Travelers Reports Record Fourth Quarter and Full Year Net and Operating Income per Diluted Share

Quarterly Net and Operating Income per Diluted Share of $3.11 and $3.07, Both up 15% from Prior Year Quarter, Generated Return on Equity of 16.6% and Operating Return on Equity of 17.7%

Full Year Net and Operating Income per Diluted Share of $10.70 and $10.55, up 10% and 12%, Respectively, from Prior Year, Generated Return on Equity of 14.6% and Operating Return on Equity of 15.5%

  • Net income and operating income of $1.038 billion and $1.023 billion increased 5% and 4%, respectively, from prior year quarter.
  • Net written premiums of $5.836 billion increased 4% from prior year quarter primarily due to growth in domestic business insurance and the acquisition of Dominion of Canada in November 2013.
  • Total capital returned to shareholders of $1.183 billion in the quarter, including $1.001 billion in share repurchases. Full year total capital returned to shareholders of $4.068 billion.
  • Increases in book value per share of 10% to $77.08 and adjusted book value per share of 7% to $70.98 from year-end 2013.
  • Board of Directors approves quarterly dividend per share of $0.55.

NEW YORK--()--The Travelers Companies, Inc. today reported net income of $1.038 billion, or $3.11 per diluted share, for the quarter ended December 31, 2014, compared to net income of $988 million, or $2.70 per diluted share, in the prior year quarter. Operating income in the current quarter was $1.023 billion, or $3.07 per diluted share, compared to $981 million, or $2.68 per diluted share, in the prior year quarter. The increase in net and operating income primarily resulted from higher net favorable prior year reserve development and higher underlying underwriting gain (i.e., excluding net favorable prior year reserve development and catastrophe losses), partially offset by lower net investment income and an increase in other expense. Per diluted share amounts also benefited from the impact of share repurchases.

             

Consolidated Highlights

 

($ in millions, except for per share amounts,
and after-tax, except for premiums & revenues)

Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
2014 2013 Change 2014 2013 Change
 
Net written premiums $ 5,836 $ 5,633 4 % $ 23,904 $ 22,767 5 %
 
Total revenues $ 6,783 $ 6,737 1 $ 27,162 $ 26,191 4
 
Operating income $ 1,023 $ 981 4 $ 3,641 $ 3,567 2
per diluted share $ 3.07 $ 2.68

15

$

10.55

$

9.46

12
 
Net income $ 1,038 $ 988 5 $ 3,692 $ 3,673 1
per diluted share $ 3.11 $ 2.70 15

$

10.70

$

9.74

10
 

Diluted weighted average
shares outstanding

331.0 363.4 (9 ) 342.5 374.3 (8 )
 
Combined ratio 85.0 % 87.7 %

(2.7) pts

89.0 % 89.8 %

(0.8) pts

Underlying combined ratio 90.2 % 91.2 %

(1.0) pts

89.9 % 90.9 %

(1.0) pts

 
Operating return on equity 17.7 % 16.8 %

0.9 pts

15.5 % 15.5 %

- pts

Return on equity 16.6 % 15.9 %

0.7 pts

14.6 % 14.6 %

- pts

 
As of December 31,
2014 2013 Change
Book value per share $ 77.08 $ 70.15 10 %
Adjusted book value per share 70.98 66.41 7
 

See Glossary of Financial Measures for definitions and the statistical supplement for additional financial data.

 

“Fourth quarter net income of $1.038 billion provided a strong finish to an excellent year financially, strategically, and operationally,” commented Jay Fishman, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. “We achieved record levels of net income per diluted share for both the quarter and the full year of $3.11 and $10.70, respectively, benefitting from strong underwriting and investment results, as well as our ongoing strategy of returning excess capital to shareholders. For the full year, we achieved a return on equity of 14.6% and operating return on equity of 15.5%, bringing our average annual return on equity to 12.5% and average annual operating return on equity to 13.3% for the past decade.

“For the full year, all our business segments performed very well. Business and International Insurance profitability was very strong, with a combined ratio of 93.1% and operating income of over $2.3 billion. We remain very pleased with, and intend to continue, our proactive, account by account, class by class pricing strategy. Bond & Specialty Insurance had exceptional performance in 2014, with record operating income of $727 million. These results are a continuation of the superior, long-term performance this business has achieved while successfully navigating a very challenging and rapidly evolving economic environment. Results in Personal Insurance were strong, and we are especially pleased with the marketplace success of Quantum 2.0. We achieved net written premium growth in Auto in the second half of the year, as well as sequential increases in policies in force beginning in the third quarter. Importantly, loss indications for Quantum 2.0, while still preliminary, look to be in line with our expectations.

“We remain optimistic that we will continue to achieve superior returns over time across our business segments, and that, combined with our active capital management strategy, positions us to continue to deliver meaningful shareholder value.”

Consolidated Results

 
($ in millions and pre-tax, unless noted otherwise)
 
        Three Months Ended December 31,   Twelve Months Ended December 31,
2014   2013   Change 2014   2013   Change
 
Underwriting gain: $ 866 $ 689 $ 177 $ 2,478 $ 2,167 $ 311

Underwriting gain includes:

Net favorable prior year reserve development 351 259 92 941 840 101
Catastrophes, net of reinsurance (41 ) (53 ) 12 (709 ) (591 ) (118 )
 
Net investment income 637 702 (65 ) 2,787 2,716 71
 
Other income/(expense), including interest expense   (65 )   (31 )   (34 )   (255 )   (104 )   (151 )
 
Operating income before income taxes 1,438 1,360 78 5,010 4,779 231
Income tax expense   415     379     36     1,369     1,212     157  
Operating income 1,023 981 42 3,641 3,567 74
Net realized investment gains after income taxes   15     7     8     51     106     (55 )
Net Income $ 1,038   $ 988   $ 50   $ 3,692   $ 3,673   $ 19  
                               
 
Combined ratio 85.0 % 87.7 % (2.7)pts 89.0 % 89.8 % (0.8)pts
 
Impact on combined ratio
Net favorable prior year reserve development (5.9)pts (4.4)pts (1.5)pts (3.9)pts (3.7)pts (0.2)pts
Catastrophes, net of reinsurance 0.7pts 0.9pts (0.2)pts 3.0pts 2.6pts 0.4pts
 
Underlying combined ratio 90.2 % 91.2 % (1.0)pts 89.9 % 90.9 % (1.0)pts
                               
 

Net written premiums

Business and International Insurance $ 3,575 $ 3,365 6 % $ 14,636 $ 13,512 8 %
Bond & Specialty Insurance 525 551 (5 ) 2,103 2,030 4
Personal Insurance   1,736     1,717   1   7,165     7,225   (1 )
Total $ 5,836   $ 5,633   4 % $ 23,904   $ 22,767   5 %
 

Fourth Quarter 2014 Results

(All comparisons vs. fourth quarter 2013, unless noted otherwise)

Net income of $1.038 billion after-tax increased $50 million, or 5%, primarily due to an increase in operating income. Operating income of $1.023 billion after-tax increased $42 million, or 4%, driven by a higher underwriting gain, partially offset by lower net investment income and an increase in other expense.

Underwriting results

  • The combined ratio improved 2.7 points to 85.0% due to higher net favorable prior year reserve development (1.5 points), an improved underlying combined ratio (1.0 point), and lower catastrophe losses (0.2 points).
  • The underlying combined ratio improved 1.0 point to 90.2% due to the benefits of earned pricing that exceeded loss cost trends.
  • Net favorable prior year reserve development occurred in all segments. Catastrophe losses were primarily due to a wind and hail storm in the Midwest region of the United States, as well as increases in estimated losses related to certain wind and hail storms that occurred in the second quarter.

Net investment income of $637 million pre-tax ($513 million after-tax) decreased due to lower reinvestment rates in the fixed income portfolio and lower returns in the non-fixed income portfolio. Other expense of $65 million pre-tax increased primarily due to the benefit of several items that occurred in the prior year quarter.

Net written premiums of $5.836 billion increased 4% primarily driven by growth in domestic business insurance and the inclusion of Dominion.

Full Year 2014 Results

(All comparisons vs. full year 2013, unless noted otherwise)

Net income of $3.692 billion after-tax increased $19 million, or 1%, as an increase in operating income was mostly offset by a reduction in net realized investment gains. Prior year net realized investment gains included a significant gain related to a short position in U.S. Treasury futures contracts. Operating income of $3.641 billion after-tax increased $74 million, or 2%, primarily driven by a higher underwriting gain and higher net investment income, partially offset by an increase in other expense. Operating income in the prior year included the benefits of a favorable legal settlement of $91 million pre-tax ($59 million after-tax) and a favorable tax settlement of $63 million. Operating income in the current year included a $76 million pre-tax ($49 million after-tax) benefit recorded in the first quarter resulting from a reduction in the estimated liability for state assessments to be paid by the company related to workers’ compensation premiums.

Underwriting results

  • The combined ratio improved 0.8 points to 89.0% due to an improved underlying combined ratio (1.0 points) and higher net favorable prior year reserve development (0.2 points), partially offset by higher catastrophe losses (0.4 points).
  • The underlying combined ratio improved 1.0 point to 89.9% primarily due to the benefits of earned pricing that exceeded loss cost trends and the above mentioned reduction in the estimated liability for state assessments.
  • Net favorable prior year reserve development occurred in all segments. Catastrophe losses were primarily due to wind, hail and winter storms in several regions in the United States.

Net investment income of $2.787 billion pre-tax ($2.216 billion after-tax) increased primarily due to strong private equity performance and higher real estate partnership returns, partially offset by lower reinvestment rates in the fixed income portfolio. Other expense of $255 million pre-tax increased primarily due to the inclusion in the prior year of the above mentioned favorable legal settlement, a gain from the sale of renewal rights related to the company’s National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and the benefit of several items that occurred in the prior year quarter.

Net written premiums of $23.904 billion increased 5% primarily due to the inclusion of Dominion and growth in domestic business insurance.

Shareholders’ Equity

Shareholders’ equity of $24.836 billion decreased 2% from the end of third quarter 2014 and was comparable to year-end 2013. Included in shareholders’ equity were after-tax net unrealized investment gains of $1.966 billion, compared to $1.914 billion at the end of third quarter 2014 and $1.322 billion at year-end 2013. Book value per share of $77.08 increased 1% from the end of third quarter 2014 and increased 10% from year-end 2013, while adjusted book value per share of $70.98 was up slightly from the end of third quarter 2014 and increased 7% from year-end 2013.

The company repurchased 9.7 million shares during the fourth quarter and 35.8 million shares year-to-date at a total cost of $1.001 billion and $3.333 billion, respectively. The company has $1.484 billion of remaining capacity under its existing share repurchase authorization. At the end of fourth quarter 2014, statutory capital and surplus was $21.049 billion and the ratio of debt-to-capital (excluding after-tax net unrealized investment gains) was 21.7%, well within the company’s target range of 15% to 25%.

The Board of Directors today declared a quarterly dividend of $0.55 per share. This dividend is payable on March 31, 2015 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on March 10, 2015.

Business and International Insurance Segment Financial Results

 
($ in millions and pre-tax, unless noted otherwise)
 
    Three Months Ended December 31,     Twelve Months Ended December 31,
2014   2013   Change 2014   2013   Change
 
Underwriting gain: $ 359 $ 290 $ 69 $ 943 $ 915 $ 28
Underwriting gain includes:
Net favorable prior year reserve development 159 122 37 322 399 (77 )
Catastrophes, net of reinsurance (11 ) (50 ) 39 (367 ) (333 ) (34 )
 
Net investment income 490 543 (53 ) 2,156 2,087 69
 
Other income/(expense) 14 25 (11 ) 46 160 (114 )
           
Operating income before income taxes 863 858 5 3,145 3,162 (17 )
Income tax expense   233     227     6     798     758     40  
Operating income $ 630   $ 631   $ (1 ) $ 2,347   $ 2,404   $ (57 )
                           
 
Combined ratio 89.8 % 91.5 % (1.7)pts 93.1 % 92.8 % 0.3pts
 
Impact on combined ratio
Net favorable prior year reserve development

(4.3) pts

(3.4) pts

(0.9) pts

(2.2) pts

(3.0) pts

0.8 pts

Catastrophes, net of reinsurance

0.2 pts

1.4 pts

(1.2) pts

2.5 pts

2.5 pts

0.0 pts

 
Underlying combined ratio 93.9 % 93.5 %

0.4 pts

92.8 % 93.3 %

(0.5) pts

                           
 
Net written premiums by market
Domestic
Select Accounts $ 630 $ 637 (1 )% $ 2,707 $ 2,724 (1 )%
Middle Market 1,511 1,373 10 6,108 5,862 4
National Accounts 255 255 - 1,047 1,010 4
First Party 373 354 5 1,579 1,552 2
Specialized Distribution   262     254   3   1,074     1,085   (1 )
Total Domestic 3,031 2,873 5 12,515 12,233 2
International   544     492   11   2,121     1,279   66
Total $ 3,575   $ 3,365   6 % $ 14,636   $ 13,512   8 %
 

Fourth Quarter 2014 Results

(All comparisons vs. fourth quarter 2013, unless noted otherwise)

Operating income of $630 million after-tax approximated the prior year quarter as a higher underwriting gain was offset primarily by lower net investment income.

Underwriting results

  • The combined ratio improved 1.7 points to 89.8% due to lower catastrophe losses (1.2 points) and higher net favorable prior year reserve development (0.9 points), partially offset by a higher underlying combined ratio (0.4 points).
  • The underlying combined ratio increased 0.4 points to 93.9% as the benefit of earned pricing that exceeded loss cost trends was more than offset by normal quarterly variability in loss activity and a modest increase in the expense ratio. The expense ratio in the prior year quarter benefited from a reduction in assessments from certain states.
  • Net favorable prior year reserve development was primarily driven by better than expected loss experience in the general liability product line primarily related to excess coverages for accident years 2008 through 2012, reflecting more favorable legal and judicial environments than what the company previously expected, better than expected loss experience in the workers’ compensation product line across multiple accident years, and better than expected loss experience in the commercial auto product line for accident years 2011 and 2012.

Net written premiums of $3.575 billion increased 6% primarily driven by growth in domestic business insurance and the inclusion of Dominion. Domestic net written premiums of $3.031 billion increased 5% driven by continued positive renewal premium changes, increased new business volume and retention that remained strong and improved from recent quarters.

Full Year 2014 Results

(All comparisons vs. full year 2013, unless noted otherwise)

Operating income of $2.347 billion after-tax decreased $57 million, or 2%, as the pre-tax impact of higher net investment income and a higher underwriting gain was more than offset by a decline in other income. Operating income in the prior year included the benefits of a favorable legal settlement of $91 million pre-tax ($59 million after-tax) and a favorable tax settlement of $43 million. Operating income in the current year included a $76 million pre-tax ($49 million after-tax) benefit recorded in the first quarter resulting from a reduction in the estimated liability for state assessments to be paid by the company related to workers’ compensation premiums.

Underwriting results

  • The combined ratio increased 0.3 points to 93.1% as the benefit of an improved underlying combined ratio (0.5 points) was more than offset by lower net favorable prior year reserve development (0.8 points).
  • The underlying combined ratio improved 0.5 points to 92.8% due to the benefits of earned pricing that exceeded loss cost trends and the above mentioned reduction in the estimated liability for state assessments related to workers’ compensation premiums, partially offset by higher non-catastrophe weather-related losses and higher large loss activity.
  • Net favorable prior year reserve development resulted from (i) better than expected loss experience in the general liability product line for accident years 2012 and prior as well as the property product line for accident years 2010 through 2013, (ii) a $162 million pre-tax benefit resulting from better than expected loss experience related to, and the commutation of reinsurance treaties associated with, a workers’ compensation reinsurance pool, partially offset by (iii) a $250 million pre-tax increase to asbestos reserves, (iv) an $87 million pre-tax increase to environmental reserves, (v) a $77 million pre-tax increase to unallocated loss adjusted expense (ULAE) reserves for interest awarded in a court decision received in the third quarter for which the settlement amount had been previously recognized and (vi) higher than expected loss experience related to the liability coverages in the commercial multi-peril product line for accident years 2010 through 2013.

Other income of $46 million pre-tax decreased primarily due to the inclusion in the prior year of the above mentioned favorable legal settlement.

Net written premiums of $14.636 billion increased 8% primarily driven by the inclusion of Dominion and growth in domestic business insurance. Domestic net written premiums of $12.515 billion increased 2% driven by continued positive renewal premium changes and higher retention levels.

 

Bond & Specialty Insurance Segment Financial Results

                             
($ in millions and pre-tax, unless noted otherwise)
 
    Three Months Ended December 31,     Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2014       2013     Change   2014       2013     Change
 
Underwriting gain: $ 260 $ 183 $ 77 $ 804 $ 520 $ 284
Underwriting gain includes:
Net favorable prior year reserve development 180 101 79 450 232 218
Catastrophes, net of reinsurance - (1 ) 1 (6 ) (8 ) 2
 
Net investment income 60 65 (5 ) 252 260 (8 )
 
Other income/(expense)   4     5     (1 )   19     20     (1 )
 
Operating income before income taxes 324 253 71 1,075 800 275
Income tax expense   108     79     29     348     227     121  
Operating income $ 216   $ 174   $ 42   $ 727   $ 573   $ 154  
                             
 
Combined ratio 49.7 % 63.7 %

(14.0) pts

60.8 % 73.4 %

(12.6) pts

 
Impact on combined ratio
Net favorable prior year reserve development

(34.4) pts

(20.1) pts

(14.3) pts

(21.7) pts

(11.7) pts

(10.0) pts

Catastrophes, net of reinsurance

- pts

0.3 pts

(0.3) pts

0.3 pts

0.4 pts

(0.1) pts

 
Underlying combined ratio 84.1 % 83.5 % 0.6pts 82.2 % 84.7 % (2.5)pts
                             
 
Net written premiums
Management Liability $ 336 $ 372 (10 )% $ 1,339 $ 1,304 3 %
Surety   189     179   6   764     726   5
Total $ 525   $ 551   (5 )%

$

2,103

 

$

2,030

  4 %
 

Fourth Quarter 2014 Results

(All comparisons vs. fourth quarter 2013, unless noted otherwise)

Record operating income of $216 million after-tax, an increase of $42 million, or 24%, due to a higher underwriting gain.

Underwriting results

  • The combined ratio improved 14.0 points to 49.7% due to higher net favorable prior year reserve development (14.3 points) and lower catastrophe losses (0.3 points), partially offset by a higher underlying combined ratio (0.6 points).
  • The underlying combined ratio increased 0.6 points and remained strong at 84.1%.
  • Net favorable prior year reserve development primarily resulted from better than expected loss experience in the contract surety product line for accident years 2012 and prior.

Bond & Specialty Insurance net written premiums of $525 million decreased 5% primarily due to the inclusion of a benefit in the prior year period from a change in a reinsurance program.

Full Year 2014 Results

(All comparisons vs. full year 2013, unless noted otherwise)

Record operating income of $727 million after-tax, an increase of $154 million, or 27%, due to a higher underwriting gain. Prior year operating income included a $15 million benefit from a favorable tax settlement.

Underwriting results

  • The combined ratio improved 12.6 points to 60.8% due to higher net favorable prior year reserve development (10.0 points), an improved underlying combined ratio (2.5 points) and lower catastrophe losses (0.1 points).
  • The underlying combined ratio improved 2.5 points to 82.2% primarily driven by lower reinsurance costs.
  • Net favorable prior year reserve development was primarily driven by the same factors discussed above for the fourth quarter.

Bond & Specialty Insurance net written premiums of $2.103 billion increased 4% as a result of lower reinsurance costs and higher business volume in Surety.

Personal Insurance Segment Financial Results

 
($ in millions and pre-tax, unless noted otherwise)
 
    Three Months Ended December 31,     Twelve Months Ended December 31,
2014   2013   Change 2014   2013   Change
 
Underwriting gain: $ 247 $ 216 $ 31 $ 731 $ 732 $ (1 )
Underwriting gain includes:
Net favorable prior year reserve development 12 36 (24 ) 169 209 (40 )
Catastrophes, net of reinsurance (30 ) (2 ) (28 ) (336 ) (250 ) (86 )
 
Net investment income 87 94 (7 ) 379 369 10
 
Other income/(expense)   18     36     (18 )   80     103     (23 )
 
Operating income before income taxes 352 346 6 1,190 1,204 (14 )
Income tax expense   110     109     1     366     366     -  
Operating income $ 242   $ 237   $ 5   $ 824   $ 838   $ (14 )
                             
 
Combined ratio 85.3 % 86.9 %

(1.6) pts

88.7 % 88.9 %

(0.2) pts

 
Impact on combined ratio
Net favorable prior year reserve development

(0.7) pts

(2.0) pts

1.3 pts

(2.4) pts

(2.8) pts

0.4 pts

Catastrophes, net of reinsurance

1.7 pts

0.1 pts

1.6 pts

4.7 pts

3.4 pts

1.3 pts

 
Underlying combined ratio 84.3 % 88.8 %

(4.5) pts

86.4 % 88.3 %

(1.9) pts

                             
 
Net written premiums
Agency Automobile1 $ 792 $ 765 4 % $ 3,260 $ 3,258 - %
Agency Homeowners & Other1 897 913 (2 ) 3,718 3,805 (2 )
Direct to Consumer   47     39   21   187     162   15
Total $ 1,736   $ 1,717   1 %

$

7,165

 

$

7,225

  (1 )%
 
1 Represents business sold through agents, brokers and other intermediaries, and excludes direct to consumer.

Fourth Quarter 2014 Results

(All comparisons vs. fourth quarter 2013, unless noted otherwise)

Operating income of $242 million after-tax increased $5 million, or 2%, as a higher underwriting gain was partially offset by a decline in other income and lower net investment income.

Underwriting results

  • The combined ratio improved 1.6 points to 85.3% due to an improved underlying combined ratio (4.5 points), partially offset by higher catastrophe losses (1.6 points) and lower net favorable prior year reserve development (1.3 points).
  • The underlying combined ratio improved 4.5 points to 84.3% primarily due to normal quarterly variability in loss activity, the benefits of earned pricing that exceeded loss cost trends, and the company’s previously announced expense reduction initiatives, partially offset by the impact of higher new business volume.
  • Net favorable prior year reserve development was primarily driven by better than expected loss experience in the Homeowners and Other line of business for weather-related losses, both catastrophe and non-catastrophe, primarily for accident years 2012 and 2013.

Other income of $18 million pre-tax decreased primarily due to a benefit that occurred in the prior year quarter.

Personal Insurance net written premiums of $1.736 billion increased 1% due to increased new business volume from the company’s new auto product, Quantum 2.0.

Full Year 2014 Results

(All comparisons vs. full year 2013, unless noted otherwise)

Operating income of $824 million after-tax decreased $14 million, or 2%, as higher net investment income was more than offset by a decline in other income. Prior year operating income included a $5 million benefit from a favorable tax settlement.

Underwriting results

  • The combined ratio improved 0.2 points to 88.7% due to an improved underlying combined ratio (1.9 points), partially offset by higher catastrophe losses (1.3 points) and lower net favorable prior year reserve development (0.4 points).
  • The underlying combined ratio improved 1.9 points to 86.4% due to the benefits of earned pricing that exceeded loss cost trends and the company’s previously announced expense reduction initiatives, partially offset by the impact of higher new business volume.
  • Net favorable prior year reserve development was primarily driven by the same factors discussed above for the fourth quarter, as well as better than expected loss experience in Homeowners and Other for catastrophe losses in accident year 2011.

Other income of $80 million pre-tax decreased primarily due to the inclusion in the prior year of a gain from the sale of renewal rights related to the company’s National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

Personal Insurance net written premiums of $7.165 billion decreased 1%.

Financial Supplement and Conference Call

The information in this press release should be read in conjunction with a financial supplement that is available on our website at www.travelers.com. Travelers management will discuss the contents of this release and other relevant topics via webcast at 9 a.m. Eastern (8 a.m. Central) on Thursday, January 22, 2015. Investors can access the call via webcast at http://investor.travelers.com or by dialing 1-800-734-8583 within the U.S. and 1-212-231-2936 outside the U.S. (use passcode 14788 for both the U.S. and international calls). Prior to the webcast, a slide presentation pertaining to the quarterly earnings will be available on the company's website.

Following the live event, an audio playback of the webcast and the slide presentation will be available at the same website. An audio playback can also be accessed by phone at 1-800-633-8284 within the U.S. and 1-402-977-9140 outside the U.S. (use reservation 21742615 for both the U.S. and international calls).

About Travelers

The Travelers Companies, Inc. (NYSE: TRV) is a leading provider of property casualty insurance for auto, home and business. The company’s diverse business lines offer its customers a wide range of coverage sold primarily through independent agents and brokers. A component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average, Travelers has approximately 30,000 employees and operations in the United States and selected International markets. For more information, visit www.travelers.com.

From time to time, Travelers may use its website and/or social media outlets, such as Facebook and Twitter, as distribution channels of material company information. Financial and other important information regarding the company is routinely accessible through and posted on our website at http://investor.travelers.com, our Facebook page at https://www.facebook.com/travelers and our Twitter account (@Travelers) at https://twitter.com/Travelers. In addition, you may automatically receive email alerts and other information about Travelers when you enroll your email address by visiting the Email Notifications section at http://investor.travelers.com.

Travelers is organized into the following reportable business segments:

Business and International Insurance: The Business and International Insurance segment offers a broad array of property and casualty insurance and insurance related services to its clients, primarily in the United States, as well as in Canada, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland and throughout other parts of the world as a corporate member of Lloyd’s.

Bond & Specialty Insurance: The Bond & Specialty Insurance segment provides surety, crime, management and professional liability coverages and related risk management services to a wide range of primarily domestic customers, utilizing various degrees of financially-based underwriting approaches.

Personal Insurance: The Personal Insurance segment writes a broad range of property and casualty insurance covering individuals’ personal risks. The primary products of automobile and homeowners insurance are complemented by a broad suite of related coverages.

* * * * *

Forward-Looking Statement

This press release contains, and management may make, certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, may be forward-looking statements. Words such as “may”, “will”, “should”, “likely”, “anticipates”, “expects”, “intends”, “plans”, “projects”, “believes”, “estimates” and similar expressions are used to identify these forward-looking statements. Specifically, statements about the company’s outlook, share repurchase plans, expected margin improvement, potential returns, future pension plan contributions and the potential impact of investment markets and other economic conditions on the company’s investment portfolio and underwriting results, among others, are forward looking, and the company may also make forward-looking statements about, among other things:

  • its results of operations and financial condition (including, among other things, premium volume, premium rates, net and operating income, investment income and performance, loss costs, return on equity, and expected current returns and combined ratios);
  • the sufficiency of the company’s asbestos and other reserves;
  • the impact of emerging claims issues as well as other insurance and non-insurance litigation;
  • the cost and availability of reinsurance coverage;
  • catastrophe losses;
  • the impact of investment, economic and underwriting market conditions; and
  • strategic initiatives, including initiatives, such as in Personal Insurance, to improve profitability and competitiveness.

The company cautions investors that such statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, many of which are difficult to predict and generally beyond the company’s control, that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied or projected by, the forward-looking information and statements.

Some of the factors that could cause actual results to differ include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • catastrophe losses could materially and adversely affect the company’s results of operations, its financial position and/or liquidity, and could adversely impact the company’s ratings, the company’s ability to raise capital and the availability and cost of reinsurance;
  • during or following a period of financial market disruption or economic downturn, the company’s business could be materially and adversely affected;
  • if actual claims exceed the company’s claims and claim adjustment expense reserves, or if changes in the estimated level of claims and claim adjustment expense reserves are necessary, the company’s financial results could be materially and adversely affected;
  • the company’s investment portfolio may suffer reduced returns or material realized or unrealized losses;
  • the company’s business could be harmed because of its potential exposure to asbestos and environmental claims and related litigation;
  • the company is exposed to, and may face adverse developments involving, mass tort claims such as those relating to exposure to potentially harmful products or substances;
  • the effects of emerging claim and coverage issues on the company’s business are uncertain;
  • the intense competition that the company faces could harm its ability to maintain or increase its business volumes and profitability;
  • the company may not be able to collect all amounts due to it from reinsurers and reinsurance coverage may not be available to the company in the future at commercially reasonable rates or at all;
  • the company is exposed to credit risk in certain of its business and investment operations including reinsurance or structured settlements;
  • within the United States, the company’s businesses are heavily regulated by the states in which it conducts business, including licensing and supervision, and changes in regulation may reduce the company’s profitability and limit its growth;
  • changes in state or federal regulations or enforcement practices could impose significant burdens on the company and otherwise adversely impact the company’s results;
  • a downgrade in the company’s claims-paying and financial strength ratings could adversely impact the company’s business volumes, adversely impact the company’s ability to access the capital markets and increase the company’s borrowing costs;
  • the inability of the company’s insurance subsidiaries to pay dividends to the company’s holding company in sufficient amounts would harm the company’s ability to meet its obligations, pay future shareholder dividends or make future share repurchases;
  • disruptions to the company’s relationships with its independent agents and brokers could adversely affect the company;
  • the company’s efforts to develop new products, such as Quantum 2.0, or expand in targeted markets may not be successful and may create enhanced risks;
  • the company may be adversely affected if its pricing and capital models provide materially different indications than actual results;
  • the company’s business success and profitability depend, in part, on effective information technology systems and on continuing to develop and implement improvements in technology;
  • if the company experiences difficulties with technology, data and network security and/or outsourcing relationships, the company’s ability to conduct its business could be negatively impacted;
  • the company is subject to a number of risks associated with its business outside the United States;
  • new regulations outside of the United States, including in the European Union, could adversely impact the company’s results of operations and limit its growth;
  • loss of or significant restriction on the use of particular types of underwriting criteria, such as credit scoring, in the pricing and underwriting of the company’s products could reduce the company’s future profitability;
  • acquisitions and integration of acquired businesses may result in operating difficulties and other unintended consequences;
  • the company could be adversely affected if its controls to ensure compliance with guidelines, policies and legal and regulatory standards are not effective;
  • the company’s businesses may be adversely affected if it is unable to hire and retain qualified employees;
  • intellectual property is important to the company’s business, and the company may be unable to protect and enforce its own intellectual property or the company may be subject to claims for infringing the intellectual property of others;
  • changes to existing accounting standards may adversely impact the company’s reported results;
  • changes in U.S. tax laws or in the tax laws of other jurisdictions in which the company operates could adversely impact the company;
  • the company’s repurchase plans depend on a variety of factors, including the company’s financial position, earnings, share price, catastrophe losses, maintaining capital levels commensurate with the company’s desired ratings from independent rating agencies, funding of the company’s qualified pension plan, capital requirements of the company’s operating subsidiaries, legal requirements, regulatory constraints, other investment opportunities (including mergers and acquisitions and related financings), market conditions and other factors; and
  • the company may not achieve the anticipated benefits of its transactions, its new products or its strategic initiatives or complete a transaction that is subject to closing conditions.

Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this press release or as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update forward-looking statements. For a more detailed discussion of these factors, see the information under the captions "Risk Factors" in our most recent annual report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on February 13, 2014 and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our most recent annual report on Form 10-K as updated by our current report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on September 10, 2014 and our quarterly report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC.

*****

GLOSSARY OF FINANCIAL MEASURES AND RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO GAAP MEASURES

The following measures are used by the company’s management to evaluate financial performance against historical results and establish targets on a consolidated basis. In some cases, these measures are considered non-GAAP financial measures under applicable SEC rules because they are not displayed as separate line items in the consolidated financial statements or are not required to be disclosed in the notes to financial statements or, in some cases, include or exclude certain items not ordinarily included or excluded in the most comparable GAAP financial measure. Reconciliations of non-GAAP measures to their most directly comparable GAAP measures also follow.

In the opinion of the company’s management, a discussion of these measures provides investors, financial analysts, rating agencies and other financial statement users with a better understanding of the significant factors that comprise the company’s periodic results of operations and how management evaluates the company’s financial performance. Internally, the company's management uses these measures to evaluate performance against historical results, to establish financial targets on a consolidated basis and for other reasons, which are discussed below.

Some of these measures exclude net realized investment gains (losses), net of tax, and/or net unrealized investment gains (losses), net of tax, which can be significantly impacted by both discretionary and other economic factors and are not necessarily indicative of operating trends.

Other companies may calculate these measures differently, and, therefore, their measures may not be comparable to those used by the company’s management.

RECONCILIATION OF OPERATING INCOME AND CERTAIN OTHER NON-GAAP MEASURES TO NET INCOME

Operating income is net income excluding the after-tax impact of net realized investment gains (losses) and discontinued operations. Management uses operating income to analyze each segment’s performance and as a tool in making business decisions. Financial statement users also consider operating income when analyzing the results and trends of insurance companies. Operating earnings per share is operating income on a per common share basis.

Reconciliation of Operating Income less Preferred Dividends to Net Income

                   
         

Three Months Ended

December 31,

Twelve Months Ended

December 31,

($ in millions, pre-tax)

    2014   2013   2014   2013
 
Operating income

$

1,438

$

1,360

$

5,010

$

4,779

Net realized investment gains      

22

   

11

   

79

   

166

Net income    

$

1,460

 

$

1,371

 

$

5,089

 

$

4,945

   

Three Months Ended
December 31,

  Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
($ in millions, after-tax)     2014   2013   2014   2013
   
Operating income $ 1,023

 

$ 981 $ 3,641

 

$ 3,567
Net realized investment gains       15     7     51     106
Net income     $ 1,038   $ 988   $ 3,692   $ 3,673
                                           
                     
    Twelve Months Ended December 31,
($ in millions, after-tax)       2014     2013     2012     2011     2010     2009     2008       2007     2006     2005  
 
Operating income, less preferred dividends $ 3,641 $ 3,567 $ 2,441 $ 1,389 $ 3,040 $ 3,597 $ 3,191 $ 4,496 $ 4,195 $ 2,020
Preferred dividends       -     -     -     1     3     3     4       4     5     6  
Operating income 3,641 3,567 2,441 1,390 3,043 3,600 3,195 4,500 4,200 2,026
Net realized investment gains (losses)       51     106     32     36     173     22     (271 )     101     8     35  
Income from continuing operations 3,692 3,673 2,473 1,426 3,216 3,622 2,924 4,601 4,208 2,061
Discontinued operations       -     -     -     -     -     -     -       -     -     (439 )
Net income    

$

3,692

 

$

3,673

 

$

2,473

 

$

1,426

 

$

3,216

 

$

3,622

 

$

2,924

   

$

4,601

 

$

4,208

 

$

1,622

 
 

Reconciliation of Operating Earnings per Share to Net Income per Share on a Basic and Diluted Basis

         
Three Months Ended
December 31,
Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
      2014   2013   2014   2013
 

Basic earnings per share

Operating income $ 3.11 $ 2.71 $ 10.67 $ 9.56
Net realized investment gains       0.04     0.02     0.15     0.28
Net income     $ 3.15   $ 2.73   $ 10.82   $ 9.84
 

Diluted earnings per share

Operating income $ 3.07 $ 2.68 $ 10.55 $ 9.46
Net realized investment gains       0.04     0.02     0.15     0.28
Net income     $ 3.11   $ 2.70   $ 10.70   $ 9.74

Reconciliation of Operating Income by Segment to Total Operating Income

         
Three Months Ended
December 31,
Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
($ in millions, after-tax)     2014   2013   2014   2013
 
 
Business and International Insurance $ 630 $ 631 $ 2,347 $ 2,404
Bond & Specialty Insurance 216 174 727 573
Personal Insurance       242       237       824       838  
Total segment operating income 1,088 1,042 3,898 3,815
Interest Expense and Other       (65 )     (61 )     (257 )     (248 )
Total operating income     $ 1,023     $ 981     $ 3,641     $ 3,567  
 

RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY TO SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND OPERATING RETURN ON EQUITY TO RETURN ON EQUITY

Average shareholders’ equity is (a) the sum of total shareholders’ equity excluding preferred stock at the beginning and end of each of the quarters for the period presented divided by (b) the number of quarters in the period presented times two. Adjusted shareholders’ equity is shareholders’ equity excluding net unrealized investment gains (losses), net of tax, net realized investment gains (losses), net of tax, for the period presented, preferred stock and discontinued operations. Adjusted average shareholders’ equity is average shareholders’ equity excluding net unrealized investment gains (losses), net of tax, for all quarters included in the calculation and, for each quarterly period included in the calculation, that quarter’s net realized investment gains (losses), net of tax and discontinued operations.

Reconciliation of Adjusted Shareholders’ Equity to Shareholders’ Equity

                                               
    As of December 31,
($ in millions)     2014   2013   2012   2011   2010   2009   2008   2007   2006   2005   2004
                   
Adjusted shareholders' equity

$

22,819

$

23,368

$

22,270

$

21,570

$

23,375

$

25,458

$

25,647

$

25,783

$

24,545

$

22,227

$

20,087

Net unrealized investment gains (losses), net of tax 1,966 1,322 3,103 2,871 1,859 1,856 (146 ) 620 453 327 866
Net realized investment gains (losses), net of tax 51 106 32 36 173 22 (271 ) 101 8 35 (28 )
Preferred stock - - - - 68 79 89 112 129 153 188
Discontinued operations       -     -     -     -     -     -     -       -     -     (439 )     88  
Shareholders' equity    

$

24,836

 

$

24,796

 

$

25,405

 

$

24,477

 

$

25,475

 

$

27,415

 

$

25,319

   

$

26,616

 

$

25,135

 

$

22,303

   

$

21,201

 

Return on equity is the ratio of annualized net income less preferred dividends to average shareholders’ equity for the periods presented. Operating return on equity is the ratio of annualized operating income less preferred dividends to adjusted average shareholders’ equity for the periods presented. In the opinion of the company’s management, these are important indicators of how well management creates value for its shareholders through its operating activities and its capital management.

Calculation of Operating Return on Equity and Return on Equity

         
Three Months Ended
December 31,
Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
($ in millions, after-tax)     2014   2013   2014   2013
 
Annualized operating income $ 4,092 $ 3,924 $ 3,641 $ 3,567
Adjusted average shareholders' equity       23,131       23,360       23,447       23,004  
Operating return on equity       17.7 %     16.8 %     15.5 %     15.5 %
 
Annualized net income $ 4,151 $ 3,950 $ 3,692 $ 3,673
Average shareholders' equity       25,078       24,804       25,264       25,099  
Return on equity       16.6 %     15.9 %     14.6 %     14.6 %

Average annual operating return on equity over a period is the ratio of:

a) the sum of operating income less preferred dividends for the periods presented to

b) the sum of: 1) the sum of the adjusted average shareholders’ equity for all full years in the period presented, and 2) for partial years in the period presented, the number of quarters in that partial year divided by four, multiplied by the adjusted average shareholders’ equity of the partial year.

Calculation of Average Annual Operating Return on Equity from January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2014

                     
    Twelve Months Ended December 31,
($ in millions)     2014   2013   2012   2011   2010   2009   2008   2007   2006   2005
 
Operating income, less preferred dividends $ 3,641 $ 3,567 $ 2,441 $ 1,389 $ 3,040 $ 3,597 $ 3,191 $ 4,496 $ 4,195 $ 2,020
Adjusted average shareholders' equity 23,447 23,004 22,158 22,806 24,285 25,777 25,668 25,350 23,381 21,118
Operating return on equity       15.5 %     15.5 %     11.0 %     6.1 %     12.5 %     14.0 %     12.4 %     17.7 %     17.9 %     9.6 %
 

Average annual operating return on equity
for the period Jan. 1, 2005 through Dec. 31, 2014

13.3

%

 

RECONCILIATION OF PRE-TAX UNDERWRITING GAIN EXCLUDING CERTAIN ITEMS TO NET INCOME

Underwriting gain is net earned premiums and fee income less claims and claim adjustment expenses and insurance-related expenses. In the opinion of the company’s management, it is important to measure the profitability of each segment excluding the results of investing activities, which are managed separately from the insurance business. This measure is used to assess each segment’s business performance and as a tool in making business decisions. Pre-tax underwriting gain, excluding the impact of catastrophes and net favorable prior year loss reserve development, is the underwriting gain adjusted to exclude claims and claim adjustment expenses, reinstatement premiums and assessments related to catastrophes and loss reserve development related to time periods prior to the current year. In the opinion of the company's management, this measure is meaningful to users of the financial statements to understand the company's periodic earnings and the variability of earnings caused by the unpredictable nature (i.e., the timing and amount) of catastrophes and loss reserve development. This measure is also referred to as underlying underwriting margin or underlying underwriting gain.

A catastrophe is a severe loss, resulting from natural and man-made events, including risks such as fire, earthquake, windstorm, explosion, terrorism and other similar events. Each catastrophe has unique characteristics, and catastrophes are not predictable as to timing or amount. Their effects are included in net and operating income and claims and claim adjustment expense reserves upon occurrence. A catastrophe may result in the payment of reinsurance reinstatement premiums and assessments from various pools. In the opinion of the company's management, a discussion of the impact of catastrophes is meaningful to users of the financial statements to understand the company’s periodic earnings and the variability in periodic earnings caused by the unpredictable nature of catastrophes.

Net favorable (unfavorable) prior year loss reserve development is the increase or decrease in incurred claims and claim adjustment expenses as a result of the re-estimation of claims and claim adjustment expense reserves at successive valuation dates for a given group of claims, which may be related to one or more prior years. In the opinion of the company's management, a discussion of loss reserve development is meaningful to users of the financial statements as it allows them to assess the impact between prior and current year development on incurred claims and claim adjustment expenses, net and operating income (loss), and changes in claims and claim adjustment expense reserve levels from period to period.

Reconciliation of Pre-tax Underwriting Gain (Excluding the Impact of Catastrophes and Net Favorable Prior Year Loss Reserve Development) to Net Income

         
Three Months Ended
December 31,
Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
($ in millions, after-tax except as noted)     2014   2013   2014   2013
 

Pre-tax underwriting gain excluding the impact of catastrophes
and net favorable prior year loss reserve development

$ 556

 

$ 483 $ 2,246 $ 1,918
Pre-tax impact of catastrophes (41 ) (53 ) (709 ) (591 )
Pre-tax impact of net favorable prior year loss reserve development       351       259       941       840  
Pre-tax underwriting gain 866 689 2,478 2,167
Income tax expense on underwriting results       315       254       894       725  
Underwriting gain 551 435 1,584 1,442
Net investment income 513 562 2,216 2,186
Other income/(expense), including interest expense       (41 )     (16 )     (159 )     (61 )
Operating income 1,023 981 3,641 3,567
Net realized investment gains       15       7       51       106  
Net income     $ 1,038     $ 988     $ 3,692     $ 3,673  

COMBINED RATIO AND ADJUSTMENTS FOR UNDERLYING COMBINED RATIO

Combined ratio: For Statutory Accounting Practices (SAP), the combined ratio is the sum of the SAP loss and LAE ratio and the SAP underwriting expense ratio as defined in the statutory financial statements required by insurance regulators. The combined ratio as used in this earnings release is the equivalent of, and is calculated in the same manner as, the SAP combined ratio except that the SAP underwriting expense ratio is based on net written premium and the underwriting expense ratio as used in this earnings release is based on net earned premiums.

For SAP, loss and LAE ratio is the ratio of incurred losses and loss adjustment expenses less certain administrative services fee income to net earned premiums as defined in the statutory financial statements required by insurance regulators. The loss and LAE ratio as used in this earnings release is calculated in the same manner as the SAP ratio.

For SAP, the underwriting expense ratio is the ratio of underwriting expenses incurred (including commissions paid), less certain administrative services fee income and billing and policy fees, to net written premiums as defined in the statutory financial statements required by insurance regulators. The underwriting expense ratio as used in this earnings release, is the ratio of underwriting expenses (including the amortization of deferred acquisition costs), less certain administrative services fee income and billing and policy fees, to net earned premiums.

The combined ratio, loss and LAE ratio, and underwriting expense ratio are used as indicators of the company’s underwriting discipline, efficiency in acquiring and servicing its business and overall underwriting profitability. A combined ratio under 100% generally indicates an underwriting profit. A combined ratio over 100% generally indicates an underwriting loss.

Other companies’ method of computing similarly titled measures may not be comparable to the company’s method of computing these ratios.

Underlying combined ratio represents the combined ratio excluding the impact of net prior year reserve development and catastrophes. The underlying combined ratio is an indicator of the company’s underwriting discipline and underwriting profitability for the current accident year.

Calculation of the Combined Ratio

         
Three Months Ended
December 31,
Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
($ in millions, pre-tax)     2014   2013   2014   2013
 
Loss and loss adjustment expense ratio
Claims and claim adjustment expenses $ 3,209 $ 3,327 $ 13,870 $ 13,307
Less:
Policyholder dividends 11 5 38 35
Allocated fee income       40       46       172       159  
Loss ratio numerator     $ 3,158     $ 3,276     $ 13,660     $ 13,113  
 
Underwriting expense ratio
Amortization of deferred acquisition costs $ 983 $ 970 $ 3,882 $ 3,821
General and administrative expenses (G&A) 1,039 977 3,952 3,757
Less:
G&A included in Interest Expense and Other 9 3 31 20
Allocated fee income 69 63 266 236
Billing and policy fees and other       23       28       103       102  
Expense ratio numerator     $ 1,921     $ 1,853     $ 7,434     $ 7,220  
                   
Earned premium     $ 5,979     $ 5,851     $ 23,713     $ 22,637  
 
Combined ratio 1
Loss and loss adjustment expense ratio 52.8 % 56.0 % 57.6 % 57.9 %
Underwriting expense ratio       32.2 %     31.7 %     31.4 %     31.9 %
Combined ratio       85.0 %     87.7 %     89.0 %     89.8 %

1 For purposes of computing ratios, billing and policy fees and other (which are a component of other revenues) are allocated as a reduction of underwriting expenses. In addition, fee income is allocated as a reduction of losses and loss adjustment expenses and underwriting expenses.

RECONCILIATION OF CERTAIN NON-GAAP MEASURES TO BOOK VALUE PER SHARE AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Book value per share is total common shareholders’ equity divided by the number of common shares outstanding. Adjusted book value per share is total common shareholders’ equity excluding the after-tax impact of net unrealized investment gains and losses, divided by the number of common shares outstanding. In the opinion of the company’s management, adjusted book value per share is useful in an analysis of a property casualty company’s book value per share as it removes the effect of changing prices on invested assets (i.e., net unrealized investment gains (losses), net of tax), which do not have an equivalent impact on unpaid claims and claim adjustment expense reserves. Tangible book value per share is adjusted book value per share excluding the after-tax value of goodwill and other intangible assets divided by the number of common shares outstanding. In the opinion of the company’s management, tangible book value per share is useful in an analysis of a property casualty company’s book value on a nominal basis as it removes certain effects of purchase accounting (i.e., goodwill and other intangible assets), in addition to the effect of changing prices on invested assets.

Reconciliation of Tangible and Adjusted Shareholders’ Equity to Shareholders’ Equity

     
As of

($ in millions, except per share amounts)

    December 31,
2014
  December 31,
2013
 
Tangible shareholders' equity $ 19,011 $ 19,543
Goodwill 3,611 3,634
Other intangible assets 304 351
Less: Impact of deferred tax on other intangible assets       (56 )     (54 )
Adjusted shareholders' equity 22,870 23,474
Net unrealized investment gains, net of tax       1,966       1,322  
Shareholders' equity     $ 24,836  

 

$ 24,796  
 
Common shares outstanding       322.2       353.5  
 
Tangible book value per share $ 59.00 $ 55.29
Adjusted book value per share 70.98 66.41
Book value per share       77.08       70.15  

RECONCILIATION OF CERTAIN NON-GAAP MEASURES TO TOTAL CAPITALIZATION

Total capitalization is the sum of total shareholders’ equity and debt. Debt-to-capital ratio excluding net unrealized gain on investments is the ratio of debt to total capitalization excluding the after-tax impact of net unrealized investment gains and losses. In the opinion of the company's management, the debt to capital ratio is useful in an analysis of the company's financial leverage.

Reconciliation of Total Debt and Equity Excluding Net Unrealized Investment Gain to Total Capitalization

     
As of
($ in millions)    

December 31,
2014

  December 31,
2013
 
Debt $ 6,349 $ 6,346
Shareholders' equity       24,836       24,796  
Total capitalization       31,185       31,142  
Net unrealized investment gains, net of tax       1,966       1,322  
Total capitalization excluding net unrealized gain $ 29,219 $ 29,820
on investments, net of tax          
 
Debt-to-capital ratio 20.4 % 20.4 %
Debt-to-capital ratio excluding net unrealized investment gains, net of tax       21.7 %     21.3 %

OTHER DEFINITIONS

Gross written premiums reflect the direct and assumed contractually determined amounts charged to policyholders for the effective period of the contract based on the terms and conditions of the insurance contract. Net written premiums reflect gross written premiums less premiums ceded to reinsurers. These are GAAP measures.

For the Business and International Insurance and Bond & Specialty Insurance segments, retention is the amount of premium available for renewal that was retained, excluding rate and exposure changes. For the Personal Insurance segment, retention is the ratio of the expected number of renewal policies that will be retained throughout the annual policy period to the number of available renewal base policies. For all of the segments, renewal rate change represents the estimated change in average premium on policies that renew, excluding exposure changes. Exposure is the measure of risk used in the pricing of an insurance product. The change in exposure is the amount of change in premium on policies that renew attributable to the change in portfolio risk. Renewal premium change represents the estimated change in average premium on policies that renew, including rate and exposure changes. New business volume is the amount of written premium related to new policyholders and additional products sold to existing policyholders. These are operating statistics, which are subject to change based upon a number of factors, including changes in actuarial estimates. For the Business and International Insurance segment, retention, renewal premium change and new business volumes exclude National Accounts and surety.

Statutory capital and surplus represents the excess of an insurance company’s admitted assets over its liabilities, including loss reserves, as determined in accordance with statutory accounting practices (SAP).

Holding company liquidity is the total funds available at the holding company level to fund general corporate purposes, primarily the payment of shareholder dividends and debt service. These funds consist of total cash, short-term invested assets and other readily marketable securities held by the holding company.

For a glossary of other financial terms used in this press release, we refer you to the company’s most recent annual report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) as updated by the company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on September 10, 2014.

Contacts

The Travelers Companies, Inc.
Media:
Patrick Linehan, 917-778-6267
or
Institutional Investors:
Gabriella Nawi, 917-778-6844
or
Individual Investors:
Marc Parr, 860-277-0779

Contacts

The Travelers Companies, Inc.
Media:
Patrick Linehan, 917-778-6267
or
Institutional Investors:
Gabriella Nawi, 917-778-6844
or
Individual Investors:
Marc Parr, 860-277-0779