Aspen Reports Results for Quarter Ended March 31, 2017

Annualized Net Income Return on Equity of 11.6% for the First Quarter 2017

Annualized Operating Return on Equity of 6.8% for the First Quarter 2017

Diluted Book Value Per Share of $47.89, up 2.5% from December 31, 2016

Quarterly Dividend on Ordinary Share increased by 9.1%

HAMILTON, Bermuda--()--Aspen Insurance Holdings Limited (“Aspen”) (NYSE:AHL) reported today net income after tax of $96.5 million, or $1.36 per diluted ordinary share, and operating income after tax of $59.8 million, or $0.79 per diluted ordinary share, for the first quarter of 2017.

Chris O’Kane, Chief Executive Officer, commented: “Aspen recorded positive underwriting contributions from both our Insurance and Reinsurance businesses in the first quarter. At Aspen Insurance, we are focused on areas of expertise where we can provide our clients with the best service and capitalize on opportunities for profitable growth. Aspen Re’s diversified business model, strong client relationships and highly innovative solutions continue to provide a winning combination, resulting once again in strong results for the quarter. For the sixth consecutive year, and reflecting our continued confidence in Aspen’s future prospects, the Aspen Board approved today an increase in the dividend on our ordinary shares.”(1)

_____________________

Non-GAAP financial measures are used throughout this release as defined at the end of this press release.

(1) Refer to "Forward-looking Statements Safe Harbor" at the end of this press release.

 

Operating highlights for the quarter ended March 31, 2017

  • Gross written premiums of $998.0 million in the first quarter of 2017, an increase of 2.3% compared with $975.7 million in the first quarter of 2016
    • Insurance: Gross written premiums of $432.7 million, a decrease of 5.5% compared with $458.1 million in the first quarter of 2016, primarily due to decreases in the Property and Casualty, and Marine, Aviation and Energy sub-segments, partially offset by growth in the Financial and Professional lines sub-segment
    • Reinsurance: Gross written premiums of $565.3 million, an increase of 9.2% from $517.6 million in the first quarter of 2016, primarily due to growth in the Other Property, Casualty and Specialty sub-segments
  • Loss ratio of 56.5% in the first quarter of 2017 compared with 53.9% in the first quarter of 2016. The loss ratio included pre-tax catastrophe losses, net of reinsurance recoveries, of $29.1 million, or 5.0 percentage points, in the first quarter of 2017. Pre-tax catastrophe losses, net of reinsurance recoveries, totaled $18.7 million, or 2.8 percentage points, in the first quarter of 2016
    • Insurance: Loss ratio of 61.0% compared with 58.2% in the first quarter of 2016. Pre-tax catastrophe losses, net of reinsurance recoveries, of $4.5 million, totaled 1.5 percentage points in the first quarter of 2017 primarily related to weather-related events in the U.S. Pre-tax catastrophe losses net of reinsurance recoveries totaled $8.0 million, or 2.1 percentage points, in the first quarter of 2016
    • Reinsurance: Loss ratio of 51.6% compared with 48.0% in the first quarter of 2016. The loss ratio included pre-tax catastrophe losses, net of reinsurance recoveries, of $24.6 million, or 8.9 percentage points, in the first quarter of 2017 primarily as a result of a tornado in Mississippi, Cyclone Debbie in Australia, and other weather-related events. Pre-tax catastrophe losses, net of reinsurance recoveries, totaled $10.7 million, or 3.8 percentage points, in the first quarter of 2016
  • Net favorable development on prior year loss reserves benefited the loss ratio by $26.2 million, or 4.5 percentage points, in the first quarter of 2017 compared with $21.6 million, or 3.3 percentage points, in the comparable period
    • Insurance: Prior year net favorable reserve development of $5.0 million, or 1.6 percentage points, compared with $3.4 million, or 0.9 percentage points, in the first quarter of 2016. Prior year net favorable development in the first quarter of 2017 included $17.7 million of adverse development as a result of the Ogden rate change
    • Reinsurance: Prior year net favorable reserve development of $21.2 million, or 7.6 percentage points, compared with $18.2 million, or 6.5% percentage points, in the first quarter of 2016. Prior year net favorable development in the first quarter of 2017 included $12.8 million of adverse development as a result of the Ogden rate change
  • Accident year loss ratio excluding catastrophes was 56.0% in the first quarter of 2017 compared with 54.4% in the first quarter of 2016
    • Insurance: Accident year loss ratio excluding catastrophes for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 was 61.1% compared with 57.0% a year ago. In the first quarter of 2017, there were approximately $14.8 million of mid-sized losses, including a $4.8 million energy-related loss and $10.0 million of fire-related losses, which together equated to 4.9 percentage points on the accident year ex-cat loss ratio
    • Reinsurance: Accident year loss ratio excluding catastrophes for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 was 50.3% compared with 50.7% a year ago
  • Total expense ratio of 40.5% and total expense ratio (excluding amortization and non-recurring expenses) of 40.1% in the first quarter of 2017 compared with 37.7% and 37.7%, respectively, in the first quarter of 2016. The policy acquisition expense ratio was 19.6% in the first quarter of 2017, the same as the first quarter of 2016. General and administrative expenses (excluding amortization and non-recurring expenses) were $119.1 million in the first quarter of 2017, largely unchanged from the first quarter of 2016. Due to lower net earned premium, the general and administrative expense ratio (excluding amortization and non-recurring expenses) increased to 20.5% from 18.1% in the first quarter of 2016
  • Net income after tax of $96.5 million, or $1.36 per diluted share, and operating income after tax of $59.8 million, or $0.79 per diluted share, in the first quarter of 2017. This compares with net income of $114.4 million, or $1.68 per diluted share, and operating income of $89.9 million, or $1.29 per diluted share, in the first quarter of 2016
  • Annualized net income return on average equity of 11.6% and annualized operating return on average equity of 6.8% for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 compared with 14.4% and 11.2%, respectively, for the first quarter of 2016

Investment performance

  • Investment income of $47.7 million in the first quarter of 2017 decreased by 3.6% compared with $49.5 million in the first quarter of 2016
  • The total return on Aspen’s aggregate investment portfolio was 1.09% for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and reflects net realized and unrealized gains and losses in both the fixed income and equity portfolios.
  • Aspen’s investment portfolio continues to be comprised primarily of high quality fixed income securities with an average credit quality of “AA-”. The average duration of the fixed income portfolio was 3.89 years as at March 31, 2017
  • Book yield on the fixed income portfolio as at March 31, 2017 was 2.53% compared with 2.49% as at December 31, 2016

Capital

  • Total shareholders’ equity was $3.6 billion as at March 31, 2017
  • Diluted book value per share was $47.89 as at March 31, 2017, up 2.5% from December 31, 2016
  • On January 3, 2017, Aspen used $133.2 million of the proceeds from its 5.625% Perpetual Non-Cumulative Preference Shares to redeem its outstanding 7.401% Perpetual Non-Cumulative Preference Shares. As a result, Aspen did not repurchase any ordinary shares during the first quarter of 2017
  • On April 26, 2017, the Board of Directors approved a 9.1% increase in quarterly ordinary dividend, from $0.22 per share to $0.24 per share

Earnings conference call and webcast

Aspen will host a conference call to discuss the results at 8:00 am (ET) on Thursday, April 27, 2017.

To participate in the April 27 conference call by phone

Please call to register at least 10 minutes before the conference call begins by dialing:

+1 (844) 378 6481 (US toll free) or
+1 (412) 542 4176 (international)
Conference ID 10103759

To listen live online

Aspen will provide a live webcast on Aspen’s website at www.aspen.co.

To download the materials

The earnings press release and a detailed financial supplement will also be published on Aspen’s website at www.aspen.co.

To listen later

A replay of the call will be available approximately two hours after the end of the live call for 14 days via phone. To listen to the replay by phone please dial:

+1 (877) 344 7529 (US toll free) or
+1 (412) 317 0088 (international)
Replay ID 10103759

The recording will be also available at www.aspen.co on the Event Calendar page within the Investor Relations section.

Aspen Insurance Holdings Limited

Summary consolidated balance sheet (unaudited)

$ in millions, except per share data

 
 

As at

 

As at

March 31,

December 31,

2017

2016

 
ASSETS
Total investments $ 7,996.1 $

7,900.3

 

Cash and cash equivalents 873.1 1,273.8
Reinsurance recoverables 1,040.6 815.9
Premiums receivable 1,557.8 1,399.4
Other assets 777.1   700.7  
Total assets $ 12,244.7   $ 12,090.1  
 
LIABILITIES
Losses and loss adjustment expenses $ 5,365.9 $ 5,319.9
Unearned premiums 1,891.8 1,618.6
Other payables 733.0 839.0
Silverton loan notes 110.2 115.0
Long-term debt 549.4   549.3  
Total liabilities $ 8,650.3 $ 8,441.8
 
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Total shareholders’ equity 3,594.4   3,648.3  
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $ 12,244.7   $ 12,090.1  
 
Book value per share $ 48.79 $ 47.68
Diluted book value per share (treasury stock method) $ 47.89   $ 46.72  
 

Aspen Insurance Holdings Limited

Summary consolidated statement of income (unaudited)

$ in millions, except ratios

 
  Three Months Ended
March 31, 2017   March 31, 2016
UNDERWRITING REVENUES
Gross written premiums $ 998.0 $ 975.7
Premiums ceded (311.8 ) (176.0 )
Net written premiums 686.2 799.7
Change in unearned premiums (105.1 ) (136.6 )
Net earned premiums 581.1   663.1  
UNDERWRITING EXPENSES
Losses and loss adjustment expenses 328.2 357.4
Amortization of deferred policy acquisition costs 113.7 130.2
General, administrative and corporate expenses 119.1   119.8  
Total underwriting expenses 561.0   607.4  
   
Underwriting income including corporate expenses 20.1   55.7  
 
Net investment income 47.7 49.5
Interest expense (7.4 ) (7.4 )
Other expenses 0.7   (3.0 )
Total other revenue 41.0   39.1  
 
Amortization and non-recurring expenses (2.2 )
Net realized and unrealized exchange (losses) (5.8 ) (20.1 )
Net realized and unrealized investment gains 46.2   42.2  
INCOME BEFORE TAX 99.3 116.9
Income tax expense (2.8 ) (2.5 )
NET INCOME AFTER TAX 96.5 114.4
Dividends paid on ordinary shares (13.2 ) (12.8 )
Dividends paid on preference shares (10.5 ) (9.5 )
Dividends paid to non-controlling interest
Preference share redemption costs (2.4 )
Proportion due to non-controlling interest (0.1 ) 0.2  
Retained income $ 70.3   $ 92.3  
 
Loss ratio 56.5 % 53.9 %
Policy acquisition expense ratio 19.6 % 19.6 %
General, administrative and corporate expense ratio 20.9 % 18.1 %
General, administrative and corporate expense ratio (excluding amortization and non-recurring expenses) 20.5 % 18.1 %
Expense ratio 40.5 % 37.7 %
Expense ratio (excluding amortization and non-recurring expenses) 40.1 % 37.7 %
Combined ratio 97.0 % 91.6 %
Combined ratio (excluding amortization and non-recurring expenses) 96.6 % 91.6 %
 

Aspen Insurance Holdings Limited

Operating income reconciliation (unaudited)

$ in millions, except per share amounts

 
  Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

March 31,

(in US$ millions except where stated)

2017

2016

 
Net income as reported $ 96.5 $ 114.4
Change in redemption value of preference shares (2.4 )
Net change attributable to non-controlling interest (0.1 ) 0.2
Preference share dividends (10.5 ) (9.5 )
Net income available to ordinary shareholders 83.5 105.1
Add (deduct) after tax income:
Net foreign exchange losses 5.1 16.9
Net realized (gains) on investments (43.8 ) (41.4 )
Change in redemption value of preference shares 2.4
Amortization and non-recurring expenses 2.0    
Operating income after tax available to ordinary shareholders 49.2 80.6
Tax expense on operating income 1.3   4.9  
Operating income before tax available to ordinary shareholders $ 50.5   $ 85.5  
 
Basic earnings per ordinary share
Net income adjusted for preference share dividends and non-controlling interest $ 1.39 $ 1.73
Add (deduct) after tax income:
Net foreign exchange losses 0.09 0.28
Net realized (gains) on investments (0.73 ) (0.68 )
Change in redemption value of preference shares 0.04
Amortization and non-recurring expenses 0.03    
Operating income adjusted for preference shares dividends and non-controlling interest $ 0.82   $ 1.33  
 
Diluted earnings per ordinary share
Net income adjusted for preference share dividends and non-controlling interest $ 1.36 $ 1.68
Add (deduct) after tax income:
Net foreign exchange losses 0.08 0.27
Net realized (gains) on investments (0.72 ) (0.66 )
Change in redemption value of preference shares 0.04
Amortization and non-recurring expenses 0.03    
Operating income adjusted for preference shares dividends and non-controlling interest $ 0.79   $ 1.29  
 

Aspen Insurance Holdings Limited

Summary consolidated financial data (unaudited)

$ in millions, except number of shares

 
  Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

March 31,

2017

 

2016

 
Basic earnings per ordinary share
Net income adjusted for preference share dividend and non-controlling interest $ 1.39

$

1.73

 

Operating income adjusted for preference share dividend and non-controlling interest $ 0.82 $ 1.33
Diluted earnings per ordinary share
Net income adjusted for preference share dividend and non-controlling interest $ 1.36 $ 1.68
Operating income adjusted for preference share dividend and non-controlling interest $ 0.79 $ 1.29
 
Weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding (in millions) 59.863 60.868
 
Weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding and dilutive potential ordinary shares (in millions) 61.197 62.484
 
Book value per ordinary share $ 48.79 $ 49.45
Diluted book value per ordinary share (treasury stock method) $ 47.89 $ 48.22
 
Ordinary shares outstanding at end of the period (in millions) 59.988 60.675
 
Ordinary shares outstanding and dilutive potential ordinary shares at end of the period (treasury stock method) (in millions) 61.107 62.213
 

Aspen Insurance Holdings Limited

Summary consolidated segment information (unaudited)

$ in millions, except ratios

 
  Three Months Ended March 31, 2017   Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
Reinsurance   Insurance   Total Reinsurance   Insurance   Total
       
Gross written premiums $ 565.3 $ 432.7 $ 998.0 $ 517.6 $ 458.1 $ 975.7
Net written premiums 448.2 238.0 686.2 449.5 350.2 799.7
Gross earned premiums 327.6 423.7 751.3 306.8 445.6 752.4
Net earned premiums 277.5 303.6 581.1 280.3 382.8 663.1
Losses and loss adjustment expenses 143.1 185.1 328.2 134.5 222.9 357.4
Amortization of deferred policy acquisition expenses 59.5 54.2 113.7 59.4 70.8 130.2
General and administrative expenses 43.9     61.8     105.7   44.1     58.6     102.7  
Underwriting income $ 31.0     $ 2.5   $ 33.5 $ 42.3     $ 30.5   $ 72.8
 
Net investment income 47.7 49.5
Net realized and unrealized investment gains (1) 46.2 42.2
Corporate expenses (13.4 ) (17.1 )
Amortization and non-recurring expenses (2.2 )
Other expenses (2) 0.7 (3.0 )
Interest expense (7.4 ) (7.4 )
Net realized and unrealized foreign exchange (losses) (3) (5.8 ) (20.1 )
Income before tax $ 99.3 $ 116.9
Income tax expense (2.8 ) (2.5 )
Net income $ 96.5   $ 114.4  
 
Ratios
Loss ratio 51.6 % 61.0 % 56.5 % 48.0 % 58.2 % 53.9 %
Policy acquisition expense ratio 21.4 % 17.9 % 19.6 % 21.2 % 18.5 % 19.6 %
General and administrative expense ratio (4) 15.8 % 20.4 % 20.9 % 15.7 % 15.3 % 18.1 %
General and administrative expense ratio (excluding amortization and non-recurring expenses) (4) 15.8 % 20.4 % 20.5 % 15.7 % 15.3 % 18.1 %
Expense ratio 37.2 % 38.3 % 40.5 % 36.9 % 33.8 % 37.7 %
Expense ratio (excluding amortization and non-recurring expenses) 37.2 % 38.3 % 40.1 % 36.9 % 33.8 % 37.7 %
Combined ratio 88.8 % 99.3 % 97.0 % 84.9 % 92.0 % 91.6 %
Combined ratio (excluding amortization and non-recurring expenses) 88.8 % 99.3 % 96.6 % 84.9 % 92.0 % 91.6 %
Accident Year Ex-cat Loss Ratio
Loss ratio 51.6 % 61.0 % 56.5 % 48.0 % 58.2 % 53.9 %
Prior year loss development 7.6 % 1.6 % 4.5 % 6.5 % 0.9 % 3.3 %
Catastrophe losses (8.9 )% (1.5 )% (5.0 )% (3.8 )% (2.1 )% (2.8 )%
Accident year ex-cat loss ratio 50.3 % 61.1 % 56.0 % 50.7 % 57.0 % 54.4 %
(1)  

Includes realized and unrealized capital gains and losses and realized and unrealized gains and losses on interest rate swaps

(2)

Other expenses in the first quarter of 2017 and first quarter of 2016 included $2.9 million and $5.3 million, respectively, related to a change in the fair value of loan notes issued by Silverton Re

(3)

Includes realized and unrealized foreign exchange gains and losses and realized and unrealized gains and losses on foreign exchange contracts

(4)

The total group general and administrative expense ratio includes the impact from corporate expenses

 

About Aspen Insurance Holdings Limited

Aspen provides reinsurance and insurance coverage to clients in various domestic and global markets through wholly-owned subsidiaries and offices in Australia, Bermuda, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Singapore, Switzerland, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States. For the year ended December 31, 2016, Aspen reported $12.1 billion in total assets, $5.3 billion in gross reserves, $3.6 billion in total shareholders’ equity and $3.1 billion in gross written premiums. Its operating subsidiaries have been assigned a rating of “A” by Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC (“S&P”), an “A” (“Excellent”) by A.M. Best Company Inc. (“A.M. Best”) and an “A2” by Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (“Moody’s”).

For more information about Aspen, please visit www.aspen.co.

(1) Forward-looking Statements Safe Harbor

This press release contains, and Aspen’s earnings conference call will contain, written or oral “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the U.S. federal securities laws. These statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include all statements that do not relate solely to historical or current facts, and can be identified by the use of words such as “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “do not believe,” “aim,” “project,” “anticipate,” “seek,” “will,” “likely,” “assume,” “estimate,” “may,” “continue,” “guidance,” “objective,” “outlook,” “trends,” “future,” “could,” “would,” “should,” “target,” “on track” and similar expressions of a future or forward-looking nature.

All forward-looking statements rely on a number of assumptions, estimates and data concerning future results and events and are subject to a number of uncertainties and other factors, many of which are outside Aspen’s control that could cause actual results to differ materially from such statements.

All forward-looking statements address matters that involve risks and uncertainties. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements. Aspen believes these factors include, but are not limited to: our ability to successfully implement steps to further optimize the business portfolio, ensure capital efficiency and enhance investment returns; the possibility of greater frequency or severity of claims and loss activity, including as a result of natural or man-made (including economic and political risks) catastrophic or material loss events, than our underwriting, reserving, reinsurance purchasing or investment practices have anticipated; the assumptions and uncertainties underlying reserve levels that may be impacted by future payments for settlements of claims and expenses or by other factors causing adverse or favorable development, including our assumptions on inflation costs associated with long-tail casualty business which could differ materially from actual experience; the political, regulatory and economic effects arising from the vote and resulting negotiations as a result of the vote by the U.K. electorate in favor of a U.K. exit from the European Union in the June 2016 referendum; the reliability of, and changes in assumptions to, natural and man-made catastrophe pricing, accumulation and estimated loss models; decreased demand for our insurance or reinsurance products; cyclical changes in the insurance and reinsurance industry; the models we use to assess our exposure to losses from future natural catastrophes contain inherent uncertainties and our actual losses may differ significantly from expectations; our capital models may provide materially different indications than actual results; increased competition from existing (re)insurers and from alternative capital providers and insurance-linked funds and collateralized special purpose insurers on the basis of pricing, capacity, coverage terms, new capital, binding authorities to brokers or other factors and the related demand and supply dynamics as contracts come up for renewal; our ability to execute our business plan to enter new markets, introduce new products and teams and develop new distribution channels, including their integration into our existing operations; our acquisition strategy; changes in market conditions in the agriculture industry, which may vary depending upon demand for agricultural products, weather, commodity prices, natural disasters, and changes in legislation and policies related to agricultural products and producers; termination of, or changes in, the terms of the U.S. Federal Multiple Peril Crop Insurance Program or the U.S. Farm Bill, including modifications to the Standard Reinsurance Agreement put in place by the Risk Management Agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture; the recent consolidation in the (re)insurance industry; loss of one or more of our senior underwriters or key personnel; our ability to exercise capital management initiatives, including capital available to pursue our share repurchase program at various levels or to declare dividends, or to arrange banking facilities as a result of prevailing market conditions, the level of catastrophes or other losses or changes in our financial results; changes in the availability, cost or quality of reinsurance or retrocessional coverage; changes in general economic conditions, including inflation, deflation, foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates and other factors that could affect our financial results; the risk of a material decline in the value or liquidity of all or parts of our investment portfolio; the risks associated with the management of capital on behalf of investors; a failure in our operational systems or infrastructure or those of third parties, including those caused by security breaches or cyber attacks; evolving issues with respect to interpretation of coverage after major loss events; our ability to adequately model and price the effects of climate cycles and climate change; any intervening legislative or governmental action and changing judicial interpretation and judgments on insurers’ liability to various risks; the risks related to litigation; the effectiveness of our risk management loss limitation methods, including our reinsurance purchasing; changes in the total industry losses or our share of total industry losses resulting from events such as catastrophes that have occurred in prior years or may occur and, with respect to such events, our reliance on loss reports received from cedants and loss adjustors, our reliance on industry loss estimates and those generated by modeling techniques, changes in rulings on flood damage or other exclusions as a result of prevailing lawsuits and case law; the impact of one or more large losses from events other than natural catastrophes or by an unexpected accumulation of attritional losses and deterioration with loss estimates; the impact of acts of terrorism, acts of war and related legislation; any changes in our reinsurers’ credit quality and the amount and timing of reinsurance recoverables; the continuing and uncertain impact of the current depressed lower growth economic environment in many of the countries in which we operate; our reliance on information and technology and third-party service providers for our operations and systems; the level of inflation in repair costs due to limited availability of labor and materials after catastrophes; a decline in our operating subsidiaries’ ratings with S&P, A.M. Best or Moody’s; the failure of our reinsurers, policyholders, brokers or other intermediaries to honor their payment obligations; our reliance on the assessment and pricing of individual risks by third parties; our dependence on a few brokers for a large portion of our revenues; the persistence of heightened financial risks, including excess sovereign debt, the banking system and the Eurozone crisis; changes in government regulations or tax laws in jurisdictions where we conduct business; changes in accounting principles or policies or in the application of such accounting principles or policies; increased counterparty risk due to the credit impairment of financial institutions; and Aspen or Aspen Bermuda Limited becoming subject to income taxes in the United States or the United Kingdom. For a more detailed description of these uncertainties and other factors, please see the “Risk Factors” section in Aspen’s Annual Report on Form 10-K as filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") on February 22, 2017. Aspen undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the dates on which they are made.

In addition, any estimates relating to loss events involve the exercise of considerable judgment and reflect a combination of ground-up evaluations, information available to date from brokers and cedants, market intelligence, initial tentative loss reports and other sources. The actuarial range of reserves and management’s best estimate represents a distribution from our internal capital model for reserving risk based on our current state of knowledge and explicit and implicit assumptions relating to the incurred pattern of claims, the expected ultimate settlement amount, inflation and dependencies between lines of business. Due to the complexity of factors contributing to losses and the preliminary nature of the information used to prepare estimates, there can be no assurance that Aspen’s ultimate losses will remain within the stated amounts.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In presenting Aspen’s results, management has included and discussed certain “non-GAAP financial measures.” Management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures, which may be defined differently by other companies, better explain Aspen’s results of operations in a manner that allows for a more complete understanding of the underlying trends in Aspen’s business. However, these measures should not be viewed as a substitute for those determined in accordance with GAAP. The reconciliation of such non-GAAP financial measures to their respective most directly comparable GAAP financial measure is included in the financial supplement or this release. Aspen’s financial supplement and first quarter 2017 earnings press release, which were filed with the SEC on Form 8-K on February 22, 2017, can be obtained from the Investor Relations section of Aspen’s website at www.aspen.co.

Annualized Operating Return on Average Equity (“Operating ROE”) is a non-GAAP financial measure. Operating ROE is calculated using operating income, as defined below, and average equity is calculated as the arithmetic average on a monthly basis for the stated periods of shareholders’ equity excluding the aggregate value of the liquidation preferences of our preference shares net of issuance costs and the total amount of non-controlling interest. Aspen presents Operating ROE as a measure that is commonly recognized as a standard of performance by investors, analysts, rating agencies and other users of its financial information. Please see page 21 of Aspen’s financial supplement for a reconciliation of net income to operating income and page 7 for a reconciliation of average shareholders’ equity to average ordinary shareholders’ equity.

Operating Income is a non-GAAP financial measure. Operating income is an internal performance measure used by Aspen in the management of its operations and represents after-tax operational results excluding, as applicable, after-tax net realized and unrealized gains or losses, including net realized and unrealized gains and losses on interest rate swaps, after-tax net foreign exchange gains or losses, including net realized and unrealized gains and losses from foreign exchange contracts, net realized gains or losses on investments, amortization of intangible assets and certain non-recurring income and expenses. Also included in the first quarter of 2017 was the issue cost associated with the redemption of the 7.401% Perpetual Non-Cumulative Preference Shares.

Aspen excludes the items above from its calculation of operating income because they are either not expected to recur and therefore are not reflective of underlying performance or the amount of these gains or losses is heavily influenced by, and fluctuates in part, according to the availability of market opportunities. Aspen believes these amounts are largely independent of its business and underwriting process and including them would distort the analysis of trends in its operations. In addition to presenting net income determined in accordance with GAAP, Aspen believes that showing operating income enables investors, analysts, rating agencies and other users of its financial information to more easily analyze Aspen’s results of operations in a manner similar to how management analyzes Aspen’s underlying business performance. Operating income should not be viewed as a substitute for GAAP net income. Please see page 21 of Aspen’s financial supplement for a reconciliation of net income to operating income.

Diluted Book Value per Ordinary Share is not a non-GAAP financial measure. Aspen has included diluted book value per ordinary share as it illustrates the effect on basic book value per share of dilutive securities thereby providing a better benchmark for comparison with other companies. Diluted book value per share is calculated using the treasury stock method, defined on page 20 of Aspen’s financial supplement.

Diluted Operating Earnings per Share and Basic Operating Earnings per Share are non-GAAP financial measures. Aspen believes that the presentation of diluted operating earnings per share and basic operating earnings per share supports meaningful comparison from period to period and the analysis of normal business operations. Diluted operating earnings per share and basic operating earnings per share are calculated by dividing operating income by the diluted or basic weighted average number of shares outstanding for the period. Please see page 21 of Aspen’s financial supplement for a reconciliation of basic earnings per share to diluted and basic operating earnings per share.

Accident Year Loss Ratio Excluding Catastrophes is a non-GAAP financial measure. Aspen believes that the presentation of loss ratios excluding catastrophes and prior year reserve movements supports meaningful comparison from period to period of the underlying performance of the business. Accident year loss ratios excluding catastrophes are calculated by dividing net losses excluding catastrophe losses, net expenses and prior year reserve movements by net earned premiums excluding catastrophe-related reinstatement premiums. Aspen has defined catastrophe losses in the first quarter of 2017 as losses associated predominantly with a tornado in Mississippi, Cyclone Debbie in Australia, and various other weather-related events. Catastrophe losses in the first quarter of 2016 were defined as losses associated with weather-related events in the U.S. and an earthquake in Taiwan. Please see page 9 of this release for a reconciliation of loss ratios to accident year loss ratios excluding catastrophes.

Contacts

Investors
Aspen
Mark Jones, +1-646-289-4945
Senior Vice President, Investor Relations
mark.p.jones@aspen.co
or
Media
Aspen
Steve Colton, +44-20-7184-8337
Group Head of Communications
steve.colton@aspen.co
or
International - Citigate Dewe Rogerson
Caroline Merrell or Jos Bieneman
caroline.merrell@citigatedr.co.uk
jos.bieneman@citigatedr.co.uk
+44-20-7638-9571
or
North America - Sard Verbinnen & Co
Paul Scarpetta or Jamie Tully
+1-212-687 8080

Contacts

Investors
Aspen
Mark Jones, +1-646-289-4945
Senior Vice President, Investor Relations
mark.p.jones@aspen.co
or
Media
Aspen
Steve Colton, +44-20-7184-8337
Group Head of Communications
steve.colton@aspen.co
or
International - Citigate Dewe Rogerson
Caroline Merrell or Jos Bieneman
caroline.merrell@citigatedr.co.uk
jos.bieneman@citigatedr.co.uk
+44-20-7638-9571
or
North America - Sard Verbinnen & Co
Paul Scarpetta or Jamie Tully
+1-212-687 8080