Fitch Assigns 'BBB-/RR1' Rating to Dell International's Term Loan B

CHICAGO--()--Fitch Ratings has assigned a 'BBB-/RR1' rating to Dell International LLC's (Dell International) senior secured first lien term loan B. The company will use net borrowings to fund a portion of Dell Inc.'s (Dell) acquisition of EMC Corp. (EMC), which will be a co-borrower on the term loan B.

Dell and Dell International's current 'BB' Issuer Default Rating and related specific issue-level ratings remain on Rating Watch Positive. Fitch placed Dell and Dell International's ratings on Rating Watch Positive following the announcement that Dell will acquire EMC for a total consideration of $67 billion.

For clarification, the senior secured first lien term loan B is not on Rating Watch Positive. Similarly, senior secured notes issued last week by Diamond 1 Finance Corp. and Diamond 2 Finance Corp., financing corporations created as an intermediate-step that will be merged into Dell International and EMC, respectively, upon consummation of the acquisition of EMC, are not on Rating Watch Positive. A full list of rating actions follows at the end of this release.

Resolution of the Positive Rating Watch will be triggered upon the successful closing of the EMC acquisition and will be predicated on Fitch's view of Dell's pro forma capital structure, the reasonableness of the company's debt reduction plan and related potential asset sales and execution risks surrounding the realization of anticipated cost synergies.

KEY RATING DRIVERS

The ratings and Outlook reflect Fitch's expectations for:

--Significant Post-Merger Debt Reduction: Fitch expects Dell will use $4 billion to $5 billion of combined annual free cash flow (FCF) and net proceeds from the recently announced approximately $3.1 billion sale of Dell Services to NTT Data Corp. for debt reduction. Dell announced the definitive agreement on March 28, 2016 and expects the deal to close in the current fiscal year, pending customary regulatory approvals. Fitch expects any incremental asset divestitures would accelerate debt reduction.

--Weak Credit Protection Measures: Fitch expects credit protection measures will remain weak through at least fiscal 2018. Fitch estimates Dell will close the EMC acquisition with core leverage (which excludes debt and operating EBITDA associated with the financing unit) of roughly 6x. Nonetheless, Fitch believes debt reduction from asset divestitures, growing FCF from profit margin expansion and more efficient working capital management can drive core leverage approaching 3x in fiscal 2019.

--Increased Scale and Diversification: Fitch believes the addition of EMC increases Dell's scale and diversification, including share leadership in rapidly growing emerging storage markets, as well as strong positions in high-value and mid-range legacy products. The addition of EMC increases Dell's annual revenue by 50% to roughly $75 billion and more than doubles Dell's operating EBITDA to nearly $8.5 billion (before acquisition related synergies) from a Fitch estimated $3.2 billion for fiscal year ended Jan. 29, 2016.

--Still-Meaningful PC Exposure: Despite a more diversified post-combination sales mix, Dell will remain meaningfully exposed to the PC market, which remains in secular decline. Dell's PC exposure, which is embedded in the Client Solutions Group (CSG) segment, will decrease to roughly half of sales (excluding VMware and Dell Services) from more than two-thirds, and to less than 40% of segment operating income from well over half as the result of the EMC acquisition. Fitch believes the PC market could begin stabilizing over the intermediate term benefiting from an aging installed base and processor refreshes but shipments will decline by a mid-single-digit rate in calendar 2016 and low-single-digit rate in calendar 2017. Meanwhile, Fitch expects Dell, along with the other three top PC vendors, will continue consolidating share from smaller players.

--Stable Enterprise Performance: Fitch expects operating performance for Dell's Enterprise Services Group (ESG), which sells x86 servers and networking gear to enterprise customers, will remain stable, despite the significant majority of market growth coming from hyperscale providers buying from original design manufacturers (ODM). While hyperscale could represent more than 40% of the server shipment market over the intermediate term, Fitch expects low-single-digit growth for the rest of the market, including enterprise and tier 2 cloud providers, which typically require higher service and support. Increasing attach rates should also bolster operating results.

--Credible Profit Expansion Roadmap: Fitch expects operating EBITDA growth and margin expansion from Dell's $2 billion of acquisition-related annual cost synergies, which are incremental to Dell's $550 million and EMC's $800 million of standalone annual cost take-down programs currently being executed. Dell anticipates achieving acquisition synergies on a run-rate basis in fiscal 2018. In addition to customary eliminations of overlapping fixed costs, Fitch expects Dell's increased purchasing scale and more efficient supply chain will drive costs savings. Fitch expects operating EBITDA approaching $12 billion in fiscal 2018 and ranging from $12 billion to $14 billion over the intermediate term with operating EBITDA margins expanding to the mid-teens from low-teens over the same timeframe.

--Emerging Storage Leadership: Fitch expects EMC's leadership in emerging storage solutions to strengthen operating results. EMC's strong share positions in emerging storage solutions (all flash arrays, converged and scale-out NAS and object) to grow at varying rates at well over double-digits and offset negative 10% growth in legacy storage products, in which Dell and EMC combined also have strong share. Gross profit margin should remain pressured by this transition, although Fitch expects standalone cost reductions and acquisition-related cost synergies will stabilize operating profitability in the Information Storage segment over the intermediate term.

--Support from VMware: Fitch includes operating results representing EMC's proportional share of VMware, the leading virtual storage-maker in which EMC has an 81% equity ownership stake. Fitch expects Dell will continue consolidating VMware's operating results, including more than $6.6 billion of revenues and $2 billion of Fitch estimated operating EBITDA for 2015. Fitch expects mid- to high-single-digit top-line growth for VMware through the intermediate term and stable profit margins from ongoing cost realignments. Fitch considers VMware an important element of Dell's technology portfolio and in achieving potential revenue synergies. As a result, Fitch does not anticipate VMware paying dividends (aside from the expectation Dell will roll over $1.5 billion of inter-company notes benefitting EMC) or directly supporting debt at Dell.

--Upon consummation of Dell's acquisition of EMC, the new secured notes and guarantees will be secured on a pari passu basis with the senior secured credit facilities, on a first-priority basis by all the tangible and intangible assets of the issuers and guarantors that secure obligations under the senior secured credit facilities, including pledges of all capital stock of the issuers, of Dell and certain wholly-owned material subsidiaries of the issuers and guarantors (limited to 65% of the voting stock of any foreign subsidiary). The collateral will not include a pledge of certain assets or equity interests of certain subsidiaries, including VMware.

--Upon consummation of Dell's acquisition of EMC, the new secured notes will be fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Denali Holding Inc., Denali Intermediate Inc., Dell, and certain of Denali Intermediate Inc.'s existing and future direct or indirect wholly-owned domestic subsidiaries that guarantee obligations under the senior secured credit facilities. Guarantees will be released upon the occurrence of certain events, including asset sales or an investment grade event.

KEY ASSUMPTIONS

--Low-single-digit organic revenue growth through the forecast period following the combination, driven by emerging storage, enterprise servers and stabilizing PC market.

--Dell and EMC achieve standalone cost reductions in fiscal 2017 and integration-related cost synergies in fiscal 2018, resulting in operating EBITDA approaching $12 billion in fiscal 2018.

--Dell closes the Dell Services sale in fiscal 2017 and applies net proceeds from the transaction, as well as net proceeds from incremental asset sales, to debt reduction.

--Dell uses $4 billion to $5 billon of annual FCF to reduce debt, resulting in core leverage approaching 3x in fiscal 2019.

RATING SENSITIVITIES

The following could result in positive rating actions:

Fitch expects to resolve the Positive Rating Watch and upgrade the Long-Term Issuer Default Rating (IDR) to 'BB+' if:

--Dell clears remaining hurdles to the EMC acquisition, including approvals by the SEC, MOFCOM and EMC's shareholders;

--Fitch believes Dell is on track to close the acquisition of EMC as currently contemplated, including our expectations for positive long-term organic revenue growth and remaining on track to reduce debt with net proceeds from the Dell Services sale.

Negative rating actions could occur if Fitch expects:

--Pre-dividend FCF margin remains below 2% for a sustained period;

--Core leverage exceeds 3.5x for a sustained period from significant revenue declines.

LIQUIDITY

Upon consummation of the acquisition, Fitch expects Dell's liquidity will be solid and supported by:

--$9.2 billion of cash and cash equivalents;

--$3 billion senior secured revolving credit facility (RCF), of which $1.9 billion will be drawn at closing.

Fitch's expectations for $4 billion to $5 billion of annual FCF also will support liquidity.

Fitch expects core debt at closing (before use of any net proceeds from asset divestitures) will be approximately $51 billion with an additional $4.5 billion of debt to support Dell's financing business based on a debt-to-equity ratio of 7:1 of financing assets.

FULL LIST OF CURRENT RATINGS

Fitch rates Dell International LLC's senior secured first lien term loan B 'BBB-/RR1'.

Fitch affirms Diamond 1 Finance Corporation and Diamond 2 Finance Corporation (co-issuers) senior secured first lien notes at 'BBB-/RR1'.

Fitch also maintains the Positive Rating Watch on Dell's and Dell International's existing ratings as follows:

Dell Inc.

--Long-term Issuer Default Rating (IDR) 'BB';

--Senior unsecured debt 'BB/RR4'.

Dell International LLC

--Long-term IDR 'BB';

--Existing senior secured first lien ABL facility 'BBB-/RR1';

--Existing senior secured first lien term loans 'BBB-/RR1';

--Existing senior secured notes 'BBB-/RR1'.

Summary of Financial Statement Adjustments - Financial statement adjustments that depart materially from those contained in the published financial statements of the relevant rated entity or obligor are disclosed below:

--To assess the credit risk of Dell's core business and to determine core leverage, Fitch excludes the EBITDA contribution and debt associated with Dell's financial services segment. Fitch uses a 7:1 gearing ratio in determining the debt to be allocated to Dell's financial services segment

Relevant Committee date: May 5, 2016

Additional information is available on www.fitchratings.com.

Applicable Criteria

Corporate Rating Methodology - Including Short-Term Ratings and Parent and Subsidiary Linkage (pub. 17 Aug 2015)

https://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=869362

Additional Disclosures

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https://www.fitchratings.com/gws/en/disclosure/solicitation?pr_id=1005124

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Contacts

Fitch Ratings
Primary Analyst
Jason Pompeii
Senior Director
+1-312-368-3210
Fitch Ratings, Inc.
70 West Madison Street
Chicago, IL 60602
or
Secondary Analyst
David Peterson
Senior Director
+1-312-368-3177
or
Committee Chairperson
Monica Bonar
Senior Director
+1-212-908-0579
or
Media Relations
Alyssa Castelli
+1-212-908-0540
New York
alyssa.castelli@fitchratings.com

Contacts

Fitch Ratings
Primary Analyst
Jason Pompeii
Senior Director
+1-312-368-3210
Fitch Ratings, Inc.
70 West Madison Street
Chicago, IL 60602
or
Secondary Analyst
David Peterson
Senior Director
+1-312-368-3177
or
Committee Chairperson
Monica Bonar
Senior Director
+1-212-908-0579
or
Media Relations
Alyssa Castelli
+1-212-908-0540
New York
alyssa.castelli@fitchratings.com