marketing outlets, legislators and those planning financial support. Which will be the prosperous niches? What is the neglected part of leader Toyota's multibillion dollar business in EVs? Where is the action globally? Why is the geometry of the EV about to change? What about supercapacitors, supercabatteries, zinc air batteries and solar cells even over the windows? It is all here, provided by a global team of technical experts who have been tracking this industry for ten years and writing highly acclaimed forecasts about it.



1.1. Challenges of the food and livestock industry

1.2. Challenges of the food industry

1.2.1. Huge avoidable waste in the supply chain

1.2.2. Bioterrorism

1.2.3. Infected food

1.2.4. Ever more demanding consumers

1.2.5. Methods of traceability

1.2.6. Live animal

1.2.7. Food products

1.2.8. Up and coming technologies to monitor and identify food

1.3. Legislation driving RFID - animals, food and farming

1.3.1. Indirect legal push

1.3.2. Legislation specifically calling for RFID


2.1. Definitions and choices

2.1.1. RFID frequencies

2.1.2. Active vs passive RFID

2.1.3. Condition detecting RFID - Research in Germany

2.1.4. Active RFID for arable farming

2.1.5. Active RFID for logistics

2.2. RFID technology for animals

2.3. RFID technology for food retailing

2.4. RFID technology for arable farming

2.5. RFID technology for food logistics and retailing

2.6. Relevant RFID standards

2.6.1. Benefits of standardization

2.6.2. RFID standards for animal tagging

2.6.3. RFID standards for food and logistics


3.1. Examples of livestock tagging countries

3.1.1. Australia

3.1.2. Canada

3.1.3. Spain

3.1.4. USA - too little too late?

3.2. Suppliers of standard passive RFID

3.2.1. Allflex

3.2.2. Aleis

3.2.3. Digital Angel

3.2.4. Assa Abloy Identification Technologies (IDT)

3.2.5. Trovan

3.2.6. Y-Tex Corporation

3.2.7. Rumitag

3.2.8. AgInfoLink

3.3. Suppliers that may extend standards/ establish new standards

3.3.1. Advanced ID

3.3.2. Motorola

3.3.3. Hitachi Mew Solutions

3.3.4. PrimaryLink Technologies and Sparkice

3.3.5. Animal Profiling International

3.3.6. Somark Innovations

3.4. Technical trends

3.5. Twelve case studies of RFID for livestock

3.5.1. Agri-Traçabilité Québec (ATQ), sheep and cattle, Canada

3.5.2. Alberta Agriculture & Tyson Foods, tracking cattle, Canada

3.5.3. Asocebú, cattle, Colombia

3.5.4. Australian Sheep Industry and New South Wales DPI, sheep, Australia

3.5.5. B3R Country Meats, cattle, USA

3.5.6. DEFRA, sheep, animals, UK

3.5.7. Fevex, cattle, Spain

3.5.8. Klein Karoo Co-operative, ostriches, South Africa

3.5.9. Sheep processing plant, sheep, Australia

3.5.10. Smørfjord, reindeer, Norway

3.5.11. Taiwan Government, hogs, Taiwan

3.5.12. Thai Government, poultry, Thailand


4.1. Examples of food tagging

4.2. Suppliers of high volume passive tags and systems

4.3. Suppliers of active tags with sensors and systems

4.3.1. Disposable labels KSW Microtec, Infratab, Power ID

4.3.2. Reusable tags Wavetrend, MicroSensys, Savi Technology

4.4. Electronic alternative label from Bioett

4.5. Non electronic alternatives to TTRs on food

4.6. Suppliers of long range active RFID



1.1. The world wakes up to global warming and oil running out.

1.2. Danger signs

1.3. Government support

1.4. Reluctant Australia

1.5. Germany the laggard

1.6. Rapid increase in number of manufacturers


2.1. The arguments against

2.2. Deja Vu

2.3. Examples of pure EV cars

2.3.1. REVA

2.3.2. ElBil Norge Buddy

2.3.3. New initiatives by Chrysler and Nissan

2.3.4. Think

2.3.5. Toyota

2.3.6. Tara Tiny

2.3.7. Aixam

2.3.8. Mitsubishi

2.3.9. Here come the Chinese - BYD and Brilliance

2.3.10. High performance pure EVs - Tesla

2.3.11. Golf EVs


3.1. Construction and advantages of hybrids

3.2. Evolution

3.3. Chevrolet Volt

3.4. Market drivers

3.5. History of hybrids


4.1. What is a battery?

4.1.1. Battery history

4.1.2. Analogy to a container of liquid

4.2. Construction of a battery

4.3. Many shapes of battery

4.4. Requirements

4.5. What is on offer?

4.6. Energy density comparisons

4.7. Safety

4.8. Capacitors

4.8.1. What is a capacitor?

4.8.2. Capacitor history

4.8.3. Capacitor construction

4.9. How an ELDC supercapacitor works

4.9.1. Basic geometry

4.10. Properties of EDL

4.11. Can supercapacitors replace batteries?

4.12. Where do supercabatteries fit in?

4.13. Limitations of energy storage devices

4.14. Where supercapacitors fit in

4.15. Prospect of radically different batteries and capacitors

4.16. Threat to lithium prices?


5.1. Definition

5.2. Choices of harvesting

5.3. Opportunities for energy harvesting in cars

5.4. Fiat Phylla

5.5. Combined flexible layers

5.6. Pure EV motive power

5.7. Power from bumps in the road

5.8. Regenerative braking

5.9. Electricity from engine and exhaust heat

5.10. Vibration harvesting


6.2. Mitsubishi i-MiEV

6.3. Motor position


7.1. Fuel cells

7.1.1. Definition and description

7.1.2. Current situation

7.1.3. Potential benefits

7.1.4. Types of fuel cell

7.2. New forms of fuel cell

7.2.1. Microbial fuel cells

7.2.2. Lightweight hydrogen generating fuel cell

7.2.3. Biomimetic approach with MIT fuel cell

7.3. Flywheels


8.1. Car production

8.2. Cars and crude oil

8.2.2. Technical progress

8.3. Hybrid cars

8.3.1. History of hybrid car sales

8.4. Forecasts 2009-2019

8.5. Pure EVs

8.5.1. Total market

8.5.2. Market excluding golf cars

8.5.3. Golf cars

8.5.4. Fuel cell EVs

8.6. Battery trends




1.1. European Green Car Initiative approximate R&D budget 2010 to 2013 in millions of Euros

1.2. 80 examples of manufacturers and intending manufacturers of EV cars

2.1. 15 examples of golf EV manufacturers

3.1. Major market drivers for growth in hybrid sales

3.2. Objectives of the Ricardo Qinetiq diesel hybrid vs the Prius gasoline hybrid

3.3. Toyota Prius Sales by region 1997-2008 in thousands of units

3.4. Hybrid electric vehicles and associated events 1876-2011

4.1. The rising percentage of cost that is attributable to electronics in different types of vehicle

4.2. Important milestones in battery and capacitor history

4.3. Comparison of lead acid and lithium batteries for motive power in cars

4.4. Comparison of some options for large rechargeable lithium batteries

4.5. Examples of energy density figures for batteries, supercapacitors and other energy sources

4.6. Battery characteristics compared

4.7. Five ways in which a capacitor acts as the electrical equivalent of the spring

4.8. Early producers of electrochemical double-layer ultracapacitors

4.9. Advantages and limitations of supercapacitors

4.10. Comparison of the three types of capacitor when storing one kilojoule of energy.

4.11. Examples of energy density figures for batteries, supercapacitors and other energy sources

4.12. Advantages and disadvantages of some options for supplying electricity to small devices

5.1. Potential for improving energy harvesting efficiency

5.2. Main photovoltaic options compared

5.3. IDTechEx view of photovoltaic evolution on pure electric vehicles

6.2. Comparison of ac and dc electric motors for traction

7.1. Challenges faced in developing satisfactory fuel cells for vehicles

7.2. Types of fuel cell and characteristics

8.1. Crude oil prices 2003-2008 $/barrel

8.2. Global oil reserves, production and life

8.3. Global sales of EV cars, hybrids, pure EVs and total in thousands of units 2009-2019

8.4. Global sales of EV cars, hybrids, pure EVs and total in value $ billion 2009-2019

8.5. Toyota Prius Sales by region 1997-2008 in thousands of units

8.6. Prius US sales in units 2000-2008

8.7. Estimates for historical global hybrid car sales in units by territory with % of whole.

8.8. Prius US sales in number and percent of US hybrid market

8.9. IDTechEx projection for global hybrid car sales by territory 2009-2019 in units and %.

8.10. Number sold by market leader Toyota of all hybrids globally, market share and market drivers

8.11. IDTechEx projection for global hybrid car sales 2009-2019 in units , ex works price and total value.

8.12. IDTechEx projections for global hybrid car sales units as % of total car sales 2009-2025

8.13. Approximate number of hybrid models actual and planned by year 2000 to 2010

8.14. Global pure EV car sales 2009-2019

8.15. Global pure EV car sales 2009-2019 excluding golf cars

8.16. Global pure EV golf car sales 2009-2019

8.17. Fuel cell EVs compared with battery pure EVs and ICE hybrids


1.1. Geographical distribution of 80 companies making or intending to make electric cars.

2.1. Trouvé pure EV car in 1881

2.2. Red Bug pure EV in 1930

2.3. Sinclair C5

2.4. Aptera

2.5. Gemcars

2.6. REVA pure EV car

2.7. Buddy pure EV

2.8. Think City

2.9. Planned Toyota pure EV city car.

2.10. Tara Tiny

2.11. Aixam Mega City

2.12. Mitsubishi pure EV car

2.13. The BYD E6 pure EV car

2.14. Tesla Motors Roadster pure EV performance car.

2.15. Tonaro from China

2.16. Suzhou Eagle two and four seat golf cars from China

2.17. Yongkang Fourstar from China

2.18. Shadong Wuzheng golf cars

3.1. Evolution of EV design for on-road and many non-road vehicles

3.2. Chevrolet Volt internal structure

3.3. Chevrolet Volt drive train

3.4. Chevrolet Volt battery, generator and drive unit positioning

3.5. Average annual fuel consumption in US gallons by vehicle type

3.6. Toyota Prius Sales by region 1997-2008 in thousands of units

4.1. Construction of a battery cell

4.2. MEMS compared with a dust mite less than one millimetre long

4.3. Rapid progress in the capabilities of small electronic devices and their photovoltaic energy harvesting contrasted with more modest progress in improving the batteries they employ

4.4. Power in use vs duty cycle for portable and mobile devices showing zones of use of single use vs rechargeable batteries

4.5. Power requirements of small electronic products including Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and GSM mobile phones and the types of battery employed

4.6. Volumetric vs gravimetric energy density of batteries used in vehicles.

4.7. Subaru lithium ion manganese battery

4.8. Mitsubishi lithium ion batteries for cars

4.9. Lightning electric car

4.10. ReVolt comparison of battery parameters with zinc air

4.11. Principle of the creation and maintenance of an aluminium electrolytic capacitor

4.12. Construction of wound electrolytic capacitor

4.13. Comparison of construction diagrams of three basic types of capacitor.

4.14. Symmetric supercapacitor construction

4.15. Symmetric compared to asymmetric supercapacitor construction

4.16. Single sheets of graphene

4.17. Graphene supercapacitor cross section

4.18. Six Kilowatts supercapacitor for vehicles

4.19. Maxwell Technologies supercapacitor modules on the roof of a Scania bus

4.20. Supercapacitor and supercabattery compared.

4.21. Types of ancillary electrical equipment being improved to serve small devices

4.22. Rechargeable energy storage - where supercapacitors fit in

4.23. Energy density vs power density for storage devices, including new and experimental supoercapacitors which includes supercabatteries.

4.24. Transparent flexible battery

4.25. Bolivian salt flats

4.26. Chevrolet Volt layout

4.27. Chevrolet Volt lithium ion battery

4.28. Smart EV car layout

5.1. Where energy harvesting fits into green energy

5.2. Focus of energy harvesting development in the value chain

5.3. Examples of energy harvesting technologies, developers and manufacturers

5.4. Primary energy harvesting choices by size and efficiency

5.5. Main energy harvesting technologies are compared by life and cost per watt

5.6. Possible sites for sensors with energy harvesting in cars

5.7. Lancia car using solar energy in 1997

5.8. Fiat Phylla running laboratory and enabling technologies.

5.9. Structure of Fiat mobile laboratory.

5.10. Phylla drive train

5.11. Self sufficient accessory cluster

5.12. Thin film photovoltaic market share 2009-2012

5.13. Latest MIT solar car

5.14. GenShock prototype

5.15. Ronggui Yang.

5.16. Perpetuum electrodynamic vibration harvester with its supercapacitors.

6.1. Ford Transit pure EV

6.2. Mitsubishi i-MiEV

6.3. In wheel system of Mitsubishi

6.4. A construction of in-wheel motor

6.5. Ford Siemens EV motor for central operation

6.6. Hybrid vehicle electric motor

7.1. MIT Biomimetic fuel cell

7.2. G-30 Van Flywheel Drive System in GMR Test Cell

7.3. Computed "Lower Bound" Fuel Consumption of Heat Engine Hybrid Vehicles vs. 1980 Production Cars

7.4. FX85 Leadership Team with a Mock-Up of the FX85 Transmission

7.5. Isometric Schematic of the FX85 Drivetrain

7.6. ALPS flywheel

8.1. Global bicycle and car production millions

8.2. US oil production and imports

8.3. Global sales of EV cars, hybrids, pure EVs and total in numbers 2009-2019

8.4. Global sales of EV cars, hybrids, pure EVs and total in value $ billion 2009-2019

8.5. HEV battery sales by type 2000-2006

8.6. Toyota Prius Sales by region 1997-2008 in thousands of units

8.7. US hybrid sales by month showing sharp drop in 2008 and early 2009

8.8. Estimates for historical global hybrid car sales in units by territory with % of whole

8.9. Prius US sales in number and percent of US hybrid market

8.10. Hybrid vehicle sales by manufacturer 2000-2006

8.11. Reported hybrid vehicle sales in the USA as a percentage of total new light vehicle sales in March 2009

8.12. Global hybrid vehicle market by country % 2007

8.13. Hybrid vehicle purchases by state in the USA in units 2007

8.14. US hybrid vehicle sales by manufacturer % 2007.

8.15. Hybrid vehicle sales by model

8.16. 2006 forecast of total car sales by region 2006/2011 and 2016 in millions of units

8.17. IDTechEx projection for global hybrid car sales by territory 2009-2019 in units and %.

8.18. Number sold by market leader Toyota of all hybrids globally and market drivers

8.19. IDTechEx projections for global hybrid car sales units as % of total car sales

8.20. Total sales and hybrids

8.21. Rechargeable battery sales by type 1972-2010

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Intl: +1 805-652-2626