American Tower Corporation Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2016 Financial Results

CONSOLIDATED HIGHLIGHTS

Fourth Quarter 2016

  • Total revenue increased 20.3% to $1,540 million
  • Property revenue increased 21.6% to $1,521 million
  • Net income increased 5.1% to $233 million
  • Adjusted EBITDA increased 16.7% to $936 million
  • Consolidated AFFO increased 20.9% to $655 million

Full Year 2016

  • Total revenue increased 21.3% to $5,786 million
  • Property revenue increased 22.1% to $5,713 million
  • Net income increased 44.4% to $970 million
  • Adjusted EBITDA increased 15.9% to $3,553 million
  • Consolidated AFFO increased 15.8% to $2,490 million

BOSTON--()--American Tower Corporation (NYSE:AMT) today reported financial results for the quarter and full year ended December 31, 2016.

Jim Taiclet, American Tower’s Chief Executive Officer stated, “In 2016, we once again generated double digit growth in our property revenue, Adjusted EBITDA and Consolidated AFFO per Share. At the same time, we continued to expand our asset base through our active tower construction program and accretive acquisitions like the Viom transaction in India and ended the year with nearly 145,000 towers and small cell systems.

In all of these markets, consumers are driving increases in smartphone penetration and monthly data consumption, including in the U.S., where the average smartphone user now consumes over 4.4 gigabytes of data per month. We expect that these trends will in turn result in continued network investment and underpin our expectations for 2017, which include Organic Tenant Billings Growth of over 7% and Consolidated AFFO growth of over 10%. Further, we continue to target annual dividend per share growth of at least 20%, remain committed to our target net leverage range and expect to evaluate both accretive acquisition opportunities and a reinstatement of our share repurchase program during the course of the year.”

CONSOLIDATED OPERATING RESULTS OVERVIEW

American Tower generated the following operating results for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2016 (unless otherwise indicated, all comparative information is presented against the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015), as applicable.

           
($ in millions, except per share amounts)   Q4 2016 Growth Rate FY 2016 Growth Rate
Total revenue $   1,540 20.3 % $   5,786 21.3 %
Total property revenue $ 1,521 21.6 % $ 5,713 22.1 %
Total Tenant Billings Growth $ 215 20.8 % $ 881 22.4 %
Organic Tenant Billings Growth $ 81 7.8 % $ 308 7.8 %
Property Gross Margin $ 1,042 14.7 % $ 3,963 16.0 %
Property Gross Margin % 68.5 % 69.4 %
Net income(1) $ 233 5.1 % $ 970 44.4 %
Net income attributable to AMT common stockholders(1) $ 202 (1.7 )% $ 849 42.8 %
Net income attributable to AMT common stockholders per diluted share(1) $ 0.47 (2.1 )% $ 1.98 40.4 %
Adjusted EBITDA $ 936 16.7 % $ 3,553 15.9 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin % 60.8 % 61.4 %
 
NAREIT Funds From Operations (FFO) attributable to AMT common stockholders(1) $ 557 5.2 % $ 2,188 26.3 %
Consolidated AFFO $ 655 20.9 % $ 2,490 15.8 %
Consolidated AFFO per Share $ 1.52 19.7 % $ 5.80 14.2 %
AFFO attributable to AMT common stockholders $ 631 17.0 % $ 2,400 13.4 %
AFFO attributable to AMT common stockholders per Share $ 1.47 16.7 % $ 5.59 11.8 %
 
Cash provided by operating activities $ 725 13.4 % $ 2,704 23.8 %
Less: total cash capital expenditures(2) $   212   0.8 % $   701   (3.8 )%
Free Cash Flow $ 513 19.6 % $ 2,002 37.7 %
 
(1)     FY 2016 growth rate includes the impact of a one-time cash tax charge of approximately $93 million recorded in Q3 2015 as part of a tax election pursuant to which GTP REIT no longer operates as a separate REIT for federal and state income tax purposes.
(2) Cash capital expenditures for Q4 2016 and FY 2016 include $5.1 million and $18.9 million, respectively, of payments on capital leases of property and equipment, which are presented in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows included herein under Repayments of notes payable, credit facilities, term loan, senior notes and capital leases.
 

Please refer to “Non-GAAP and Defined Financial Measures” below for definitions and other information regarding the Company’s use of non-GAAP measures. For financial information and reconciliations to GAAP measures, please refer to the “Unaudited Selected Consolidated Financial Information” and “Unaudited Reconciliations to GAAP Measures and the Calculation of Defined Financial Measures” below.

CAPITAL ALLOCATION OVERVIEW

Distributions – During the quarter and full year ended December 31, 2016, the Company declared the following regular cash distributions to its common stockholders:

       
Common Stock Distributions   Q4 2016(1) FY 2016
Distribution per share $ 0.58 $ 2.17
Aggregate amount (in millions) $ 248 $ 924
Year-over-year per share growth 18 % 20 %
_______________
(1)     The dividend declared was paid in the first quarter of 2017 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on December 28, 2016.
 

In addition, the Company paid approximately $27 million in preferred stock dividends during the fourth quarter of 2016 and $107 million during the year ended December 31,2016.

Capital Expenditures During the fourth quarter of 2016, total capital expenditures were $212 million, of which approximately $47 million was for non-discretionary capital improvements and corporate capital expenditures. For the full year, total capital expenditures were $701 million, of which approximately $127 million was for non-discretionary capital improvements and corporate capital expenditures. For additional capital expenditure details, please refer to the supplemental disclosure package available on the Company’s website.

Acquisitions and Other Transactions During the fourth quarter of 2016, the Company spent approximately $106 million to acquire 108 sites, primarily in its existing international markets, and Comunicaciones y Consumos, S.A. (CyCSA) in Argentina, a new market for the Company. In December 2016, the Company finalized its entry into a joint venture (“ATC Europe”) with PGGM. In addition, during the fourth quarter of 2016, ATC Europe entered into a definitive agreement to acquire FPS Towers (“FPS”) in France, which is also a new market for the Company. The FPS acquisition closed on February 15, 2017. As a result, the Company now operates in 15 countries. For the full year, the Company spent $1.4 billion to acquire over 43,000 communications sites, primarily in the Company’s international markets.

LEVERAGE AND FINANCING OVERVIEW

Leverage For the quarter ended December 31, 2016, the Company’s Net Leverage Ratio was approximately 4.7x net debt (total debt less cash and cash equivalents) to fourth quarter 2016 annualized Adjusted EBITDA.

   
Calculation of Net Leverage Ratio
($ in millions) As of December 31, 2016
Total debt $ 18,533
Less: Cash and cash equivalents 787
Net Debt   17,746
Divided By: Fourth quarter annualized Adjusted EBITDA(1)   3,743
Net Leverage Ratio 4.7x
_______________
(1)     Q4 2016 Adjusted EBITDA multiplied by four.
 

Liquidity As of December 31, 2016, the Company had approximately $3.6 billion of total liquidity, consisting of approximately $0.8 billion in cash and cash equivalents plus the ability to borrow an aggregate of approximately $2.8 billion under its revolving credit facilities, net of any outstanding letters of credit.

Subsequent to the end of the fourth quarter of 2016, the Company borrowed an aggregate of $1.0 billion under its credit facilities. These borrowings were used to fund the Company’s FPS acquisition in France, the redemption of all outstanding 7.25% senior unsecured notes, the repayment of all amounts outstanding under certain securitized notes assumed in connection with prior acquisitions and for general corporate purposes.

FULL YEAR 2017 OUTLOOK

The following estimates are based on a number of assumptions that management believes to be reasonable and reflect the Company’s expectations as of February 27, 2017. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates as a result of various factors, and the Company refers you to the cautionary language regarding “forward-looking” statements included in this press release when considering this information.

The Company’s outlook includes the impact of its recently closed acquisition of FPS and is based on the following average foreign currency exchange rates to 1.00 U.S. Dollar for the remainder of 2017: (a) 16.70 Argentinean Pesos; (b) 3.35 Brazilian Reais; (c) 675 Chilean Pesos; (d) 3,060 Colombian Pesos; (e) 0.95 Euros; (f) 4.45 Ghanaian Cedi; (g) 68.60 Indian Rupees; (h) 21.50 Mexican Pesos; (i) 320.00 Nigerian Naira; (j) 3.40 Peruvian Soles; (k) 14.40 South African Rand; and (l) 3,650 Ugandan Shillings.

Additional information pertaining to the impact of foreign currency and London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) fluctuations on the Company’s outlook has been provided in the supplemental disclosure package available on its website. The impact of foreign currency fluctuations on net income is not provided, as the impact on all components of the net income measure cannot be calculated without unreasonable effort.

     
2017 Outlook ($ in millions)

Full Year 2017

Midpoint
Growth

Total property revenue(1) $ 6,210   to   $ 6,390 10.3 %
Net income 1,175 to 1,245 24.7 %
Adjusted EBITDA 3,810 to 3,910 8.6 %
Consolidated AFFO 2,700 to 2,800 10.4 %
_______________
(1)     Includes U.S. property revenue of $3,445 to $3,505 and international property revenue of $2,765 to $2,885 reflecting midpoint growth rates of 3.1% and 20.6%, respectively. The U.S. growth rate reflects a negative impact of 1.2% from the non-recurrence of approximately $39 million in decommissioning revenue from 2016 and 1.8% associated with a decrease in non-cash straight-line revenue recognition. International property revenue reflects the Company’s Latin America, EMEA and Asia segments.
 
       
 

2017 Outlook for Total Property revenue, at the midpoint, includes the following components(1):
($ in millions, totals may not add due to rounding.)

U.S. Property

International
Property(2)

Total Property
International pass-through revenue

$

N/A

$ 890 $ 890
Straight-line revenue 18 40 58
_______________
(1)     For additional discussion regarding these components, please refer to “Revenue Components” below.
(2) International property revenue reflects the Company’s Latin America, EMEA and Asia segments.
 
       
2017 Outlook growth, at the midpoint, includes the following components(1):

Total Property
Revenue

Adjusted
EBITDA

Consolidated
AFFO

Outlook midpoint growth 10.3% 8.6% 10.4%
Estimated impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates (0.9)% (0.7)% (0.7)%
Estimated impact of straight-line revenue and expense recognition (1.6)% (2.2)% —%
Estimated impact of international pass-through revenue 1.6% —% —%
_______________
(1)     Growth components for net income are not provided, as the impact of each of the line items on the measure cannot be calculated without unreasonable effort.
 
       

2017 Outlook growth, at the midpoint, includes the following components(1):
(Totals may not add due to rounding.)

U.S. Property

International
Property(2)

Total
Property

Organic Tenant Billings ~6% ~10% ~7-8%
New Site Tenant Billings ~0.1% ~16% ~5-6%
Total Tenant Billings Growth >6% >25% >12%
_______________
(1)     For additional discussion regarding the component growth rates, please refer to “Revenue Components” below.
(2) International property revenue reflects the Company’s Latin America, EMEA and Asia segments.
 
       
Outlook for Capital Expenditures:
($ in millions)
(Totals may not add due to rounding.) Full Year 2017
Discretionary capital projects(1) $   145 to $   175
Ground lease purchases 150 to 160
Start-up capital projects 165 to 185
Redevelopment 185 to 215
Capital improvement 140 to 150
Corporate 15 15
Total $   800 to $   900
_______________
(1)     Includes the construction of approximately 2,500 to 3,500 communications sites globally.
 
 
Reconciliation of Outlook for Adjusted EBITDA to Net income:
($ in millions)    
(Totals may not add due to rounding.) Full Year 2017
Net income $   1,175   to   $   1,245
Interest expense 750 to 770
Depreciation, amortization and accretion 1,535 to 1,565
Income tax provision 143 to 133
Stock-based compensation expense 91 91

Other, including other operating expenses, interest income, gain (loss) on retirement of long-term

obligations and other income (expense)

116 to 106
Adjusted EBITDA $   3,810 to $   3,910
 
 
Reconciliation of Outlook for Consolidated AFFO to Net income:
($ in millions)    
(Totals may not add due to rounding.) Full Year 2017
Net income $   1,175   to   $   1,245
Straight-line revenue (58 ) (58 )
Straight-line expense 66 66
Depreciation, amortization and accretion 1,535 to 1,565
Stock-based compensation expense 91 91
Deferred portion of income tax 7 to 23

Other, including other operating expenses, amortization of deferred financing costs, capitalized

interest, debt discounts and premiums, gain (loss) on retirement of long-term obligations, other

income (expense), long-term deferred interest charges and dividends on preferred stock

39 to 33
Capital improvement capital expenditures (140 ) to (150 )
Corporate capital expenditures (15 ) (15 )
Consolidated AFFO $   2,700   to $   2,800  
 

Conference Call Information

American Tower will host a conference call today at 8:30 a.m. ET to discuss its financial results for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2016 and its outlook for 2017. Supplemental materials for the call will be available on the Company’s website, www.americantower.com. The conference call dial-in numbers are as follows:

U.S./Canada dial-in: (800) 260-0702
International dial-in: (612) 288-0318
Passcode: 416147

When available, a replay of the call can be accessed until 11:59 p.m. ET on March 13, 2017. The replay dial-in numbers are as follows:

U.S./Canada dial-in: (800) 475-6701
International dial-in: (320) 365-3844
Passcode: 416147

American Tower will also sponsor a live simulcast and replay of the call on its website, www.americantower.com.

About American Tower

American Tower, one of the largest global REITs, is a leading independent owner, operator and developer of multitenant communications real estate with a portfolio of approximately 147,000 communications sites. For more information about American Tower, please visit the “Earnings Materials” and “Company & Industry Resources” sections of our investor relations website at www.americantower.com.

Non-GAAP and Defined Financial Measures

In addition to the results prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP) provided throughout this press release, the Company has presented the following non-GAAP and defined financial measures: Gross Margin, Operating Profit, Operating Profit Margin, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA Margin, NAREIT Funds From Operations (FFO) attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders, Consolidated Adjusted Funds From Operations (AFFO), AFFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders, Consolidated AFFO per Share, AFFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders per Share, Free Cash Flow, Net Debt and Net Leverage Ratio. In addition, the Company presents: Tenant Billings, Tenant Billings Growth, Organic Tenant Billings Growth and New Site Tenant Billings Growth.

These measures are not intended to replace financial performance measures determined in accordance with GAAP. Rather, they are presented as additional information because management believes they are useful indicators of the current financial performance of the Company's core businesses and are commonly used across its industry peer group. As outlined in detail below, the Company believes that these measures can assist in comparing company performance on a consistent basis irrespective of depreciation and amortization or capital structure, while also providing valuable incremental insight into the underlying operating trends of its business.

Depreciation and amortization can vary significantly among companies depending on accounting methods, particularly where acquisitions or non-operating factors, including historical cost basis, are involved. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company's Non-GAAP and Defined Financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies.

Revenue Components

In addition to reporting total revenue, the Company believes that providing transparency around the components of its revenue provides investors with insight into the indicators of the underlying demand for, and operating performance of, its real estate portfolio. Accordingly, the Company has provided disclosure of the following revenue components: (i) Tenant Billings, (ii) New Site Tenant Billings; (iii) Organic Tenant Billings; (iv) International pass-through revenue; (v) Straight-line revenue; (vi) Pre-paid amortization revenue; and (vii) Other revenue.

Tenant Billings: The majority of the Company’s revenue is generated from non-cancellable, long-term tenant leases. Revenue from Tenant Billings reflects several key aspects of the Company’s real estate business: (i) “colocations/amendments” reflects new tenant leases for space on existing towers and amendments to existing leases to add additional tenant equipment; (ii) “escalations” reflects contractual increases in billing rates, which are typically tied to fixed percentages or a variable percentage based on a consumer price index; (iii) “cancellations” reflects the impact of tenant lease terminations or non-renewals or, in limited circumstances, when the lease rates on existing leases are reduced; and (iv) “new sites” reflects the impact of new property construction and acquisitions.

New Site Tenant Billings: Day-one Tenant Billings associated with sites that have been built or acquired since the beginning of the prior-year period. Incremental colocations/amendments, escalations or cancellations that occur on these sites after the date of their initial addition to our portfolio are not included in New Site Tenant Billings. The Company believes providing New Site Tenant Billings enhances an investor’s ability to analyze our existing real estate portfolio growth as well as our development program growth, as the Company’s construction and acquisition activities can drive variability in growth rates from period to period.

Organic Tenant Billings: Tenant Billings on sites that the Company has owned since the beginning of the prior-year period, as well as Tenant Billings activity on new sites that occurred after the date of their initial addition to the Company’s portfolio.

International pass-through revenue: A portion of the Company’s pass-through revenue is based on power and fuel expense reimbursements and therefore subject to fluctuations in fuel prices. As a result, revenue growth rates may fluctuate depending on the market price for fuel in any given period, which is not representative of the Company’s real estate business and its economic exposure to power and fuel costs. Furthermore, this expense reimbursement mitigates the economic impact associated with fluctuations in operating expenses, such as power and fuel costs and land rents in certain of the Company’s markets. As a result, the Company believes that it is appropriate to provide insight into the impact of pass-through revenue on certain revenue growth rates.

Straight-line revenue: Under GAAP, the Company recognizes revenue on a straight-line basis over the term of the contract for certain of its tenant leases. Due to the Company’s significant base of non-cancellable, long-term tenant leases, this can result in significant fluctuations in growth rates upon tenant lease signings and renewals (typically increases), when amounts billed or received upfront upon these events are initially deferred. These signings and renewals are only a portion of the Company’s underlying business growth and can distort the underlying performance of our Tenant Billings Growth. As a result, the Company believes that it is appropriate to provide insight into the impact of straight-line revenue on certain growth rates in revenue and select other measures.

Pre-paid amortization revenue: The Company recovers a portion of the costs it incurs for the redevelopment and development of its properties from its tenants. These upfront payments are then amortized over the initial term of the corresponding tenant lease. Given this amortization is not necessarily directly representative of underlying leasing activity on our real estate portfolio, (i.e.: does not have a renewal option or escalation as our tenant leases do) the Company believes that it is appropriate to provide insight into the impact of pre-paid amortization revenue on certain revenue growth rates to provide transparency into the underlying performance of our real estate business.

Foreign currency exchange impact: The majority of the Company’s international revenue and operating expenses are denominated in each respective country’s local currency. As a result, foreign currency fluctuations may distort the underlying performance of our real estate business from period to period, depending on the movement of foreign currency exchange rates versus the U.S. Dollar. The Company believes it is appropriate to quantify the impact of foreign currency exchange fluctuations to its reported growth to provide transparency into the underlying performance of its real estate business.

Other revenue: Typically an immaterial portion of the Company’s total revenue, Other revenue represents revenue not captured by the above listed terms and can include items such as tenant settlements.

Non-GAAP and Defined Financial Measure Definitions

Tenant Billings Growth: The increase or decrease resulting from a comparison of Tenant Billings for a current period with Tenant Billings for the corresponding prior-year period, in each case adjusted for foreign currency exchange fluctuations. The Company believes this measure provides valuable insight into the growth in recurring Tenant Billings and underlying demand for its real estate portfolio.

Organic Tenant Billings Growth: The portion of Tenant Billings Growth attributable to Organic Tenant Billings. The Company believes that organic growth is a useful measure of its ability to add tenancy and incremental revenue to its assets for the reported period, which enables investors and analysts to gain additional insight into the relative attractiveness, and therefore the value, of the Company’s property assets.

New Site Tenant Billings Growth: The portion of Tenant Billings Growth attributable to New Site Tenant Billings. The Company believes this measure provides valuable insight into the growth attributable to Tenant Billings from recently acquired or constructed properties.

Gross Margin: Revenues less operating expenses, excluding stock-based compensation expense recorded in costs of operations, depreciation, amortization and accretion, selling, general, administrative and development expense and other operating expenses. The Company believes this measure provides valuable insight into the site-level profitability of its assets.

Operating Profit: Gross Margin less selling, general, administrative and development expense, excluding stock-based compensation expense and corporate expenses. The Company believes this measure provides valuable insight into the site-level profitability of its assets while also taking into account the overhead expenses required to manage each of its operating segments.

For segment reporting purposes, the Latin America property segment Operating Profit and Gross Margin also include interest income, TV Azteca, net. Operating Profit and Gross Margin are before interest income, interest expense, gain (loss) on retirement of long-term obligations, other income (expense), net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest and income tax benefit (provision).

Operating Profit Margin: The percentage that results from dividing Operating Profit by revenue.

Adjusted EBITDA: Net income before income (loss) from equity method investments, income tax benefit (provision), other income (expense), gain (loss) on retirement of long-term obligations, interest expense, interest income, other operating income (expense), depreciation, amortization and accretion and stock-based compensation expense. The Company believes this measure provides valuable insight into the profitability of its operations while at the same time taking into account the central overhead expenses required to manage its global operations. In addition, it is a widely used performance measure across our telecommunications real estate sector.

Adjusted EBITDA Margin: The percentage that results from dividing Adjusted EBITDA by total revenue.

NAREIT Funds From Operations (FFO), as defined by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (NAREIT), attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders: Net income before gains or losses from the sale or disposal of real estate, real estate related impairment charges, real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion and dividends on preferred stock, and including adjustments for (i) unconsolidated affiliates and (ii) noncontrolling interests. The Company believes this measure provides valuable insight into the operating performance of its property assets by excluding the charges described above, particularly depreciation expenses, given the high initial, up-front capital intensity of the Company’s operating model. In addition, it is a widely used performance measure across our telecommunications real estate sector.

Consolidated Adjusted Funds From Operations (AFFO): NAREIT FFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders before (i) straight-line revenue and expense, (ii) stock-based compensation expense, (iii) the deferred portion of income tax, (iv) non-real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion, (v) amortization of deferred financing costs, capitalized interest, debt discounts and premiums and long-term deferred interest charges, (vi) other income (expense), (vii) gain (loss) on retirement of long-term obligations, (viii) other operating income (expense), and adjustments for (ix) unconsolidated affiliates and (x) noncontrolling interests, less cash payments related to capital improvements and cash payments related to corporate capital expenditures. The Company believes this measure provides valuable insight into the operating performance of its property assets by further adjusting the NAREIT FFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders metric to exclude the factors outlined above, which if unadjusted, may cause material fluctuations in NAREIT FFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders growth from period to period that would not be representative of the underlying performance of our property assets in those periods. In addition, it is a widely used performance measure across our telecommunications real estate sector.

Adjusted Funds From Operations (AFFO) attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders: Consolidated AFFO, excluding the impact of noncontrolling interests on both NAREIT FFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders as well as the other line items included in the calculation of Consolidated AFFO. The Company believes that providing this additional metric enhances transparency, given a significantly larger minority interest component of its business as a result of the Company’s Viom transaction and European joint venture with PGGM, which both closed in 2016.

Consolidated AFFO per Share: Consolidated AFFO divided by the diluted weighted average common shares outstanding.

AFFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders per Share: AFFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders divided by the diluted weighted average common shares outstanding.

Free Cash Flow: Cash provided by operating activities less total cash capital expenditures, including payments on capital leases of property and equipment. The Company believes that Free Cash Flow is useful to investors as the basis for comparing our performance and coverage ratios with other companies in its industry.

Net Debt: Total long-term debt less cash and cash equivalents.

Net Leverage Ratio: Net Debt divided by the quarter’s annualized Adjusted EBITDA (the quarter’s Adjusted EBITDA multiplied by four). The Company believes that including this calculation is important for investors and analysts given it is a critical component underlying its credit agency ratings.

Cautionary Language Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains “forward-looking statements” concerning our goals, beliefs, expectations, strategies, objectives, plans, future operating results and underlying assumptions, and other statements that are not necessarily based on historical facts. Examples of these statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our full year 2017 outlook and other targets, foreign currency exchange rates, our expectation regarding the leasing demand for communications real estate and potential reinstatement of our share repurchase program. Actual results may differ materially from those indicated in our forward-looking statements as a result of various important factors, including: (1) decrease in demand for our communications infrastructure would materially and adversely affect our operating results, and we cannot control that demand; (2) increasing competition for tenants in the tower industry may materially and adversely affect our revenue; (3) if our tenants share site infrastructure to a significant degree or consolidate or merge, our growth, revenue and ability to generate positive cash flows could be materially and adversely affected; (4) our business is subject to government and tax regulations and changes in current or future laws or regulations could restrict our ability to operate our business as we currently do; (5) our foreign operations are subject to economic, political and other risks that could materially and adversely affect our revenues or financial position, including risks associated with fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates; (6) our expansion initiatives involve a number of risks and uncertainties, including those related to integrating acquired or leased assets, that could adversely affect our operating results, disrupt our operations or expose us to additional risk; (7) competition for assets could adversely affect our ability to achieve our return on investment criteria; (8) new technologies or changes in a tenant’s business model could make our tower leasing business less desirable and result in decreasing revenues; (9) our leverage and debt service obligations may materially and adversely affect our ability to raise additional financing to fund capital expenditures, future growth and expansion initiatives and to satisfy our distribution requirements; (10) a substantial portion of our revenue is derived from a small number of tenants, and we are sensitive to changes in the creditworthiness and financial strength of our tenants; (11) if we fail to remain qualified for taxation as a REIT, we will be subject to tax at corporate income tax rates, which may substantially reduce funds otherwise available, and even if we qualify for taxation as a REIT, we may face tax liabilities that impact earnings and available cash flow; (12) complying with REIT requirements may limit our flexibility or cause us to forego otherwise attractive opportunities; (13) restrictive covenants in the agreements related to our securitization transactions, our credit facilities and our debt securities and the terms of our preferred stock could materially and adversely affect our business by limiting flexibility, and we may be prohibited from paying dividends on our common stock, which may jeopardize our qualification for taxation as a REIT; (14) if we are unable to protect our rights to the land under our towers, it could adversely affect our business and operating results; (15) if we are unable or choose not to exercise our rights to purchase towers that are subject to lease and sublease agreements at the end of the applicable period, our cash flows derived from such towers will be eliminated; (16) our costs could increase and our revenues could decrease due to perceived health risks from radio emissions, especially if these perceived risks are substantiated; (17) we could have liability under environmental and occupational safety and health laws; and (18) our towers, data centers or computer systems may be affected by natural disasters and other unforeseen events for which our insurance may not provide adequate coverage. For additional information regarding factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated in our forward-looking statements, we refer you to the information contained in Item 1A of our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, under the caption “Risk Factors”. We undertake no obligation to update the information contained in this press release to reflect subsequently occurring events or circumstances.

     

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands)

 
December 31, 2016 December 31, 2015
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 787,161 $ 320,686
Restricted cash 149,281 142,193
Short-term investments 4,026
Accounts receivable, net 308,369 227,354
Prepaid and other current assets 441,033   306,235  
Total current assets 1,689,870   996,468  
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, net 10,517,258 9,866,424
GOODWILL 5,070,680 4,091,805
OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS, net 11,274,611 9,837,876
DEFERRED TAX ASSET 195,678 212,041
DEFERRED RENT ASSET 1,289,530 1,166,755
NOTES RECEIVABLE AND OTHER NON-CURRENT ASSETS 841,523   732,903  
TOTAL $ 30,879,150   $ 26,904,272  
LIABILITIES
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable $ 118,666 $ 96,714
Accrued expenses 620,563 516,413
Distributions payable 250,550 210,027
Accrued interest 157,297 115,672
Current portion of long-term obligations 238,806 50,202
Unearned revenue 245,387   211,001  
Total current liabilities 1,631,269   1,200,029  
LONG-TERM OBLIGATIONS 18,294,659 17,068,807
ASSET RETIREMENT OBLIGATIONS 965,507 856,936
DEFERRED TAX LIABILITY 777,572 106,333
OTHER NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES 1,142,723   959,349  
Total liabilities 22,811,730   20,191,454  
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS 1,091,220
EQUITY:
Preferred stock, Series A 60 60
Preferred stock, Series B 14 14
Common stock 4,299 4,267
Additional paid-in capital 10,043,559 9,690,609
Distributions in excess of earnings (1,076,965 ) (998,535 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (1,999,332 ) (1,836,996 )
Treasury stock (207,740 ) (207,740 )
Total American Tower Corporation equity 6,763,895 6,651,679
Noncontrolling interests 212,305   61,139  
Total equity 6,976,200   6,712,818  
TOTAL $ 30,879,150   $ 26,904,272  
 
     

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)

 

Three Months Ended
December 31,

Twelve Months Ended
December 31,

2016   2015 2016   2015
REVENUES:
Property $ 1,521,347 $ 1,251,124 $ 5,713,126 $ 4,680,388
Services 18,202   28,917   72,542   91,128  
Total operating revenues 1,539,549   1,280,041   5,785,668   4,771,516  
OPERATING EXPENSES:
Costs of operations (exclusive of items shown separately below):

Property (including stock-based compensation expense of $425, $396,

$1,750 and $1,614, respectively)

482,308 345,812 1,762,694 1,275,436

Services (including stock-based compensation expense of $110, $103,

$688 and $439, respectively)

5,688 10,569 27,695 33,432
Depreciation, amortization and accretion 388,237 352,356 1,525,635 1,285,328

Selling, general, administrative and development expense (including stock-based

compensation expense of $19,151, $17,787, $87,460 and $88,484, respectively)

138,309 143,375 543,395 497,835
Other operating expenses 35,711   25,805   73,220   66,696  
Total operating expenses 1,050,253   877,917   3,932,639   3,158,727  
OPERATING INCOME 489,296   402,124   1,853,029   1,612,789  
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):
Interest income, TV Azteca, net of interest expense of $317, $40, $1,163 and $820, respectively 2,754 2,958 10,960 11,209
Interest income 9,240 4,608 25,618 16,479
Interest expense (186,049 ) (149,721 ) (717,125 ) (595,949 )
Gain (loss) on retirement of long-term obligations 338 (813 ) 1,168 (79,606 )

Other expense (including unrealized foreign currency losses (gains) of $19,895,

($36,398), $23,439 and $71,473, respectively)

(21,896 ) (11,669 ) (47,790 ) (134,960 )
Total other expense (195,613 ) (154,637 ) (727,169 ) (782,827 )
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAXES 293,683 247,487 1,125,860 829,962
Income tax provision(1) (60,830 ) (25,892 ) (155,501 ) (157,955 )
NET INCOME 232,853 221,595 970,359 672,007
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests (3,646 ) 11,107   (13,934 ) 13,067  
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STOCKHOLDERS 229,207 232,702 956,425 685,074
Dividends on preferred stock (26,781 ) (26,781 ) (107,125 ) (90,163 )
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION COMMON STOCKHOLDERS $ 202,426   $ 205,921   $ 849,300   $ 594,911  
NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE AMOUNTS:
Basic net income attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders $ 0.48   $ 0.49   $ 2.00   $ 1.42  
Diluted net income attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders $ 0.47   $ 0.48   $ 1.98   $ 1.41  
WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING:
BASIC 426,071   423,736   425,143   418,907  
DILUTED 429,896   427,802   429,283   423,015  
_______________
(1)     Full year 2015 amount includes the impact of a one-time cash tax charge of approximately $93 million as part of the tax election related to the GTP REIT recorded in the third quarter of 2015.
 
   

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)

 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
2016   2015
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net income $ 970,359 $ 672,007
Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation, amortization and accretion 1,525,635 1,285,328
Stock-based compensation expense 89,898 90,537
(Gain) loss on early retirement of long-term obligations (1,168 ) 79,750
Other non-cash items reflected in statements of operations 222,689 190,718
Decrease in restricted cash 5,256 16,112
Increase in net deferred rent balances (63,896 ) (98,883 )
Increase in assets (71,877 ) (147,425 )
Increase in liabilities 26,708   94,908  
Cash provided by operating activities 2,703,604   2,183,052  
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Payments for purchase of property and equipment and construction activities (682,505 ) (728,753 )
Payments for acquisitions, net of cash acquired (1,416,373 ) (1,961,056 )
Payment for Verizon transaction (4,748 ) (5,059,462 )
Proceeds from sales of short-term investments and other non-current assets 13,056 1,032,320
Payments for short-term investments (750 ) (1,022,816 )
Deposits, restricted cash and other (16,126 ) (1,968 )
Cash used for investing activities (2,107,446 ) (7,741,735 )
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Proceeds from short-term borrowings, net 9,043
Borrowings under credit facilities 2,446,845 6,126,618
Proceeds from issuance of senior notes, net 3,236,383 1,492,298
Proceeds from term loan 500,000
Proceeds from other borrowings 54,549
Proceeds from issuance of securities in securitization transaction 875,000
Repayments of notes payable, credit facilities, term loan, senior notes and capital leases(1) (5,093,747 ) (6,393,405 )
Contributions from noncontrolling interest holders, net 238,480 7,201
Proceeds from stock options and stock purchase plan 92,473 50,716
Distributions paid on preferred stock (107,125 ) (84,647 )
Distributions paid on common stock (886,116 ) (710,852 )
Proceeds from the issuance of common stock, net 2,440,327
Proceeds from the issuance of preferred stock, net 1,337,946
Payment for early retirement of long-term obligations (86 ) (85,672 )
Deferred financing costs and other financing activities (26,401 ) (30,021 )
Cash (used for) provided by financing activities (99,294 ) 5,589,101  
Net effect of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents (30,389 ) (23,224 )
NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS 466,475 7,194
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF PERIOD 320,686   313,492  
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD $ 787,161   $ 320,686  
CASH PAID FOR INCOME TAXES, NET $ 96,241   $ 157,058  
CASH PAID FOR INTEREST $ 645,092   $ 577,952  
_______________
(1)     Twelve months ended December 31, 2016 includes $18.9 million of payments on capital leases of property and equipment.
 
   

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED RESULTS FROM OPERATIONS, BY SEGMENT
($ in millions. Totals may not add due to rounding.)

 
Three Months Ended December 31, 2016
Property   Services   Total
U.S.  

Latin
America

  Asia   EMEA  

Total
International

 

Total
Property

Segment revenues $ 852 $ 265 $ 270 $ 134 $ 670 $ 1,521 $ 18 $ 1,540
Segment operating expenses(1) 185 91 151 56 297 482 6 487
Interest income, TV Azteca, net   3       3   3     3  
Segment Gross Margin $ 667   $ 177   $ 119   $ 79   $ 375   $ 1,042   $ 13   $ 1,055  
Segment SG&A(1) 40   16   12   15   43   83   4   86  
Segment Operating Profit $ 627   $ 162   $ 107   $ 64   $ 333   $ 960   $ 9   $ 969  
Segment Operating Profit Margin 74 % 61 % 40 % 47 % 50 % 63 % 50 % 63 %
 
Revenue Growth 2.8 % 13.2 % 324.9 % 8.1 % 58.6 % 21.6 % (37.1 )% 20.3 %
Total Tenant Billings Growth 6.0 % 17.6 % 347.1 % 16.0 % 61.0 % 20.8 %
Organic Tenant Billings Growth 5.8 % 13.1 % 19.1 % 11.2 % 13.3 % 7.8 %
 
 
Revenue Components(2)
Prior-Year Tenant Billings $ 755 $ 150 $ 37 $ 91 $ 279 $ 1,034
Colocations/Amendments 34 9 8 5 22 57
Escalations 22 11 3 5 19 41
Cancellations (14 ) (1 ) (3 ) (1 ) (5 ) (19 )
Other 2   0   (0 ) 1   1   3  
Organic Tenant Billings $ 799   $ 170   $ 44   $ 102   $ 316   $ 1,115  
New Site Tenant Billings 1   7   122   4   133   134  
Total Tenant Billings $ 800   $ 177   $ 166   $ 106   $ 449   $ 1,249  
Foreign Currency Exchange Impact(3)   4   (4 ) (6 ) (6 ) (6 )
Total Tenant Billings (Current Period) $ 800   $ 181   $ 163   $ 100   $ 444   $ 1,243  
 
Straight-Line Revenue 17 8 5 1 14 31
Prepaid Amortization Revenue 25 1 0 1 26
Other Revenue 10 7 (5 ) (2 ) 0 10
International Pass-Through Revenue 66 110 46 222 222
Foreign Currency Exchange Impact(4)   3   (3 ) (11 ) (10 ) (10 )
Total Property Revenue (Current Period) $ 852   $ 265   $ 270   $ 134   $ 670   $ 1,521  
_______________
(1)     Excludes stock-based compensation expense.
(2) All components of revenue, except those labeled current period, have been translated at prior period foreign exchange rates.
(3) Reflects foreign currency exchange impact on all components of Total Tenant Billings.
(4) Reflects foreign currency exchange impact on components of revenue, other than Total Tenant Billings.
 
   

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED RESULTS FROM OPERATIONS, BY SEGMENT (CONTINUED)
($ in millions. Totals may not add due to rounding.)

 
Three Months Ended December 31, 2015
Property   Services   Total
U.S.  

Latin
America

  Asia   EMEA  

Total
International

 

Total
Property

Segment revenues $ 829 $ 234 $ 64 $ 124 $ 422 $ 1,251 $ 29 $ 1,280
Segment operating expenses(1) 176 83 33 54 169 345 10 356
Interest income, TV Azteca, net   3       3   3     3  
Segment Gross Margin $ 653   $ 155   $ 31   $ 71   $ 256   $ 909   $ 18   $ 927  
Segment SG&A(1) 49   18   6   15   38   87   5   92  
Segment Operating Profit $ 604   $ 137   $ 25   $ 56   $ 218   $ 821   $ 13   $ 835  
Segment Operating Profit Margin 73 % 58 % 39 % 45 % 52 % 66 % 46 % 65 %
 
Revenue Growth 21.8 % 10.0 % 11.4 % 57.5 % 21.0 % 21.5 % 75.7 % 22.3 %
Total Tenant Billings Growth 21.1 % 32.5 % 22.5 % 85.7 % 43.3 % 27.3 %
Organic Tenant Billings Growth 6.1 % 12.4 % 12.4 % 16.0 % 13.2 % 8.1 %
 
 
Revenue Components(2)
Prior-Year Tenant Billings $ 623 $ 156 $ 32 $ 55 $ 243 $ 867
Colocations/Amendments 33 11 4 5 20 53
Escalations 19 9 1 4 14 33
Cancellations (14 ) (2 ) (1 ) (0 ) (2 ) (17 )
Other (0 ) 1   0   (0 ) 1   1  
Organic Tenant Billings $ 661   $ 175   $ 36   $ 64   $ 276   $ 937  
New Site Tenant Billings 93   31   3   39   73   167  
Total Tenant Billings $ 755   $ 206   $ 40   $ 103   $ 349   $ 1,104  
Foreign Currency Exchange Impact(3)   (56 ) (2 ) (11 ) (70 ) (70 )
Total Tenant Billings (Current Period) $ 755   $ 150   $ 37   $ 91   $ 279   $ 1,034  
 
Straight-Line Revenue 30 19 0 2 21 51
Prepaid Amortization Revenue 22 0 0 0 23
Other Revenue 22 7 0 1 8 31
International Pass-Through Revenue 85 27 34 147 147
Foreign Currency Exchange Impact(4)   (28 ) (2 ) (4 ) (33 ) (33 )
Total Property Revenue (Current Period) $ 829   $ 234   $ 64   $ 124   $ 422   $ 1,251  
_______________
(1)     Excludes stock-based compensation expense.
(2) All components of revenue, except those labeled current period, have been translated at prior period foreign exchange rates.
(3) Reflects foreign currency exchange impact on all components of Total Tenant Billings.
(4) Reflects foreign currency exchange impact on components of revenue, other than Total Tenant Billings.
 
   

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED RESULTS FROM OPERATIONS, BY SEGMENT (CONTINUED)
($ in millions. Totals may not add due to rounding.)

 
Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2016
Property   Services   Total
U.S.  

Latin
America

  Asia   EMEA  

Total
International

 

Total
Property

Segment revenues $ 3,370 $ 986 $ 828 $ 530 $ 2,343 $ 5,713 $ 73 $ 5,786
Segment operating expenses(1) 733 338 466 224 1,028 1,761 27 1,788
Interest income, TV Azteca, net   11       11   11     11  
Segment Gross Margin $ 2,637   $ 659   $ 362   $ 306   $ 1,327   $ 3,963   $ 46   $ 4,009  
Segment SG&A(1) 148   61   48   61   170   317   13   330  
Segment Operating Profit $ 2,489   $ 598   $ 313   $ 245   $ 1,157   $ 3,646   $ 33   $ 3,679  
Segment Operating Profit Margin 74 % 61 % 38 % 46 % 49 % 64 % 46 % 64 %
 
Revenue Growth 6.7 % 11.3 % 241.7 % 34.0 % 53.9 % 22.1 % (20.4 )% 21.3 %
Total Tenant Billings Growth 8.9 % 21.2 % 259.4 % 42.4 % 59.2 % 22.4 %
Organic Tenant Billings Growth 5.8 % 13.2 % 13.4 % 14.1 % 13.5 % 7.8 %
 
 
Revenue Components(2)
Prior-Year Tenant Billings $ 2,881 $ 620 $ 142 $ 292 $ 1,055 $ 3,936
Colocations/Amendments 129 37 22 22 81 210
Escalations 83 47 7 19 73 155
Cancellations (49 ) (4 ) (9 ) (2 ) (15 ) (64 )
Other 3   2   (1 ) 2   3   6  
Organic Tenant Billings $ 3,046   $ 702   $ 161   $ 334   $ 1,197   $ 4,243  
New Site Tenant Billings 91   50   350   83   482   573  
Total Tenant Billings $ 3,138   $ 751   $ 511   $ 417   $ 1,679   $ 4,817  
Foreign Currency Exchange Impact(3)   (69 ) (20 ) (27 ) (117 ) (117 )
Total Tenant Billings (Current Period) $ 3,138   $ 682   $ 491   $ 389   $ 1,563   $ 4,700  
 
Straight-Line Revenue 79 40 14 4 59 138
Prepaid Amortization Revenue 94 2 0 2 97
Other Revenue 59 9 (6 ) (1 ) 2 61
International Pass-Through Revenue 281 343 159 783 783
Foreign Currency Exchange Impact(4)   (28 ) (14 ) (23 ) (65 ) (65 )
Total Property Revenue (Current Period) $ 3,370   $ 986   $ 828   $ 530   $ 2,343   $ 5,713  
_______________
(1)     Excludes stock-based compensation expense.
(2) All components of revenue, except those labeled current period, have been translated at prior period foreign exchange rates.
(3) Reflects foreign currency exchange impact on all components of Total Tenant Billings.
(4) Reflects foreign currency exchange impact on components of revenue, other than Total Tenant Billings.
 
   

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED RESULTS FROM OPERATIONS, BY SEGMENT (CONTINUED)
($ in millions. Totals may not add due to rounding.)

 
Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2015
Property   Services   Total
U.S.  

Latin
America

  Asia   EMEA  

Total
International

 

Total
Property

Segment revenues $ 3,158 $ 886 $ 242 $ 395 $ 1,523 $ 4,680 $ 91 $ 4,772
Segment operating expenses(1) 678 305 127 164 595 1,274 33 1,307
Interest income, TV Azteca, net   11       11   11     11  
Segment Gross Margin $ 2,479   $ 592   $ 115   $ 231   $ 939   $ 3,418   $ 58   $ 3,476  
Segment SG&A(1) 139   62   23   49   134   272   16   288  
Segment Operating Profit $ 2,340   $ 530   $ 93   $ 183   $ 805   $ 3,146   $ 42   $ 3,188  
Segment Operating Profit Margin 74 % 60 % 38 % 46 % 53 % 67 % 47 % 67 %
 
Revenue Growth 19.6 % 6.4 % 10.3 % 25.4 % 11.4 % 16.8 % (2.2 )% 16.4 %
Total Tenant Billings Growth 18.9 % 33.7 % 20.8 % 50.6 % 36.0 % 23.8 %
Organic Tenant Billings Growth 6.4 % 11.5 % 11.8 % 14.8 % 12.3 % 8.1 %
 
 
Revenue Components(2)
Prior-Year Tenant Billings $ 2,422 $ 606 $ 124 $ 225 $ 955 $ 3,377
Colocations/Amendments 141 42 17 17 76 217
Escalations 75 32 3 17 51 126
Cancellations (56 ) (7 ) (6 ) (0 ) (13 ) (69 )
Other (5 ) 4   (0 ) 0   4   (2 )
Organic Tenant Billings $ 2,577   $ 676   $ 138   $ 258   $ 1,073   $ 3,649  
New Site Tenant Billings 304   134   11   80   226   530  
Total Tenant Billings $ 2,881   $ 811   $ 149   $ 338   $ 1,299   $ 4,179  
Foreign Currency Exchange Impact(3)   (191 ) (7 ) (46 ) (244 ) (244 )
Total Tenant Billings (Current Period) $ 2,881   $ 620   $ 142   $ 292   $ 1,055   $ 3,936  
 
Straight-Line Revenue 119 34 1 7 43 162
Prepaid Amortization Revenue 81 2 0 2 83
Other Revenue 76 17 (0 ) 3 20 96
International Pass-Through Revenue 289 104 108 502 502
Foreign Currency Exchange Impact(4)   (77 ) (5 ) (17 ) (99 ) (99 )
Total Property Revenue (Current Period) $ 3,158   $ 886   $ 242   $ 395   $ 1,523   $ 4,680  
_______________
(1)     Excludes stock-based compensation expense.
(2) All components of revenue, except those labeled current period, have been translated at prior period foreign exchange rates.
(3) Reflects foreign currency exchange impact on all components of Total Tenant Billings.
(4) Reflects foreign currency exchange impact on components of revenue, other than Total Tenant Billings.
 

UNAUDITED SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION
($ in thousands. Totals may not add due to rounding.)

The following table reflects the estimated impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, international pass-through revenue and straight-line revenue and expense recognition on total property revenue, Adjusted EBITDA and Consolidated AFFO growth rates.

Components of Growth(1)(2):

       
 
Three months ended December 31, 2016

Property
Revenue

Adjusted
EBITDA

Consolidated
AFFO

Growth 21.6 % 16.7 % 20.9 %
Estimated impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates (0.5 )% (0.1 )% (0.3 )%
Estimated impact of straight-line revenue and expense recognition (2.3 )% (2.9 )% %
Estimated impact of international pass-through revenue 6.1 % % %
 
Twelve months ended December 31, 2016    

Property
Revenue

 

Adjusted
EBITDA

 

Consolidated
AFFO

 
Growth 22.1 % 15.9 % 15.8 %
Estimated impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates (2.6 )% (2.6 )% (2.9 )%
Estimated impact of straight-line revenue and expense recognition (1.3 )% (1.7 )% %
Estimated impact of international pass-through revenue 5.2 % % %
_______________
(1)     See “Non-GAAP and Defined Financial Measures” above.
(2) Growth components for net income are not provided, as the impact of each of the line items on the measure cannot be calculated without unreasonable effort.
 

The reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA and the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA Margin are as follows:

   

Three Months Ended
December 31,

 

Twelve Months Ended
December 31,

2016   2015 2016   2015
Net income $ 232,853 $ 221,595 $ 970,359 $ 672,007
Income tax provision 60,830 25,892 155,501 157,955
Other expense 21,896 11,669 47,790 134,960
(Gain) loss on retirement of long-term obligations (338 ) 813 (1,168 ) 79,606
Interest expense 186,049 149,721 717,125 595,949
Interest income (9,240 ) (4,608 ) (25,618 ) (16,479 )
Other operating expenses 35,711 25,805 73,220 66,696
Depreciation, amortization and accretion 388,237 352,356 1,525,635 1,285,328
Stock-based compensation expense 19,686   18,286   89,898   90,537  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 935,684   $ 801,529   $ 3,552,742   $ 3,066,559  
Total revenue 1,539,549   1,280,041   5,785,668   4,771,516  
Adjusted EBITDA Margin 61 % 63 % 61 % 64 %
 

UNAUDITED RECONCILIATIONS TO GAAP MEASURES AND THE CALCULATION OF DEFINED FINANCIAL MEASURES
($ in thousands, except per share data. Totals may not add due to rounding.)

The reconciliation of NAREIT FFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders to net income and the calculation of Consolidated AFFO, Consolidated AFFO per Share, AFFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders and AFFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders per Share are presented below:

     

Three Months Ended
December 31,

Twelve Months Ended
December 31,

2016   2015 2016   2015
Net income $ 232,853 $ 221,595 $ 970,359 $ 672,007
Real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion 345,360 311,066 1,358,927 1,128,340

Losses from sale or disposal of real estate and real estate related

impairment charges

32,583 17,771 54,465 29,427
Dividends on preferred stock (26,781 ) (26,781 ) (107,125 ) (90,163 )
Adjustments for unconsolidated affiliates and noncontrolling interests (26,951 ) 5,849   (88,133 ) (6,429 )
NAREIT FFO attributable to AMT common stockholders $ 557,064   $ 529,500   $ 2,188,493   $ 1,733,182  
Straight-line revenue (29,771 ) (46,782 ) (131,660 ) (154,959 )
Straight-line expense 17,637 16,918 67,764 56,076
Stock-based compensation expense 19,686 18,286 89,898 90,537
Deferred portion of income tax 36,457 (935 ) 59,260 897
GTP REIT One-time charge(1) 93,044
Non-real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion 42,877 41,290 166,708 156,988

Amortization of deferred financing costs, capitalized interest and debt

discounts and premiums and long-term deferred interest charges

5,715 6,383 23,139 22,575
Other expense(2) 21,896 11,669 47,790 134,960
(Gain) loss on retirement of long-term obligations (338 ) 813 (1,168 ) 79,606
Other operating expense(3) 3,128 8,034 18,755 37,269
Capital improvement capital expenditures (39,797 ) (31,032 ) (110,249 ) (89,867 )
Corporate capital expenditures (6,706 ) (6,567 ) (16,438 ) (16,447 )
Adjustments for unconsolidated affiliates and noncontrolling interests 26,951   (5,849 ) 88,133   6,429  
Consolidated AFFO 654,799     541,728   2,490,425   2,150,290  
Adjustments for unconsolidated affiliates and noncontrolling interests(4) (23,827 )   (2,486 ) (90,266 ) (33,982 )
AFFO attributable to AMT common stockholders $ 630,972   $ 539,242   $ 2,400,159   $ 2,116,308  
Divided by weighted average diluted shares outstanding 429,896   427,802   429,283   423,015  
Consolidated AFFO per Share $ 1.52   $ 1.27   $ 5.80   $ 5.08  
AFFO attributable to AMT common stockholders per Share $ 1.47   $ 1.26   $ 5.59   $ 5.00  
_______________
(1)     In the third quarter of 2015, the Company filed a tax election, pursuant to which GTP no longer operates as a separate REIT for federal and state income tax purposes. In connection with this election, the Company incurred a one-time cash tax charge during the third quarter of 2015. As this charge is non-recurring, the Company does not believe it is an indication of operating performance and believes it is more meaningful to present its AFFO metrics excluding its impact. Accordingly, the Company presents Consolidated AFFO, Consolidated AFFO per Share, AFFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders and AFFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders per Share for the twelve months ended December 31, 2015 excluding this charge.
(2) Primarily includes realized and unrealized (gains) losses on foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.
(3) Primarily includes integration and acquisition-related costs.
(4) Includes adjustments for the impact on both NAREIT FFO attributable to American Tower Corporation common stockholders as well as the other line items included in the calculation of Consolidated AFFO.

Contacts

American Tower Corporation
Leah Stearns, 617-375-7500
Senior Vice President, Treasurer and Investor Relations

Contacts

American Tower Corporation
Leah Stearns, 617-375-7500
Senior Vice President, Treasurer and Investor Relations