DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Research and Markets (http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/sdfx4n/the_oil_and_gas) has announced the addition of the "The Oil & Gas sector in Lebanon 2014" report to their offering.
This guide provides an overview of the current status and planned development of the downstream and upstream sectors of the Lebanese oil and gas industry. The downstream sector comprises the commercial side of the business, such as the importation of fuel for producing electricity, the petrol station sales of gasoline to motorists, or the distribution of LPG to households and businesses. The upstream sector, which consists of the process of extracting hydrocarbons and refining them, is just starting to become active.
The import segment of the downstream sector is dominated by a limited and stable number of importers, united in the Association of Petroleum Importing Companies (APIC). Barriers to entry and exit are high due to the cost of building sea-side terminals, which are the prerequisite for receiving shipments. This is especially true for LPG, the transport and storage of which requires special technical and safety measures.
This guide examines the environmental impact of both the downstream and upstream hydrocarbon sectors. In the downstream sector, electricity generation is the main cause of greenhouse gas emissions, followed by land transport and industry. A switch to natural gas as a fuel is possible in all three areas and would reduce these emissions dramatically. In the upstream sector, environmental risks mainly revolve around drilling, which is a complex undertaking in the Eastern Mediterranean. The waters are deep, and the seafloor beneath them can hold various gas combinations with different pressures. A first Strategic Environmental Assessment evaluating the potential effects of the new upstream sector and formulating appropriate safeguards has already been carried out.
Key Topics Covered:
3. Energy Cost and Pricing
5. Energy Conversion
6. Downstream Environmental Aspects
7. Natural Gas as an Alternative Fuel
8. Seismic Explorations
9. Legal Aspects
10. Financial Management
11. New Stakeholders
12. Upstream Environmental Aspects
For more information visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/sdfx4n/the_oil_and_gas