AUSTIN, Texas--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Fitch Ratings has assigned a 'AAA' rating to the following Judson Independent School District, Texas bonds:
--$65.3 million unlimited tax (ULT) refunding bonds, series 2016A.
The 'AAA' long-term rating on the bonds is based on a guaranty provided by the Texas Permanent School Fund (PSF), whose bond guaranty program is rated 'AAA' by Fitch. (For more information on the Texas PSF see 'Fitch Affirms Texas PSF Rating at 'AAA'; Outlook Stable,' dated Aug. 5, 2015.)
In addition, Fitch has assigned an underlying 'AA-' rating to the district's series 2016A ULT bonds and to the $5.2 million ULT school building bonds, series 2016B.
The 2016A and 2016B ULT bonds are scheduled to sell as early as Nov. 30 via negotiation. Proceeds will be used to refund certain outstanding ULT obligations for savings and all of the outstanding lease revenue bonds of Judson ISD Public Property Facilities Corporation, and to pay costs of issuance.
Fitch currently rates Judson ISD's Long-Term Issuer Default Rating (IDR) and its $584.6 million (pre-refunding) in outstanding ULT debt at 'AA-'.
The Rating Outlook is Stable.
The 2016A and 2016B ULT bonds are payable from an unlimited property tax (ad valorem) pledge levied against all taxable property within the district. The series 2016A bonds are also insured as to principal and interest repayment from a guaranty provided by the PSF.
KEY RATING DRIVERS
Underpinning the 'AA-' IDR and unlimited tax (ULT) rating is the district's superior financial resilience, which Fitch believes will be maintained throughout the economic cycle, largely derived from its solid expenditure control. The local economic profile is sound, and further expansion in the district's population and enrollment appears likely. This should yield solid, future revenue gains naturally and maintain the long-term liability burden at an elevated but still moderate level despite future capital needs.
Economic Resource Base
The district serves approximately 130,000 residents and is largely comprised of various small bedroom cities in the northeast portion of the San Antonio-New Braunfels metropolitan statistical area (MSA). Participation of district residents in the MSA's diverse and growing employment base underpins the local economic profile as well as its proximity to several military bases. Recent enrollment trends reflect generally steady, modest annual gains, which has moderated from prior rapid growth years.
Revenue Framework: 'a' factor assessment
District revenues are limited by state law according to the school funding system. The district has little to no ability to independently raise revenues. Fitch believes growth prospects for revenues are solid given locally robust economic trends that should support the likely continuation of current enrollment trends as well as the ability of district property taxes to capture that growth.
Expenditure Framework: 'aa' factor assessment
Enrollment is a key driver of both revenue and expenditure trends, which should keep the pace of spending generally aligned with revenues over time. Sound expenditure flexibility is a result of the district's ability to adjust its labor costs if needed as well as moderate carrying costs that benefit from state support and slow principal amortization.
Long-Term Liability Burden: 'a' factor assessment
The long-term liability burden is moderately elevated. Fitch expects likely growth in the area's long-term liabilities will be balanced against additional economic expansion and remain consistent with an 'a' assessment.
Operating Performance: 'aaa' factor assessment
Limited historical revenue volatility and solid expenditure control provide the district with a high level of demonstrated operating flexibility, allowing for strong reserves to be maintained. Fitch believes the district's operating cushion would be more than adequate for an 'aaa' financial resilience assessment in a moderate economic decline, with the district maintaining a high level of fundamental flexibility throughout the economic cycle.
Financial Flexibility: The rating is sensitive to the district's ability to maintain its high level of operating flexibility in light of a controlled revenue environment (pursuant to the state's funding formula) that remains vulnerable to state funding cuts during economic downturns.
San Antonio is the second largest city in the state and seventh largest in the U.S. Prominent sectors include: military and government, domestic and international trade, convention and tourism, medical and healthcare, and telecommunications. Employment gains remain steady despite the contraction of the energy sector that services the nearby Eagle Ford Shale.
The district's enrollment base totaled approximately 22,000 students in fiscal 2016. Fitch expects enrollment will continue to make steady gains of 1%-2% annually, in line with demographic projections. The district is approximately 70% built-out and the pace of enrollment expansion has moderated from rapid gains realized pre-fiscal 2010.
The property tax base remains moderately concentrated at 15% of TAV in fiscal 2016, which is largely attributable to the presence of various distribution/warehousing businesses along a major transportation corridor (Interstate 35). Taxable assessed valuation (TAV) trends generally reflect increasing gains since the recession. Fitch expects this performance will be sustained given a robust housing market, typically healthy increases in reappraisals, and further residential, retail, and commercial development projects underway or planned. However, while near-term tax base growth prospects remain strong, an analysis of home price and economic trends over time leads Fitch to believe Texas home prices may be above long-term, sustainable levels (for more information, see Fitch's 'U.S. RMBS Sustainable Home Price Report,' dated May 26, 2016).
About 60% of the district's general operating revenues come from state aid. Funding for public schools in Texas is provided by a combination of local (property tax), state and federal resources. The state budgets the majority of instructional activity through the Foundation School Program (FSP), which uses a statutory formula to allocate school aid taking into account each district's property taxes, projected enrollment, and amounts appropriated by the legislature in the biennial budget process. The majority of districts are funded using a target revenue approach, whereby the combination of local and state funding for operations meets a predetermined per pupil amount (which varies from district to district).
Fitch expects revenue gains to be solid (above the rate of inflation but below U.S. GDP), although slightly below historical trends given moderated enrollment gains. Further population and economic expansion should drive these gains.
The district has almost no ability to independently raise its operating revenues. Per state statute, the district cannot increase its operating property tax levy ($1.04 per $100 TAV) further unless it receives voter approval. The district levies a separate, unlimited debt service tax rate of $0.38 per $100 TAV in fiscal 2016.
Third-party funding support for operations stems from the long-standing commitment of the state to fund K-12 education. This revenue stream remains susceptible to changes in local enrollment trends and recessionary pressures on state revenues.
Instruction is the primary purpose of the institution, consuming about 65% of operational spending in fiscal 2015. Modest enrollment gains are anticipated and management reports the district has recently caught up in providing competitive teacher salaries. Therefore, Fitch expects spending pressures will be manageable, which should remain more or less aligned with the expected solid pace of revenue growth over time.
The district has demonstrated its ability to adjust staffing and class sizes in order to control key expenditure items in times of fiscal stress without affecting its educational goals. This is tempered by the district's need to maintain a competitive salary structure in the San Antonio-New Braunfels MSA employment base in order to recruit and retain highly educated professionals. Nonetheless, management's legal control of labor costs and headcount remains strong.
Fixed carrying costs (the combination of total annual debt service, the contractually required annual pension funding amount, and the annual actual spending for other post-employment benefits [OPEB] net of state support) consumed a moderate 11.6% of fiscal 2015 governmental spending. Fitch expects these fixed costs will slowly rise going forward as a result of the district's current and future debt plans as well as anticipated declines in state support for debt service. However, these costs should remain moderate and in line with the 'aa' assessment given low retiree costs that reflect primary state funding of this expense.
Long-Term Liability Burden
Including this issuance, the long-term liability burden is moderately elevated at an estimated 21% of personal income. About 64% of the overall burden is derived from the district's direct debt (roughly $596 million post-refunding) and principal amortization is slow (about 25% retired in 10 years). Near-term district debt plans include re-approaching voters in 2017 for about $52 million in capital needs to complete a new high school. Fitch expects the likely increases in the overall liability burden will be balanced against further population and income gains, remaining consistent with an 'a' assessment.
The new money portion of this issuance completes the district's outstanding $214 million ULTGO bond authorization, recently approved by voters. The debt service tax rate increase of $0.05 per $100 TAV in fiscal 2017 to support the new debt preserves moderate flexibility below the state-imposed $0.50 per $100 TAV cap for new money issuance.
The district participates in the Texas Teachers Retirement System (TRS), a cost-sharing, multiple-employer plan for which the state provides the bulk of the employer's (the district) annual pension contribution. Recent reforms have lowered benefits and increased statutory contributions in order to improve plan sustainability over time.
Under GASB 67 and 68, the district reports its share of the TRS net pension liability (NPL) at just $25.4 million, with fiduciary assets covering 83.3% of total pension liabilities at the plan's 8% investment rate assumption (approximately 75% based on a more conservative 7% investment rate assumption, for a liability of $42 million). The NPL adjusted for a 7% interest rate assumption remains small at less than 1% of personal income. The district also provides OPEB through the state-run, post-employment benefit healthcare plan.
Participants' required pension contributions are based on a statutory formula that consistently falls short of the actuarially-determined amount. Fitch therefore expects there will be modest growth in the NPL even if investment returns meet assumed rates, although not outside of expectations for the 'a' assessment given how small the pension liability is relative to overall debt. Like all Texas school districts, Judson ISD is vulnerable to future policy changes that shift more of the contributions and liabilities onto districts, as evidenced by a relatively modest 1.5% of salary contribution requirement effective fiscal 2015.
The financial resilience assessment reflects Fitch's expectation that the district will maintain sufficient reserves and a high level of financial flexibility throughout the economic cycle.
The district periodically draws down a modest portion of its high reserves to proactively fund some of its future capital needs. Most recently, district management chose mid-year to utilize $2 million (1% of budgeted spending) in fiscal 2016 to purchase a future school site.
Unrestricted general fund reserves totaled $45.3 million or 24.4% of spending in fiscal 2015, comfortably above the district's adopted policy requiring reserves at no less than two months or roughly 17% of general fund spending. Fiscal 2016 revenue and expenditure trends are currently expected to better budget, inclusive of the year's planned, pay-go capital spending for buses that was delayed. A very healthy operating surplus ($6.4 million or 3.5% of spending) should boost unrestricted reserves to $51.7 million or about 28% of spending at fiscal 2016 year-end according to management.
The adopted fiscal 2017 budget includes a $4.1 million (2% of spending) drawdown on reserves, largely due to the initial, increased costs associated with the opening of a new high school. Management estimates a slightly greater use of reserves to date with unrestricted reserves at $46 million by year-end. Fitch believes these budgeted results are likely to improve over the fiscal year given the district's historical trend of budget outperformance and conservative assumptions.
Date of Relevant Rating Committee: Aug. 17, 2016
Additional information is available at 'www.fitchratings.com'.
In addition to the sources of information identified in Fitch's applicable criteria specified below, this action was informed by information from Lumesis and InvestorTools.
U.S. Tax-Supported Rating Criteria (pub. 18 Apr 2016)
Copyright © 2016 by Fitch Ratings, Inc., Fitch Ratings Ltd. and its subsidiaries. 33 Whitehall Street, NY, NY 10004. Telephone: 1-800-753-4824, (212) 908-0500. Fax: (212) 480-4435. Reproduction or retransmission in whole or in part is prohibited except by permission. All rights reserved. In issuing and maintaining its ratings and in making other reports (including forecast information), Fitch relies on factual information it receives from issuers and underwriters and from other sources Fitch believes to be credible. Fitch conducts a reasonable investigation of the factual information relied upon by it in accordance with its ratings methodology, and obtains reasonable verification of that information from independent sources, to the extent such sources are available for a given security or in a given jurisdiction. The manner of Fitch's factual investigation and the scope of the third-party verification it obtains will vary depending on the nature of the rated security and its issuer, the requirements and practices in the jurisdiction in which the rated security is offered and sold and/or the issuer is located, the availability and nature of relevant public information, access to the management of the issuer and its advisers, the availability of pre-existing third-party verifications such as audit reports, agreed-upon procedures letters, appraisals, actuarial reports, engineering reports, legal opinions and other reports provided by third parties, the availability of independent and competent third- party verification sources with respect to the particular security or in the particular jurisdiction of the issuer, and a variety of other factors. Users of Fitch's ratings and reports should understand that neither an enhanced factual investigation nor any third-party verification can ensure that all of the information Fitch relies on in connection with a rating or a report will be accurate and complete. Ultimately, the issuer and its advisers are responsible for the accuracy of the information they provide to Fitch and to the market in offering documents and other reports. In issuing its ratings and its reports, Fitch must rely on the work of experts, including independent auditors with respect to financial statements and attorneys with respect to legal and tax matters. Further, ratings and forecasts of financial and other information are inherently forward-looking and embody assumptions and predictions about future events that by their nature cannot be verified as facts. As a result, despite any verification of current facts, ratings and forecasts can be affected by future events or conditions that were not anticipated at the time a rating or forecast was issued or affirmed.
The information in this report is provided "as is" without any representation or warranty of any kind, and Fitch does not represent or warrant that the report or any of its contents will meet any of the requirements of a recipient of the report. A Fitch rating is an opinion as to the creditworthiness of a security. This opinion and reports made by Fitch are based on established criteria and methodologies that Fitch is continuously evaluating and updating. Therefore, ratings and reports are the collective work product of Fitch and no individual, or group of individuals, is solely responsible for a rating or a report. The rating does not address the risk of loss due to risks other than credit risk, unless such risk is specifically mentioned. Fitch is not engaged in the offer or sale of any security. All Fitch reports have shared authorship. Individuals identified in a Fitch report were involved in, but are not solely responsible for, the opinions stated therein. The individuals are named for contact purposes only. A report providing a Fitch rating is neither a prospectus nor a substitute for the information assembled, verified and presented to investors by the issuer and its agents in connection with the sale of the securities. Ratings may be changed or withdrawn at any time for any reason in the sole discretion of Fitch. Fitch does not provide investment advice of any sort. Ratings are not a recommendation to buy, sell, or hold any security. Ratings do not comment on the adequacy of market price, the suitability of any security for a particular investor, or the tax-exempt nature or taxability of payments made in respect to any security. Fitch receives fees from issuers, insurers, guarantors, other obligors, and underwriters for rating securities. Such fees generally vary from US$1,000 to US$750,000 (or the applicable currency equivalent) per issue. In certain cases, Fitch will rate all or a number of issues issued by a particular issuer, or insured or guaranteed by a particular insurer or guarantor, for a single annual fee. Such fees are expected to vary from US$10,000 to US$1,500,000 (or the applicable currency equivalent). The assignment, publication, or dissemination of a rating by Fitch shall not constitute a consent by Fitch to use its name as an expert in connection with any registration statement filed under the United States securities laws, the Financial Services and Markets Act of 2000 of the United Kingdom, or the securities laws of any particular jurisdiction. Due to the relative efficiency of electronic publishing and distribution, Fitch research may be available to electronic subscribers up to three days earlier than to print subscribers.
For Australia, New Zealand, Taiwan and South Korea only: Fitch Australia Pty Ltd holds an Australian financial services license (AFS license no. 337123) which authorizes it to provide credit ratings to wholesale clients only. Credit ratings information published by Fitch is not intended to be used by persons who are retail clients within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001.